Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Get in the Mix: Chorus

From: Foundations of Audio: Delay and Modulation

Video: Get in the Mix: Chorus

An alternative name for the heavy use of modulated Chorus is the kind of pop polish that Chorus plugins provide us delay processors tailor made for Listen as I increase the delay time on this chorus effect to a That's sounding more interesting.

Get in the Mix: Chorus

An alternative name for the heavy use of modulated medium delays to simulate more than one player is chorus. The idea is that through the use of several different modulating delays in the 20 to 50 millisecond range, one could transform a single track into the sound of several voices. The delays simulate other voices singing along but phrasing things a bit late, humanly out of sync. The modulation of those delays introduces small amounts of pitch shift, creating the illusion of a natural amount of pitch variation for these added simulated performers.

No two performers sing with identical pitch and phrasing, and 40 singers would create 40 unique sounds, even as they try to sing together. Modulated medium delays evoke the sound of several simultaneous performers, converting one voice into a choir. Thus, the term chorus. Naturally, stacking up 39 medium delays around one single live vocalist will not convincingly sound like a choir of 40 different people. Think of it instead as a special electronic effect, not an acoustic simulation.

And it isn't just for vocals. While we might instinctively avoid walking into a room with 40 actual guitarists, it turns out that the chorus effect on a single guitar track makes it richer and lusher, converting a six string guitar into a twelve string like sound. Chorus is the kind of pop polish that fits into certain mixes, and plan to get creative because there's no reason we can't apply this mix move to bass, keys, or any other track. Chorus plugins provide us delay processors tailor made for providing multiple modulated delays with feedback and filtering possibilities.

I'll add a chorus effect to transform a two-part harmony into a richer sounding full chorus of singers. Here's the original unaffected track. Listen as I increase the delay time on this chorus effect to a spot that sounds appealing, and makes it sound like more than two singers. That's sounding more interesting. When the delay time's too long, it reveals the effect too much and sounds like a studio gimmick. Too short and the vocal starts to sound phasey and psychedelic. The happy middle ground does the best job of sounding like more people are actually singing.

Okay, I admit it. There're times when the sound of a studio gimmick or a psychedelic phasey quality is desirable. I don't mean to suggest the other delay times are wrong. Just that they aren't exactly what I'm going for now. We make these kinds of decisions track by track and tune by tune whenever we mix. Adjusting the modulation rate and depth also reveals settings which expand that continuum from obvious to not so obvious, synthesized to natural. Listen as I tweak the modulation parameters. Again, here I'm going for the most natural sound possible.

Some chorus plugins let you pull out the lows from the effect, and when they don't, I often insert a separate one. The purpose of a low cut filter is let the source tracks themselves be the sole source of low-end warmth for the vocals. Introducing multiple medium delays will cause variable amounts of phased bass increases and decreases in level for the slowly moving low frequencies. While this is embraced when we go for flanging effects, it undermines our purpose here. So I find it helpful to cut some lows, especially for what happens next. This chorus effect is built on two modulated delays.

One singer becomes three, the original plus these two delays. In this way, two singers become six. For the illusion of even more singers and the pleasure of listening to a larger than life cluster of voices, we can make the chorus effect richer by simply adding more voices. Let's listen to that in the context of the mix. Of course, this is a mere starting point You owe it to yourself to experiment further. Chorus comes in countless flavors, found by exploring a vast range of parameter settings available to you.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Foundations of Audio: Delay and Modulation
Foundations of Audio: Delay and Modulation

32 video lessons · 8682 viewers

Alex U. Case
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 4m 58s
    1. Welcome
      1m 40s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      50s
    3. How to use the exercise files
      54s
    4. Using the "Get In the Mix" Pro Tools session files
      1m 34s
  2. 25m 46s
    1. What is delay?
      2m 7s
    2. Creating delay effects overview
      1m 41s
    3. Delay time, level, and feedback parameters
      3m 0s
    4. Utilizing a low-pass filter and polarity reverse
      3m 7s
    5. Setting up an effects loop for delay
      1m 6s
    6. Setting up an effects loop in a DAW
      5m 40s
    7. Setting the delay time by tempo
      5m 40s
    8. Setting the delay time by ear
      3m 25s
  3. 31m 29s
    1. Overview of short, medium, and long delays
      3m 49s
    2. Long delays
      3m 17s
    3. Get in the Mix: Using long delay on key lyrics
      7m 2s
    4. Get in the Mix: Establishing groove with long delays
      8m 42s
    5. Get in the Mix: Creating slap-back echo with long delays
      6m 6s
    6. Advanced tape-delay effects
      2m 33s
  4. 49m 48s
    1. LFO
      2m 39s
    2. Get in the Mix: Modulation rate and depth
      7m 32s
    3. Get in the Mix: Modulation shape
      7m 43s
    4. Delay effects examples in various plug-ins
      3m 52s
    5. Medium delays
      3m 52s
    6. Get in the Mix: Chorus
      5m 54s
    7. Get in the Mix: Double tracking
      6m 23s
    8. Get in the Mix: Spreaders and thickeners
      11m 53s
  5. 16m 31s
    1. Constructive and destructive interference
      2m 16s
    2. Short delays
      1m 6s
    3. Get in the Mix: Creating a comb filter and a flange effect
      5m 34s
    4. Get in the Mix: Flanger and phaser effects
      7m 35s
  6. 19m 11s
    1. Using delays in a real-world mix
      16m 59s
    2. Course summary and goodbye
      2m 12s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Foundations of Audio: Delay and Modulation.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.