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Virtual Instruments in Logic Pro

Looping with the vector envelope


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Virtual Instruments in Logic Pro

with Brian Trifon

Video: Looping with the vector envelope

Let's take a look at the looping features in the Vector envelope of ES2. So I'm going to load in a sound here. So up at the top, I am going to go to Load Setting. Then on the Desktop, in the Exercise Files folder, under ES2, we have got this Preset folder, and here I'm going to select this 07_10_vector preset. So this sound, I've got all three oscillators active, and if I just play with the mixed triangle so you can hear-- (music playing) --each oscillator is tuned a bit differently, and that way we can really hear the contrast between them.
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  1. 6m 59s
    1. Welcome
      2m 21s
    2. Setting up Logic Pro for using virtual instruments and configuring MIDI controllers
      4m 5s
    3. Using the exercise files
      33s
  2. 21m 50s
    1. Getting started with the ES M
      1m 13s
    2. Understanding the signal flow of the ES M
      2m 18s
    3. Using the oscillator
      3m 4s
    4. Tone shaping with the lowpass filter
      2m 59s
    5. Using the volume controls
      3m 5s
    6. Using the Filter envelope to adjust cutoff
      3m 22s
    7. Composing with the ES M
      5m 49s
  3. 26m 16s
    1. Getting started with the ES E
      1m 15s
    2. Understanding the signal flow of the ES E
      2m 5s
    3. Selecting a waveform
      2m 9s
    4. Using the Vibrato/PWM dial
      2m 15s
    5. Using the ES E lowpass filter
      2m 43s
    6. Shaping the amplitude with the Attack and Release envelope
      3m 10s
    7. Shaping the filter with the Attack and Release envelope
      3m 55s
    8. Using the Chorus and Ensemble settings
      2m 1s
    9. Composing with the ES E
      6m 43s
  4. 39m 0s
    1. Getting started with the ES P
      1m 54s
    2. Understanding the signal flow of the ES P
      2m 22s
    3. Balancing the oscillator levels
      4m 7s
    4. Enabling key follow on the filter
      6m 9s
    5. Shaping the volume with the ADSR
      6m 20s
    6. Modulating the cutoff with the ADSR
      3m 48s
    7. Using the Vibrato/Wah control
      3m 23s
    8. Tweaking the Overdrive and Chorus settings
      2m 34s
    9. Composing with the ES P
      8m 23s
  5. 1h 19m
    1. Getting started with the ES1
      2m 8s
    2. Exploring the signal flow of the ES1
      3m 31s
    3. Using the oscillator and sub-oscillator
      3m 58s
    4. Tweaking the filter
      6m 36s
    5. Using key follow on the cutoff
      5m 25s
    6. Exploring the amplifier section and ADSR
      7m 42s
    7. Modulating the cutoff with ADSR
      4m 9s
    8. Creating movement with the LFO
      14m 18s
    9. Using the Modulation envelope to add contour
      13m 31s
    10. Using the Glide and the Global Voices settings
      4m 30s
    11. Using the side chain input and LFO external feature
      4m 34s
    12. Composing with the ES1
      9m 20s
  6. 48m 8s
    1. Getting started with EFM1
      1m 51s
    2. FM synthesis basics and signal flow
      3m 21s
    3. Setting the carrier pitch
      2m 56s
    4. Changing timbre with the modulator
      6m 2s
    5. Using the volume and modulation envelope to shape the sound
      9m 55s
    6. Adding movement with the LFO
      2m 59s
    7. Using unison, detune and sub osc for thick sounds
      3m 22s
    8. Randomize, do you feel lucky today?
      3m 47s
    9. Assigning MIDI controls to FM
      3m 38s
    10. Composing with the EFM1
      10m 17s
  7. 46m 4s
    1. Getting Started with EVOC 20
      2m 9s
    2. Vocoding Basics: Making your synth sing!
      3m 14s
    3. Exploring the synthesis section
      4m 47s
    4. Managing the Global voice settings
      4m 39s
    5. Using the filterbank section to shape the vocoded sounds
      5m 34s
    6. Tweaking the formants and adding movement with the LFO's
      5m 26s
    7. Getting more intelligible results with U/V detection
      3m 52s
    8. Making your beats melodic: vocoding drums
      3m 38s
    9. Composing with the EVOC 20
      12m 45s
  8. 1h 28m
    1. Getting Started with ES2
      3m 33s
    2. Exploring the ES2 Oscillators and Mix Triangle
      9m 7s
    3. Tweaking the ES2 filters to shape expressive sounds
      7m 11s
    4. Series or Parallel?
      6m 34s
    5. Understanding the amplifier effects
