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Understanding MIDI

Understanding MIDI provides you with in-depth training on Audio + Music. Taught by Scott Hirsch as p… Show More

Logic Pro 9 Essential Training

with Scott Hirsch

Video: Understanding MIDI

Understanding MIDI provides you with in-depth training on Audio + Music. Taught by Scott Hirsch as part of the Logic Pro 9 Essential Training
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  1. 1m 55s
    1. Welcome
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 5s
  2. 17m 39s
    1. Installing the software
      3m 19s
    2. Launching Logic for the first time, using the templates
      5m 15s
    3. Understanding audio interfaces
      3m 35s
    4. Understanding MIDI interfaces
      5m 30s
  3. 32m 15s
    1. Getting to know the Arrange window
      5m 15s
    2. Using the many windows of Logic
      4m 13s
    3. Creating your own screensets
      2m 23s
    4. Using the Transport window and controlling playback
      4m 54s
    5. Using the Toolbox
      2m 37s
    6. Naming tracks and regions
      3m 27s
    7. Learning useful and custom key commands
      5m 18s
    8. Saving and going mobile with your project
      4m 8s
  4. 41m 41s
    1. Setting up for recording
      5m 43s
    2. Understanding Metronome settings or the click track
      4m 7s
    3. Understanding tempo
      4m 37s
    4. Recording live instruments and vocals using multitrack recording
      3m 56s
    5. Playing with guitar madness: Amp design
      5m 13s
    6. Playing with guitar madness: Pedal board
      4m 5s
    7. Working with takes recording and comping
      4m 51s
    8. Punching in to replace bad audio
      4m 51s
    9. Using Varispeed to create an old tape machine sound
      4m 18s
  5. 1h 8m
    1. Understanding MIDI
      4m 41s
    2. Using the Logic synth instruments
      7m 4s
    3. Working with the emulator instruments
      5m 23s
    4. Using the EXS24 sampler
      3m 7s
    5. Building tracks with Ultrabeat
      5m 31s
    6. Using channel strips to select a virtual sound
      5m 29s
    7. Understanding the basics of MIDI recording
      4m 38s
    8. Learning how to use MIDI with Cycle Record
      4m 9s
    9. Using Logic's step input
      4m 3s
    10. Mastering quantization
      6m 18s
    11. Working in the Piano Scroll window
      5m 33s
    12. Editing controller messages with Hyper View
      4m 8s
    13. Working with the Hyper Editor
      5m 29s
    14. Working with the Events List
      3m 20s
  6. 29m 49s
    1. Importing prerecorded audio into Logic
      4m 5s
    2. Exploring Apple Loops
      4m 40s
    3. Creating your own Apple Loop
      4m 21s
    4. Conforming tempo, region to session, or session to region
      3m 51s
    5. Using the new Flex Time feature
      5m 17s
    6. Beat mapping your project
      4m 41s
    7. Importing elements from project to project
      2m 54s
  7. 24m 15s
    1. Understanding the basic editing techniques in the Arrange window
      7m 5s
    2. Tips for editing and arranging
      3m 21s
    3. Editing and merging regions in the Arrange window
      3m 45s
    4. Mastering fades for audio region arranging
      4m 58s
    5. Fixing and morphing sound with the Sample Editor
      5m 6s
  8. 11m 12s
    1. Working with notes and composing in the Score Editor
      4m 26s
    2. Editing notes, keys, and time signatures
      3m 35s
    3. Creating scores and lead sheets for musicians
      3m 11s
  9. 9m 8s
    1. Setting up for a sync video project
      4m 50s
    2. Scoring music to video
      4m 18s
  10. 56m 32s
    1. Mixing philosophies and five tools for mixing
      3m 37s
    2. Setting up for a mix
      5m 11s
    3. Directing audio traffic with fader levels
      5m 7s
    4. Exploring Logic's panning features
      4m 37s
    5. Exploring inserts: Using EQ as a mix tool
      6m 51s
    6. Exploring inserts: Using compression as a mix tool
      5m 38s
    7. Using advanced signal flow with aux and send tracks
      3m 12s
    8. Using advanced signal flow with time-based FX to create space in your mix
      3m 44s
    9. Using automation to create dynamic mixes
      6m 22s
    10. Giving your mix life with automation
      2m 45s
    11. Optimizing performance with freeze tracks
      4m 42s
    12. Using channel strips for audio processing
      4m 46s
  11. 16m 7s
    1. Understanding surround hardware requirements
      4m 5s
    2. Building surround mixing workflows
      6m 17s
    3. Using the surround panner
      5m 45s
  12. 15m 48s
    1. Bouncing down your song
      5m 31s
    2. Understanding why alt mixes are a good idea
      2m 22s
    3. Exploring Logic's export options
      3m 37s
    4. Mastering your own Logic project
      4m 18s
  13. 37s
    1. Goodbye

