Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Using Varispeed to create an old tape machine sound

From: Logic Pro 9 Essential Training

Video: Using Varispeed to create an old tape machine sound

Here is another technique that comes straight from the good old days of tape-based analog recording. It's called varispeed and it refers to speeding up and slowing down the tape transport to create pitch and speed effects in recording. Of course, Logic has no tape transport. But the Varispeed speed features in Logic 9 emulate this kind of technique and add their own special twist of course. We are still listening to our work in progress, "Nathaniel." (Music playing.) (Man singing: Oh Nathaniel, how the days are laid down.) To turn on varispeed we will go to the transport prefs.

Using Varispeed to create an old tape machine sound

Here is another technique that comes straight from the good old days of tape-based analog recording. It's called varispeed and it refers to speeding up and slowing down the tape transport to create pitch and speed effects in recording. Of course, Logic has no tape transport. But the Varispeed speed features in Logic 9 emulate this kind of technique and add their own special twist of course. We are still listening to our work in progress, "Nathaniel." (Music playing.) (Man singing: Oh Nathaniel, how the days are laid down.) To turn on varispeed we will go to the transport prefs.

Right-click on the Transport Bar and choose Customize Transport Bar. Here in the middle under Display you can check Varispeed. Hit OK. This brings some new controls in your Transport Bar. You have plus and minus button on the right. You also have Speed Only in the middle. This is our Varispeed controls here. To enable Varispeed, click on the plus minus button. You see Speed Only lights up. Speed Only is a kind of modern twist on tape varispeed, because it allows you to slow down or speed up the project, but then Logic automatically compensates for the pitch, leaving the song in the same pitch.

It does use a lot of real-time processing and this can result in some audio artifacting. Let's hear what it does. Click directly on the percentage button and drag up to speed up. I am going to speed it up 20%. You can also double-click on this and type in the number 20. (Music playing.) (Man singing: Like a dominos or like moles in the ground.) (Music playing.) (Man singing: Our mountain to ashes...) As you can hear the song has sped up, but the pitch is the same. Let's try slowing down. Double-click here and type -20.

This is going to be 20% slower. (Music playing.) (Man singing: ?flag a ride.) (Music playing.) (Man singing: Blowing, blowing down the mountain...) Although we do hear a little bit of audio artifacting, the pitch is the same as normal, but the whole song has slowed down 20%. If you click on Speed Only, you get pulldown menu for all the controls related to Varispeed. In here we can change the way that we control our speeding up and slowing down by other things besides percentage. We can speed up and slow down by Resulting Tempo, we can detune using Semitones and Cents, or we can deal with the Tuning Reference using hertz.

Of course, in Speed Only detuning and tuning reference won't do anything, since this mode doesn't actually alter the pitch. Let's try out Varispeed Mode. Varispeed Mode does not correct for pitch. It's actually more like slowing down and speeding up actual tape. Let's go back into the menu and choose Semitones. Here we'll double-click and will type -5 to slow it down 5 semitones from normal. Let's hear what this sounds like. (Music playing.) (Man singing: I was that kid on the Georgia line.) So here we hear less artifacting and we hear the whole pitch move down and everything slow down together, just like slowing down tape.

Let's hear what it sounds sped up. Let's go 5 semitones above. (Music playing.) (Man singing: I was that kid on the Georgia line.) You can use varispeed in MIDI Mode if you have the software instruments tracks. This mode pitches the audio up and down and also transposes non-drum MIDI events up and down to match the audio shift in pitch. So audio in MIDI stays locked in tune. So you only want to use this one if you have software-based tracks with MIDI on them, something we don't have in this project.

I want to make a note here that varispeed is different than Flex Time, which we'll explore in the Flex Time video. Flex Time is track specific while varispeed affects the entire project globally. So why use varispeeding? If the artifacting isn't too bad, you can use Speed Only Mode to pick the tempo up for the whole song just a little bit, or slow it down just to get a little bit more in the pocket. You can use the Varispeed Mode to slow down the song to make it heavy and slow. If that's your thing, but also you can slow down or speed up, record to that speed, then put it back to normal.