      3m 45s
    6. Bringing life to ES2 with the modulation router
      4m 50s
    7. Creating rhythmic movement with the LFO's
      10m 8s
    8. Using the 3 envelopes to give shape to your sounds
      8m 13s
    9. Create evolving sounds with basic vector modulation
      5m 37s
    10. Looping with the vector envelope
      8m 17s
    11. Voice parameters and global settings
      7m 15s
    12. Making changes to your macro and MIDI controls
      3m 29s
    13. Composing with the ES2
      10m 26s
  9. 1h 15m
    1. Getting Started with EXS24
      3m 29s
    2. Create your own sample instruments the easy way
      5m 4s
    3. Exploring single zone sample instruments
      4m 29s
    4. Creating multiple zone instruments
      5m 9s
    5. Adding dynamics with velocity layers
      5m 46s
    6. Organizing zones with groups
      7m 4s
    7. Advanced zone editing and looping
      5m 21s
    8. Using the filter section to shape your sampled sounds
      7m 3s
    9. Using transpose and glide to add expression to EXS24
      5m 22s
    10. Adding life and expression with the modulation
      7m 33s
    11. Further shaping with the envelopes
      6m 35s
    12. Adjusting Global voice settings
      3m 14s
    13. Composing with the EXS24
      9m 5s
  10. 59m 45s
    1. Getting started with EVB3
      3m 59s
    2. Synthesizing with the Drawbars
      3m 10s
    3. Utilizing the Preset Keys and Morph Wheel
      4m 31s
    4. Adding Vibrato and Percussion Parameters
      4m 43s
    5. Customizing the Pitch and Condition Parameters
      7m 0s
    6. Adjusting the Organ and Sustain Parameters
      6m 6s
    7. Using the EVB3 effects
      5m 43s
    8. Modulating sound with the Leslie Rotor Cabinet
      7m 49s
    9. Setting the extended parameters
      5m 17s
    10. Composing with the EVB3
      11m 27s
  11. 19m 52s
    1. Getting Started with EVP88
      2m 46s
    2. Selecting a piano model
      1m 17s
    3. Adjusting the model parameters
      2m 38s
    4. Setting the tuning parameters
      1m 54s
    5. Adding effects to thicken the sound
      4m 40s
    6. Musical example
      6m 37s
  12. 29m 15s
    1. Getting Started with EVD6
      2m 29s
    2. Choosing the instrument model
      3m 41s
    3. Customizing the string parameters
      4m 25s
    4. Adjusting pickup configuration and position
      3m 49s
    5. Using the EVD6 Effects
      5m 24s
    6. Composing with the EVD6
      9m 27s
  13. 1h 57m
    1. Getting Started with Sculpture
      4m 53s
    2. Setting the string characteristics with the Material Pad
      8m 26s
    3. Exciting the string with objects
      8m 52s
    4. Adjusting the Pickups and Global Voice Settings
      8m 10s
    5. Shaping sound with the Amp Envelope
      4m 24s
    6. Saturating sound with the Wave Shaper
      3m 42s
    7. Sculpting with the filter
      7m 37s
    8. Adding depth to the stereo delay
      5m 18s
    9. Understanding the Body EQ
      6m 34s
    10. Modulating with the LFO's
      8m 9s
    11. Using the Vibrato, Velocity and Controllers
      6m 40s
    12. Introducing the Control Envelope
      6m 15s
    13. Recording the Envelope Shape with a MIDI Controller
      5m 57s
    14. Looping with the Control Envelopes
      5m 46s
    15. Transitioning between settings the Morph Pad
      6m 10s
    16. Employing the Morph Envelope
      9m 48s
    17. Composing with Sculpture
      10m 52s
  14. 2h 4m
    1. Getting started with Ultrabeat
      2m 54s
    2. Exploring the Assignment section
      6m 22s
    3. Importing settings into Ultrabeat
      4m 19s
    4. Synthesizing with Oscillator 2
      7m 42s
    5. Using Oscillator 1 and the noise generator
      4m 36s
    6. Shaping with the envelopes
      7m 21s
    7. Filtering and setting distortion
      8m 36s
    8. Adding movement with the LFOs
      8m 23s
    9. Refining the sound with EQ in the Output section
      6m 10s
    10. Building a kick drum
      8m 18s
    11. Synthesizing a snare drum
      8m 31s
    12. Creating a hi-hat
      4m 34s
    13. Introduction to the step sequencer
      5m 54s
    14. Sequencing in the step sequencer
      7m 18s
    15. Working with the playback options
      5m 1s
    16. Sequencing automation in Step Edit mode
      5m 3s
    17. Utilizing the side chain
      9m 2s
    18. Composing with Ultrabeat
      14m 13s
  15. 7m 24s
    1. Introducing and composing with the Klopfgeist
      7m 24s
  16. 1m 12s
    1. What's next?
      1m 12s

