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Understanding tempo

From: Logic Pro 9 Essential Training

Video: Understanding tempo

Logic's flexible timing grade is one of its greatest strengths. Let's learn how we can set up and change our project's tempo and time signatures. Tempo refers to the duration of time each musical beat takes. It's measured in beats per minute or BPM. You'll find your current Tempo setting in the middle of the Transport window. Default BPM is 120 or 2 beats per second. Adjust it here to change the global BPM of your song. You can click up or down on the number to make the BPM higher or lower, or you can double-click on the number to enter a number in manually.

Understanding tempo

Logic's flexible timing grade is one of its greatest strengths. Let's learn how we can set up and change our project's tempo and time signatures. Tempo refers to the duration of time each musical beat takes. It's measured in beats per minute or BPM. You'll find your current Tempo setting in the middle of the Transport window. Default BPM is 120 or 2 beats per second. Adjust it here to change the global BPM of your song. You can click up or down on the number to make the BPM higher or lower, or you can double-click on the number to enter a number in manually.

Let's try 140. You can also change the tempo during playback. I'm going to play the song and I'm going to drag the Tempo down. We should hear the tempo slow as this happens. (Music playing.) Now I'm going to speed up. (Music playing.) Because these are all MIDI-based software instrument tracks, they're able to conform to the changing tempo in real-time.

Once you decide an appropriate tempo for your song, you may leave it there or you may wish to speed it up or slow it down during the course of your song. To do this, open the Global Tracks triangle. Here we have a Tempo lane. Let's open this up, and let's pull the window down to make it big. As you can see, the tempo is 140 for the course of this song. Let's double-click at bar 5 to make a new tempo node. We can click and drag after this node to pull the tempo down after that point in time. Let's pull it way down. So you can hear a dramatic change.

Now, I'm going to deselect Cycle Mode and play from before the tempo change. We should hear the Tempo dramatically shift from 140 to 116 at bar 5. (Music playing.) You can also make a gradual change from 140 to 116 by clicking on the node in the middle and pulling to the left. This makes a gradual tempo curve. Now, the tempo will gradually change from 140 to 116 between bars 1 and 5.

(Music playing.) The cool thing about trying out different tempos is that you can audition and change between up to 9 alternate tempos in your Logic project. To do this, just click in the Alternative box in the Tempo lane. If you like what you did that you want to try a different tempo, simply go to this pulldown menu and choose number 2. Now, we have a fresh Tempo lane to start. You can move between your alternate tempos at anytime. This is great for remixes and film scoring since it lets you try out all different kinds of tempo options.

If you're still not sure what you want your tempo to be by a BPM number, you can manually tap in a tempo to your keyboard. This is cool but it requires a little setup. Go to File > Project Settings and click on Synchronization. Here we're going to change the Sync Mode to Manual, and we're going to click on Auto Enable External Sync and close this window. Now we're going to go to Options > Tempo > Tempo Interpreter. This will interpret the tempo as we tap it into our keyboard. Now we need to hold Shift and tap the T button to the tempo we want to hear.

(Tapping sound.) (Music playing.) When I hit Stop, it locks in the tempo I was tapping, which is somewhere around 98 BPM. The time signature, or how many beats per bar, defaults to 4/4 or common time. This means every bar is divided into 4 beats. The time signature can be changed at anytime in the Transport, but note that it changes from where the playhead is onward.

So if I double-click on here where it says 4/4 and type in 3, it gives me 3/4 time. That means every bar is divided into 3 beats, not 4. If you look in the Signature lane of your Global Tracks, you'll see that 3/4 occurs from right around when my playhead was onward. Once you make a new time signature, you can pull them around in different locations in the Signature lane by clicking on the division line and dragging left or right. Keep in mind you can set all of these tempo and time signature changes ahead of time before you record a band and the performers will hear all the changes reflected by the metronome in their headphone mix.

Logic makes it easy to have complex tempo and time signatures in your song with a few clicks of the mouse. You'll find these useful when you're composing, setting up click tracks for recording sessions, or working on remixes.

