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Unlike the synthesis and emulator instruments, which create sound, sampling instruments use prerecorded audio files to create incredibly realistic sounding instruments. This is awesome because aside from drawing from Logic's extensive library of sampled instruments, you can record your own samples, even bring in samples from outside sample libraries. Let's check out Logic's sampler, the EXS24. When you'll open the EXS24 by double- clicking it in the channel strip, you may be surprised that there are no presets in the usual Preset menu where you find lots of sounds for software instruments.
This is because in order to load sample banks for the EXS24, you must use the Sampler Instrument field directly above the Cutoff knob. In here, you have all of your instruments, from multilayer orchestral string sections to every orchestral instrument by itself, to bass and electric guitars, pianos, horns and drums sets. Let's hear a few of the hundreds of library samples. Here is a Full String section. (Music playing.) Next, we have a Harp.
(Music playing.) Finally, we some Steel Drums. (Music playing.) Remember these are actual sampled sounds that are being triggered by MIDI events. The MIDI events in the track are playing through the EXS24. In the Instrument window, you also have access to apply a filter to any of the sounds. That's what this cutoff knob is for. Let's hear what that sounds like.
(Music playing.) You also have three LFOs to synthesize modulation on your sounds. If you're interested in bringing in and editing your own samples to the EXS24, you should take a look at the EXS Sample Editor. To get to that, click on Edit in the top right of the EXS24 window. Here you see a display of the entire MIDI keyboard and which notes or zones correspond to which samples.
As you can see here this full orchestra setting employs many samples, made up of many individual Wave files. If we click over to Groups in the top left, we can see that this string section is a multilayered sample patch and different physical samples are played depending on the velocity of how they're played on the MIDI keyboard. This Sample Editor is where you can build to map your own sample libraries. You can also use this editor to convert and map ReCycle files from Propellerhead Software. You do this under the Instrument menu. Let's go back to the main EXS24 window.
If you click Options next to Edit on the right, you'll see that the EXS24 supports importing from many popular sample library formats including AKAI, Giga Studio and SampleCell. The EXS24 is a very powerful tool. You can start by using the preset sounds but it's good to know that there are many complex layers lying beneath the surface of this cool instrument.
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