This can yield interesting textures and effects for your song. Varispeed Mode takes some old-school tape techniques and brings then into the digital world. Another awesome new feature of Logic 9.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Logic Pro 9 Essential Training
Logic Pro 9 Essential Training

74 video lessons · 28428 viewers

Scott Hirsch
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 1m 55s
    1. Welcome
      50s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 5s
  2. 17m 39s
    1. Installing the software
      3m 19s
    2. Launching Logic for the first time, using the templates
      5m 15s
    3. Understanding audio interfaces
      3m 35s
    4. Understanding MIDI interfaces
      5m 30s
  3. 32m 15s
    1. Getting to know the Arrange window
      5m 15s
    2. Using the many windows of Logic
      4m 13s
    3. Creating your own screensets
      2m 23s
    4. Using the Transport window and controlling playback
      4m 54s
    5. Using the Toolbox
      2m 37s
    6. Naming tracks and regions
      3m 27s
    7. Learning useful and custom key commands
      5m 18s
    8. Saving and going mobile with your project
      4m 8s
  4. 41m 41s
    1. Setting up for recording
      5m 43s
    2. Understanding Metronome settings or the click track
      4m 7s
    3. Understanding tempo
      4m 37s
    4. Recording live instruments and vocals using multitrack recording
      3m 56s
    5. Playing with guitar madness: Amp design
      5m 13s
    6. Playing with guitar madness: Pedal board
      4m 5s
    7. Working with takes recording and comping
      4m 51s
    8. Punching in to replace bad audio
      4m 51s
    9. Using Varispeed to create an old tape machine sound
      4m 18s
  5. 1h 8m
    1. Understanding MIDI
      4m 41s
    2. Using the Logic synth instruments
      7m 4s
    3. Working with the emulator instruments
      5m 23s
    4. Using the EXS24 sampler
      3m 7s
    5. Building tracks with Ultrabeat
      5m 31s
    6. Using channel strips to select a virtual sound
      5m 29s
    7. Understanding the basics of MIDI recording
      4m 38s
    8. Learning how to use MIDI with Cycle Record
      4m 9s
    9. Using Logic's step input
      4m 3s
    10. Mastering quantization
      6m 18s
    11. Working in the Piano Scroll window
      5m 33s
    12. Editing controller messages with Hyper View
      4m 8s
    13. Working with the Hyper Editor
      5m 29s
    14. Working with the Events List
      3m 20s
  6. 29m 49s
    1. Importing prerecorded audio into Logic
      4m 5s
    2. Exploring Apple Loops
      4m 40s
    3. Creating your own Apple Loop
      4m 21s
    4. Conforming tempo, region to session, or session to region
      3m 51s
    5. Using the new Flex Time feature
      5m 17s
    6. Beat mapping your project
      4m 41s
    7. Importing elements from project to project
      2m 54s
  7. 24m 15s
    1. Understanding the basic editing techniques in the Arrange window
      7m 5s
    2. Tips for editing and arranging
      3m 21s
    3. Editing and merging regions in the Arrange window
      3m 45s
    4. Mastering fades for audio region arranging
      4m 58s
    5. Fixing and morphing sound with the Sample Editor
      5m 6s
  8. 11m 12s
    1. Working with notes and composing in the Score Editor
      4m 26s
    2. Editing notes, keys, and time signatures
      3m 35s
    3. Creating scores and lead sheets for musicians
      3m 11s
  9. 9m 8s
    1. Setting up for a sync video project
      4m 50s
    2. Scoring music to video
      4m 18s
  10. 56m 32s
    1. Mixing philosophies and five tools for mixing
      3m 37s
    2. Setting up for a mix
      5m 11s
    3. Directing audio traffic with fader levels
      5m 7s
    4. Exploring Logic's panning features
      4m 37s
    5. Exploring inserts: Using EQ as a mix tool
      6m 51s
    6. Exploring inserts: Using compression as a mix tool
      5m 38s
    7. Using advanced signal flow with aux and send tracks
      3m 12s
    8. Using advanced signal flow with time-based FX to create space in your mix
      3m 44s
    9. Using automation to create dynamic mixes
      6m 22s
    10. Giving your mix life with automation
      2m 45s
    11. Optimizing performance with freeze tracks
      4m 42s
    12. Using channel strips for audio processing
      4m 46s
  11. 16m 7s
    1. Understanding surround hardware requirements
      4m 5s
    2. Building surround mixing workflows
      6m 17s
    3. Using the surround panner
      5m 45s
  12. 15m 48s
    1. Bouncing down your song
      5m 31s
    2. Understanding why alt mixes are a good idea
      2m 22s
    3. Exploring Logic's export options
      3m 37s
    4. Mastering your own Logic project
      4m 18s
  13. 37s
    1. Goodbye
      37s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ .

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Logic Pro 9 Essential Training.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member ?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferences from the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Learn more, save more. Upgrade today!

Get our Annual Premium Membership at our best savings yet.

Upgrade to our Annual Premium Membership today and get even more value from your lynda.com subscription:

“In a way, I feel like you are rooting for me. Like you are really invested in my experience, and want me to get as much out of these courses as possible this is the best place to start on your journey to learning new material.”— Nadine H.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.