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This video is part of

Image for Logic Pro 9 Essential Training
Logic Pro 9 Essential Training

74 video lessons · 28189 viewers

Scott Hirsch
Author

 
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  1. 1m 55s
    1. Welcome
      50s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 5s
  2. 17m 39s
    1. Installing the software
      3m 19s
    2. Launching Logic for the first time, using the templates
      5m 15s
    3. Understanding audio interfaces
      3m 35s
    4. Understanding MIDI interfaces
      5m 30s
  3. 32m 15s
    1. Getting to know the Arrange window
      5m 15s
    2. Using the many windows of Logic
      4m 13s
    3. Creating your own screensets
      2m 23s
    4. Using the Transport window and controlling playback
      4m 54s
    5. Using the Toolbox
      2m 37s
    6. Naming tracks and regions
      3m 27s
    7. Learning useful and custom key commands
      5m 18s
    8. Saving and going mobile with your project
      4m 8s
  4. 41m 41s
    1. Setting up for recording
      5m 43s
    2. Understanding Metronome settings or the click track
      4m 7s
    3. Understanding tempo
      4m 37s
    4. Recording live instruments and vocals using multitrack recording
      3m 56s
    5. Playing with guitar madness: Amp design
      5m 13s
    6. Playing with guitar madness: Pedal board
      4m 5s
    7. Working with takes recording and comping
      4m 51s
    8. Punching in to replace bad audio
      4m 51s
    9. Using Varispeed to create an old tape machine sound
      4m 18s
  5. 1h 8m
    1. Understanding MIDI
      4m 41s
    2. Using the Logic synth instruments
      7m 4s
    3. Working with the emulator instruments
      5m 23s
    4. Using the EXS24 sampler
      3m 7s
    5. Building tracks with Ultrabeat
      5m 31s
    6. Using channel strips to select a virtual sound
      5m 29s
    7. Understanding the basics of MIDI recording
      4m 38s
    8. Learning how to use MIDI with Cycle Record
      4m 9s
    9. Using Logic's step input
      4m 3s
    10. Mastering quantization
      6m 18s
    11. Working in the Piano Scroll window
      5m 33s
    12. Editing controller messages with Hyper View
      4m 8s
    13. Working with the Hyper Editor
      5m 29s
    14. Working with the Events List
      3m 20s
  6. 29m 49s
    1. Importing prerecorded audio into Logic
      4m 5s
    2. Exploring Apple Loops
      4m 40s
    3. Creating your own Apple Loop
      4m 21s
    4. Conforming tempo, region to session, or session to region
      3m 51s
    5. Using the new Flex Time feature
      5m 17s
    6. Beat mapping your project
      4m 41s
    7. Importing elements from project to project
      2m 54s
  7. 24m 15s
    1. Understanding the basic editing techniques in the Arrange window
      7m 5s
    2. Tips for editing and arranging
      3m 21s
    3. Editing and merging regions in the Arrange window
      3m 45s
    4. Mastering fades for audio region arranging
      4m 58s
    5. Fixing and morphing sound with the Sample Editor
      5m 6s
  8. 11m 12s
    1. Working with notes and composing in the Score Editor
      4m 26s
    2. Editing notes, keys, and time signatures
      3m 35s
    3. Creating scores and lead sheets for musicians
      3m 11s
  9. 9m 8s
    1. Setting up for a sync video project
      4m 50s
    2. Scoring music to video
      4m 18s
  10. 56m 32s
    1. Mixing philosophies and five tools for mixing
      3m 37s
    2. Setting up for a mix
      5m 11s
    3. Directing audio traffic with fader levels
      5m 7s
    4. Exploring Logic's panning features
      4m 37s
    5. Exploring inserts: Using EQ as a mix tool
      6m 51s
    6. Exploring inserts: Using compression as a mix tool
      5m 38s
    7. Using advanced signal flow with aux and send tracks
      3m 12s
    8. Using advanced signal flow with time-based FX to create space in your mix
      3m 44s
    9. Using automation to create dynamic mixes
      6m 22s
    10. Giving your mix life with automation
      2m 45s
    11. Optimizing performance with freeze tracks
      4m 42s
    12. Using channel strips for audio processing
      4m 46s
  11. 16m 7s
    1. Understanding surround hardware requirements
      4m 5s
    2. Building surround mixing workflows
      6m 17s
    3. Using the surround panner
      5m 45s
  12. 15m 48s
    1. Bouncing down your song
      5m 31s
    2. Understanding why alt mixes are a good idea
      2m 22s
    3. Exploring Logic's export options
      3m 37s
    4. Mastering your own Logic project
      4m 18s
  13. 37s
    1. Goodbye
      37s

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