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Virtual Instruments in Logic Pro
13h 10m Intermediate Nov 09, 2011 Updated Mar 14, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Join author Brian Trifon as he shows how to improve music and audio productions using virtual instruments in Logic Pro. This course tours the program's virtual instruments, including the ES2 hybrid synthesizer, Sculpture physical modeling synthesizer, EFM1 FM synthesizer, the EVOC 20 vocoder, the Ultrabeat drum synthesizer, and the EXS24 sampler, and shows how to achieve various effects with each instrument's parameters. The course also covers working with oscillators and filters, understanding signal flow, creating custom synthesizer patches, adding effects, synthesizing speech, creating a library of custom sound samples, and much more.

Virtual Instruments with Logic Pro will be updating on a monthly basis, eventually covering all the virtual instruments in the application. Look for the latest movies here and on the lynda.com blog.

Topics include:
  • Setting up Logic Pro for using virtual instruments
  • Configuring MIDI controllers
  • Composing with virtual instruments envelopes
  • Tweaking the overdrive and chorus
  • Creating movement with LFOs (Low Frequency Oscillators)
  • Understanding FM synthesis basics
  • Changing the timbre and shifting the formants of the vocoder
  • Constructing custom sampler kits
  • Exploring the tonewheel organ, electric piano, and Ultrabeat drum synthesizer
Subjects:
Audio + Music Audio Plug-Ins Virtual Instruments
Software:
Logic Pro
Author:
Brian Trifon

Looping with the vector envelope

Let's take a look at the looping features in the Vector envelope of ES2. So I'm going to load in a sound here. So up at the top, I am going to go to Load Setting. Then on the Desktop, in the Exercise Files folder, under ES2, we have got this Preset folder, and here I'm going to select this 07_10_vector preset. So this sound, I've got all three oscillators active, and if I just play with the mixed triangle so you can hear-- (music playing) --each oscillator is tuned a bit differently, and that way we can really hear the contrast between them.

So the Vector envelope, I am going to go ahead and click to that, and the first thing I want to do is actually turn on the Vector mode, so I'm going to set it to Mix+XY, because I want to be able to control this mix triangle, as well as XY pad with the Vector envelope. So first thing I am going to do is add some more points to the envelope. So I can Shift+Click and add in points or if I Ctrl+Click, what I can do is select this Initialized 8/8 Loop. So what that's going to do is create eight different nodes and then automatically puts it in the loop mode of Forward, whereas before it was just set to Off.

So what I'm going to do is setup a sound for each of these eight nodes. So I'm going to Solo point. Then I'm going to adjust the settings for the mix triangle on the XY pad. First I'm actually going to want to set my targets for the XY pad. So for X, I'm going to set that to Oscillator1Wave, what that's going to control is the amount of is the amount of FM modulation between Oscillator 2 and Oscillator 1. For the Y target, I'm going to set the filter Cutoff 1. So filter 1 set to a bandpass, it's going to adjust the filter cutoff for that. So then I'll give both these some intensity as well. So I'll set this to around 0.5 or so, and same with the Cutoff; I'll set it to a little over 0.5. And so what this is going to sound like is if I'm playing a note and I move this horizontally, so across the x axis, you will hear the FM amount changes between Oscillators 1 and 2, and if I move vertically, you can hear the bandpass filter of the cutoff being adjusted.

