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Mastering fades for audio region arranging

From: Logic Pro 9 Essential Training

Video: Mastering fades for audio region arranging

Audio regions can be very sensitive to edits. Whenever you cut into audio waveforms, you risk audio clicking on the cut. Crossfades can help smooth over these transitions. We have made some arrangement changes to our song, at Bar 20. Some of these audio regions could be edited more smoothly. Let's solo the bass track and hear that cut. (Bass playing.) Did you hear the click over the cut? Let's listen again. (Bass playing.) There is a sharp click right there.

Mastering fades for audio region arranging

Audio regions can be very sensitive to edits. Whenever you cut into audio waveforms, you risk audio clicking on the cut. Crossfades can help smooth over these transitions. We have made some arrangement changes to our song, at Bar 20. Some of these audio regions could be edited more smoothly. Let's solo the bass track and hear that cut. (Bass playing.) Did you hear the click over the cut? Let's listen again. (Bass playing.) There is a sharp click right there.

We can fix that with a crossfade. To make a crossfade, we can use the Fade tool. Hit Escape to get your toolbox, choose the Fade tool, which looks like a sideways V and drag over the cut. You can see there is a white fade made over the cut. Let's listen to this cut now. (Bass playing.) The fade helps solve that problem of the click between the regions. Once a fade is made, you can right- click on the fade to change its parameters.

Let me get to Fade pulldown menu. For crossfades, you can choose the default Equal Power Crossfade. This minimizes volume dips between audio regions, resulting in a more even crossfade. For some regions, this doesn't quite sound right. It can boost the levels. For these, you should choose a regular old Crossfade, but this Equal Power Crossfade works for this fade as we heard. You can also use this right- click menu to delete fades. Let's go down to the bottom and choose remove fade. A quicker way to remove a fade is just to Option+Click it with the Fade tool.

Let's hit Command+Z to undo that. We want to keep this fade. To change the length and position of the fade, you can just click with your mouse. If you click on the edges, you can make the Fade longer, on either side. You can also make it shorter. If you click right in the middle, you can change the center point of the fade. When you are working with fades, you might need to do this to fine-tune your fade so it sounds right. In some cases, on a cut between two regions, you may need to trim the cut point to a different location. If there is media on either end of the cut, this is no problem.

Just position the pointer on the top portion of the cut and you can roll the edit. Let me show you how to do this in the low guitar track. Let me choose the Pointer tool and I will zoom in a little bit on the track, center the cut in our view. Here is a cut. If I move the pointer up to the top, I get this handy Double Trim tool. This way, I can roll the edit to another location. Fade Ins and Fade Outs can also be managed with the Region Parameter box. Let's fade out the low guitar region at the end of the song.

Let's zoom out to see a better view. I am going to unsolo the bass, click on the Arrange window in the gray area to deselect, and select just the last low guitar drone region. Okay. Now, we can use the Region Parameter box to fade out. Next to the word award Out, double-click and we can enter a value. This is going to be our length of the Fade Out in milliseconds. For example, type 1000 and hit Enter. That's a one-second fade. You see it appeared at the end of the region? Let's double-click in there again. Let's type 30,000.

That's a 30-second fade and it fades out at the end of the song. Once you make a fade like this, you can also change it to have a curve. If you notice in the Region Parameter box, you can click next to the word Curve and drag up or down. If you click Up, it will create a concave curve. If you click Down, it will make a convex curve. One last really cool thing you can do with fades is actually not to fade at all. Let's create a fade with the fade tool at the end of the steel track. Click on the region, hit Escape to get our Fade tool and we will just drag over the end of the steel track.

There, we made a long fade at the end. But now we are going to go into the Region Parameter box and where it says Fade, we are going to choose Slow Down. This actually slows down the speed of the region over the course of the fade we drew. It's really cool for special effects. Let's solo this track to hear this. (Guitar playing.) As you can hear, over the course of the fade, it was slowing down.

At the very end, it would slow down all the way to a stop. Don't forget, you can make Fade Ins as well. Just do the same as we did before, at the beginning of regions, like this. Fades are an essential part of digital audio editing. It's not uncommon for every audio region in a project to have some sort of fade on it. Now you know how to use them.