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Understanding MIDI
Video Duration: 4m 41s 5h 25m Beginner


Understanding MIDI provides you with in-depth training on Audio + Music. Taught by Scott Hirsch as part of the Logic Pro 9 Essential Training

View Course Description

In Logic Pro 9 Essential Training, Scott Hirsch explains how to harness the power and flexibility of Logic Pro, Apple’s popular songwriting software, to record, edit, and mix music. The course includes instruction on how to compose in Logic Pro, and spend more time being creative and less time dealing with technical uncertainties. Scott focuses on setting up a workspace, recording with both live performers and digital instruments, editing and arranging, and mixing and mastering a composition. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Navigating the Logic Pro interface
  • Setting up for recording
  • Enabling multiple inputs for a live performance
  • Exploring Logic's arsenal of virtual instruments
  • Working with powerful MIDI editors and sequencers
  • Beatmapping, varispeed, and tempo adjustment in the timeline
  • Creating and re-using Apple loops
  • Editing music: Moving and snapping regions, cutting and looping
  • Transcribing a score and creating lead sheets in the Score Editor
  • Syncing with video
  • Mixing audio and creating dynamic mixes
  • Understanding surround sound requirements
  • Exporting a song from Logic Pro
Audio + Music
Logic Pro

Understanding MIDI

If words like MIDI, sequencing, and quantizing sound scary and confusing to you, don't worry. This lesson will tell you everything you need to get on your way to mastering MIDI in Logic. MIDI is an acronym for Musical Instrument Digital Interface. The first thing to know about MIDI is that it is not sound. It's actually a simple, low-resolution computer protocol originally developed in the early 1980s, so that computers could talk to one another. With today's high-powered computers, you may ask what business low-resolution data from the 80s has in our music workflow.

But it's actually the simplicity and small data streams that make MIDI fast, reliable, and very powerful. Let's look at some MIDI in Logic to help you understand how it works. In this project, we have a synth part that was recorded as digital audio. It was sampled at 48kHz and exists as a file on the hard drive. And it is on the Moog track. Let's take a listen. We are going to solo the track and we'll hear it. (Music playing.) This audio is sampled at 48kHz and exists as a file on the hard drive.

It was recorded from the classic pre-MIDI analog Moog synthesizer. I also have a version of the same performance that was recorded as a sequence of MIDI events. This is a generic .mid file. Let's look at the right-hand side of the Arrange window to compare sizes between this file and the audio file. The file I am referring to is called synthMIDI.mid. It is 514 Bytes. The audio file we just listened to is called Moog. It is 8.3 MB. If I did my calculations correct, that audio file is almost 17,000 times bigger in size.

Let's bring it into the session. I am going to simply click and drag from the bin and drag it into an empty part of the Arrange window. When you bring a MIDI file into Logic, it automatically loads a generic piano sound. Notice that you can see the MIDI notes in the region. Let's listen to how this sounds. (Music playing.) So those MIDI notes are playing a generic piano sound. You already have a pre-made track with a software instrument loaded on it.

Let's move this MIDI region up into that track to make the MIDI events on that track play this software instrument called Filter Bubble. Click and drag the region up into the next track. Let's hear what this sounds like. (Music playing.) Let's solo it, just to hear it by itself. (Music playing.) Cool. Now we can see how MIDI can play different instruments. It's separate from the sounds that it makes through the software instruments. Next we are going to open up the List pane on the right-hand side of the Arrange window.

The List shows us a text type view of all the MIDI events inside our currently selected MIDI region. Here we can see information about those MIDI events. Note that MIDI events contain information like position of the song, the pitch value, the value expressed as velocity, and duration length of each of the MIDI events. In MIDI, velocity is not exactly volume. It sometimes corresponds to the volume, but it really is a value between 0 and 127 of how hard the note was struck when it was recorded. Speaking of 0 to 127, you'll see that a lot in MIDI.

It's the total range of any MIDI event. This means 128 total steps, counting numbers 0 to 127 on any MIDI control. We can also look at this MIDI region in the Piano Roll. Let's hit Command+6 to open the Piano Roll window. Here we can see the MIDI events in the Timeline fashion. We can move these MIDI events around and change their lengths and durations. (Music playing.) We can also hear what happens when we do this. Let's close this window. There is another type of MIDI event message called a continuous controller.

Continuous controller messages are different than note-based MIDI events. They are usually performed with a knob, slider, or wheel on a MIDI controller and they can control parameters such as bending the pitch of a synth, or a filter cut-off effect. But just like MIDI note events, continuous controller messages can be edited and changed after they are recorded. Let's select the MIDI Snare region, and let's open it up in the Hyper Editor window. Here we can see some continuous controller messages that were recorded into this region, such as Modulation.

Now that you're familiar with what MIDI is and can do, you're ready to get going with the many MIDI tools, capabilities, and features that are available for MIDI in Logic 9.

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