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In Logic Pro 9 Essential Training, Scott Hirsch explains how to harness the power and flexibility of Logic Pro, Apple’s popular songwriting software, to record, edit, and mix music. The course includes instruction on how to compose in Logic Pro, and spend more time being creative and less time dealing with technical uncertainties. Scott focuses on setting up a workspace, recording with both live performers and digital instruments, editing and arranging, and mixing and mastering a composition. Exercise files accompany the course.
Are you ready to record something into Logic? Recording live audio into Logic is as easy as ever. But first we need to go over some initial setup options to get the most out of your recordings. Once these are in place, you'll be busy tracking in no time. Here we have a new project we just started. Notice by the name, which is Untitled, we haven't saved it yet. Here is a really good tip. Save your session now before recording anything with assets. This automatically sets your audio recording path, so you don't have to do it manually. Go to File > Save As and navigate to the place you want to save it, then we'll name the project. guitarrecording.
Make sure Include Assets is checked and Copy external audio files to project folder. This will ensure that all the sounds we record will end up in our project folder for this project. Assuming our audio interface is properly set up, as we discussed in the Audio Interface video, we'll need to decide on three options for the audio files you'll be recording to your hard drive, File Type, Sample Rate, and Bit Depth. Choose File Type. Go to Global Settings. Logic Pro > Preferences > Audio.
Click on the General tab. Here we have three recording file types we can choose. WAVE or BWF, AIFF, or CAF. I recommend using WAVE. It's the industry standard. However, if you're planning on doing a very long interrupted recording, you can use CAF for that. We are going to stick with WAVE for this project. While we are still in these Preferences, we can change our Bit Depth. Go to the Devices tab. As you can see 24-Bit Recording is currently checked.
I recommend 24-bit. It's the best audio quality. If you uncheck it, you will be recording at 16 bits. That will take up less disk space but it won't sound as good. Here you'll also notice that Software Monitoring is checked, leave this on to monitor, but not commit or print any effects in your tracks as your record. Unless you have a more complex hardware monitoring system this is recommended. Okay, now we are done with the Global Preferences. Let's go into the Project Settings. Go into File > Project Settings > Audio. Here we can adjust the Sample Rate we are recording to.
Right now it's set to 48 kilohertz. I usually go with 48. It's high quality but not so high that it taxes our system's performance. As you could see in this list, you can go down to 44.100 or up to some higher sample rates if your audio hardware allows you to. We'll just stick to 48 for this project. Now we are done with the preferences and settings. We're ready to check our input signal. Click the I button on the track header or in the channel strip and we should be able to get an input coming in. I've got my guitar connected to Input 1, so as soon as I hit I, I should see and hear a level.
(Music playing.) Now we can set our levels coming in. Remember the track volume here only sets the monitoring level the way we hear it, but not the record input level. You must set your record volume on the Preamp Gain or Trim control of whatever input device you're using outside of Logic. This volume only lets us change how we hear it coming out, but not in. When you check your instrument coming in, you might hear a delay. This is caused by something called latency.
I like to call latency the dirty word of digital audio. Anytime you send audio through your computer, you have to deal with the time it takes to get through the computer system. Computers must use a memory buffer to stay ahead of what's coming in. No digital audio workstation including Logic is exempted from this. Logic has some great ways to deal with it though and minimize any problems. Let's go back to our Global Preferences for a second. Logic Pro > Preferences > Audio. Here we have something called the I/O Buffer Size. Right now it's set to 1024 samples.
That's pretty high. That's going to cause quite a bit of latency when we are recording. We can open this window and we can change it to 128. As you can see the Resulting Roundtrip Latency just went down quite a bit. That'll help with the latency problem if you're hearing a delay when you're inputting your signal. There is another place we can deal with low latency. It's a Low Latency button in the Transport window. When we click this, it turns on a special Low Latency Mode in Logic that selectively bypasses plug-ins and other processes to lower the latency when you record.
The trade-off here is less processing power for plug-ins. But this can be changed back when it's time to mix. Okay, we are almost there. What will the recording files be called when we record? You can control this by first naming your track before you hit Record. This is highly recommended. Let's change the name on our track before we record. Double-click on Audio1 and let's call it guitartake. Now, each take we record in this track will automatically create a file in the hard-drive with a track name guitartake_take number.
So we'll get guitartake_1, guitartake_2. This is a lot better than having a whole bunch of files on your hard-drive called Audio101, Audio 102. Later you won't remember what those are. All right, let's hit the R button to record enable the track and we are ready to go. I'll hit R in our keyboard and Logic will start recording, and I'll record a little guitar line. (Music playing.) Congratulations! You now know all the required steps to set up Logic to record audio.
In other videos of the Record chapters, we'll get into all the working techniques and different styles of recording, from multiple instruments to punch recording to comping multiple takes.
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