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This video is part of

Image for Logic Pro 9 Essential Training
Logic Pro 9 Essential Training

74 video lessons · 28220 viewers

Scott Hirsch
Author

 
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  1. 1m 55s
    1. Welcome
      50s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 5s
  2. 17m 39s
    1. Installing the software
      3m 19s
    2. Launching Logic for the first time, using the templates
      5m 15s
    3. Understanding audio interfaces
      3m 35s
    4. Understanding MIDI interfaces
      5m 30s
  3. 32m 15s
    1. Getting to know the Arrange window
      5m 15s
    2. Using the many windows of Logic
      4m 13s
    3. Creating your own screensets
      2m 23s
    4. Using the Transport window and controlling playback
      4m 54s
    5. Using the Toolbox
      2m 37s
    6. Naming tracks and regions
      3m 27s
    7. Learning useful and custom key commands
      5m 18s
    8. Saving and going mobile with your project
      4m 8s
  4. 41m 41s
    1. Setting up for recording
      5m 43s
    2. Understanding Metronome settings or the click track
      4m 7s
    3. Understanding tempo
      4m 37s
    4. Recording live instruments and vocals using multitrack recording
      3m 56s
    5. Playing with guitar madness: Amp design
      5m 13s
    6. Playing with guitar madness: Pedal board
      4m 5s
    7. Working with takes recording and comping
      4m 51s
    8. Punching in to replace bad audio
      4m 51s
    9. Using Varispeed to create an old tape machine sound
      4m 18s
  5. 1h 8m
    1. Understanding MIDI
      4m 41s
    2. Using the Logic synth instruments
      7m 4s
    3. Working with the emulator instruments
      5m 23s
    4. Using the EXS24 sampler
      3m 7s
    5. Building tracks with Ultrabeat
      5m 31s
    6. Using channel strips to select a virtual sound
      5m 29s
    7. Understanding the basics of MIDI recording
      4m 38s
    8. Learning how to use MIDI with Cycle Record
      4m 9s
    9. Using Logic's step input
      4m 3s
    10. Mastering quantization
      6m 18s
    11. Working in the Piano Scroll window
      5m 33s
    12. Editing controller messages with Hyper View
      4m 8s
    13. Working with the Hyper Editor
      5m 29s
    14. Working with the Events List
      3m 20s
  6. 29m 49s
    1. Importing prerecorded audio into Logic
      4m 5s
    2. Exploring Apple Loops
      4m 40s
    3. Creating your own Apple Loop
      4m 21s
    4. Conforming tempo, region to session, or session to region
      3m 51s
    5. Using the new Flex Time feature
      5m 17s
    6. Beat mapping your project
      4m 41s
    7. Importing elements from project to project
      2m 54s
  7. 24m 15s
    1. Understanding the basic editing techniques in the Arrange window
      7m 5s
    2. Tips for editing and arranging
      3m 21s
    3. Editing and merging regions in the Arrange window
      3m 45s
    4. Mastering fades for audio region arranging
      4m 58s
    5. Fixing and morphing sound with the Sample Editor
      5m 6s
  8. 11m 12s
    1. Working with notes and composing in the Score Editor
      4m 26s
    2. Editing notes, keys, and time signatures
      3m 35s
    3. Creating scores and lead sheets for musicians
      3m 11s
  9. 9m 8s
    1. Setting up for a sync video project
      4m 50s
    2. Scoring music to video
      4m 18s
  10. 56m 32s
    1. Mixing philosophies and five tools for mixing
      3m 37s
    2. Setting up for a mix
      5m 11s
    3. Directing audio traffic with fader levels
      5m 7s
    4. Exploring Logic's panning features
      4m 37s
    5. Exploring inserts: Using EQ as a mix tool
      6m 51s
    6. Exploring inserts: Using compression as a mix tool
      5m 38s
    7. Using advanced signal flow with aux and send tracks
      3m 12s
    8. Using advanced signal flow with time-based FX to create space in your mix
      3m 44s
    9. Using automation to create dynamic mixes
      6m 22s
    10. Giving your mix life with automation
      2m 45s
    11. Optimizing performance with freeze tracks
      4m 42s
    12. Using channel strips for audio processing
      4m 46s
  11. 16m 7s
    1. Understanding surround hardware requirements
      4m 5s
    2. Building surround mixing workflows
      6m 17s
    3. Using the surround panner
      5m 45s
  12. 15m 48s
    1. Bouncing down your song
      5m 31s
    2. Understanding why alt mixes are a good idea
      2m 22s
    3. Exploring Logic's export options
      3m 37s
    4. Mastering your own Logic project
      4m 18s
  13. 37s
    1. Goodbye
      37s

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