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In Logic Pro 9 Essential Training, Scott Hirsch explains how to harness the power and flexibility of Logic Pro, Apple’s popular songwriting software, to record, edit, and mix music. The course includes instruction on how to compose in Logic Pro, and spend more time being creative and less time dealing with technical uncertainties. Scott focuses on setting up a workspace, recording with both live performers and digital instruments, editing and arranging, and mixing and mastering a composition. Exercise files accompany the course.
Copies and loops of song elements used to be an arduous process, involving generational loss, dubbing and tape splicing. In Logic, copies of multiple iterations of regions are a breeze in the Arrange window. Let's check it out. When you are working with regions, don't forget about the Region Parameter box. You can use the Region Parameter box to loop any region for the rest of the song, or until it hits the next region in its track. Let's try this on the Bridge region here. Select the region, go up to the Region Parameter box and click Loop. As you can see, it looped that region all the way until it hit the next region.
If that region wasn't there, it would loop all the way to the end of the song and we know it's the end of the song by the End of the Song marker. It's the square box in the bar ruler. That's an easy way to loop, but let's see some other ways. I will turn that off. You can always loop a region by going in the upper corner of the region and pulling out a loop. This way, you have control over how many loops you make. You can also pull it back at any time. Another way to repeat regions is to use Command+R. If the region is still selected, type Command+R on your keyboard.
This allows you to manually type in how many copies you want to make. Let's make 14 copies of this region. You can choose different adjustment options, which allow you to keep a shorter region on the grid, at every bar or beat, for example, or you can just leave it at Auto and Logic will automatically put them where it sees fit. You also have the option to choose Copies or Aliases. Copies will make 14 independent copies of your region. Aliases, or clones, are a little different. They're like copies, except they will follow any changes you make to the original.
So, if I make 14 aliases or clones, I will get some different looking regions out here. They are different because their names are in italics. That indicates to us that they are aliases or clones. It also means that if we edit any MIDI information in the original region, all of these clones will follow that edit. For audio regions, if you choose Aliases or Clones, a clone will be made. Let's choose Aliases or Clones on an audio region. We will select the shaker region and we will type Command+R. Let's make two aliases, or clones, of this shaker region. We'll zoom out a little bit to see them.
Because we made aliases, or clones, and not copies, when we trim one of these regions, they're all trim together. You can always trim a region by going into the bottom right of the region, clicking and dragging to left or right. Notice how since they are clones, all the regions follow that edit. Once you have made edits or loops in the Arrange window, you may eventually wish to consolidate these into one region. This is called merging. There is a tool for this. It's the Glue tool. Let's select all of the aliases we made in the drums track here, click and drag a selection around them.
Now if I hit Escape, I can choose my Glue tool and all I need to do is click on any one of these regions. It merges them all into one mini region. Merging audio regions is slightly different than that. For example, if I use the Scissor tool to make some splices in the acoustic track, but I don't move anything around, I can easily merge those back together, just like the MIDI region. Select your Pointer tool, select those regions, select the Glue tool, and click. But if you are wanting to combine several different regions that have been moved around, merging will have to write a new file.
I can show you this on the steel regions here. Let's select them. Now if I use the Glue tool to merge them, Logic will give me a warning. It tells me a new file has to be made. It's okay. Let's hit Create. It's actually good that this happens. This way nothing is overwritten. You still have access to the original pieces in the audio bin if you need them. Mastering region editing in the Arrange window is the gateway to creating great arrangements. When you are working under a deadline, it helps to know how to edit quickly and precisely.
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