(music playing) And then if I move this is in diagonally, we're getting an interaction between both of those, so it's pretty cool! Let's set 0.1. First we'll adjust the Mix triangle, (music playing) and then the X Y. (music playing) Okay, and then I'll do the second node, so we'll adjust the Mix triangle first. And I'm going to try to find some of these sounds different, so I can really hear the contrast between each point. (music playing) So I'll go all the way to Oscillator 3 and we'll adjust the XY, get something kind of bright happening here.

(music playing) And then for the third point, set the balance of the mix triangle to Oscillator 2. (music playing) Something kind of resonate- sounding, and then do the fourth point. (music playing) And then the fifth point here. (music playing) And then we'll just do one more point, a sixth point. (music playing) So if I want my loop to end here, what I'm going to is move the sustain flag for the sixth point, so now what's going to happen is our loop is going to be between this first L flag and the S flag.

I'll turn off Solo point, and then we can hear our loop play through the first six nodes. (music playing) So right now, I can hear it stepping through each one, and we have a couple different parameters that we can adjust to adjust how the loop is going to play back. The first thing we've got is this envelope mode and I'm going to come back to that. There are two different modes, but these have to do with the release stage of the envelope. The curve is how it's going to get from one node to the next.

Right now it's on hold and step, and you can hear that it just kind of jumps between settings. (music playing) So I can adjust this here and I've got all these different modes. There is concave. There's a linear one here, so it's going to be a linear transition. (music playing) It's much smoother, right, and then there are some convex ones. (music playing) And then like I said before, a concave. So it's definitely worth exploring all of those. There is a whole bunch.

Right now, I'm going to set this just to linear, and I have got a couple different loop modes as well. So right now, we're in Forward loop mode. I can also have this loop backwards so that the loop is going to start at the 6th point and go back to the first and so on. (music playing) Or I can have it loop forward and then backwards; that's the alternate. (music playing) So all those different loop modes. And then you can also adjust the number of times it is going to play through the loops. So right now, it's infinite, so as long as hold the knob, it's going to loop through that section of the Vector envelope.

If I only want it to loop through it two times, I can set this Loop Count to 2. So it will play through it two times, and then it will sustain where I have my sustain flag, at the sixth node. (music playing) Right, so now it's sustaining. I also have a Loop Smooth here, and what that's going to do is adjust the transition between the end of the loop-- so this 6 point--and the beginning. I'm going to set our Loop Count back to infinite, and then I'm going to turn off Loop Smooth and you can hear that the transition between the end and the beginning of the loop is a little bit more abrupt.

(music playing) Now you can really hear that loop is more obvious. If I turn up loop smoothing, it just makes that a bit of a smoother transition. (music playing) Okay, next to that, we can adjust the Loop Rate, so this is how fast it's going to read through the loop. Right now it's set to 1 measure, but I can adjust that here and make that faster, so I can have this all happen over the course of a quarter note. (music playing) Or even faster.

16th. Or if you want a long evolving transition, you can set this all the way to 32 measures. If I move this to the right here, it's not going to be synchronized to the beat anymore; it's in cycles per second. So I could set that to two cycles per second. (music playing) And that's how fast this is going to loop through. So you can set this back to 1 bar here. Then let's take a look at that Envelope mode. In order to really hear what's happening with this, I have to adjust the release time of the amp envelope, so I'm going to give this a bit of release.

So now when I play and I let go, you can hear the sound releases. In normal mode, what's happening is when I'm sustaining, it's going through the Vector envelope through the loop. As soon as I let go, basically what happens is it's going to release from the sixth node onward, and then it's just going to fade out. So I'll demonstrate that. So it's playing through the loop, and then I let go. You can hear I just releases from the 6the point onward.

If I adjust this to Finish mode, when I let go of the note, so I'm playing it now and sustaining, when I release it, it continues to cycle through the loop portion as it fades out, so that's the difference between those two. We explored how to create and edit a loop with a Vector envelope, and that really opens up a lot of possibilities in terms of adding movement and complexity to the sound. In the next video let's explore the global and voicing settings in the ES2.

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