Logic Pro 9 Essential Training
Illustration by John Hersey

Conforming tempo, region to session, or session to region


Logic Pro 9 Essential Training

with Scott Hirsch

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Video: Conforming tempo, region to session, or session to region

When you are using loops and samples that you or someone else recorded, you might not always know the tempo of the loop you are dropping into your project. Logic has some ways to deal with this issue. Let's listen to the song we have going. (Music playing.) It's a nice little 8 bar arrangement, but it needs some drums.
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  1. 1m 55s
    1. Welcome
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 5s
  2. 17m 39s
    1. Installing the software
      3m 19s
    2. Launching Logic for the first time, using the templates
      5m 15s
    3. Understanding audio interfaces
      3m 35s
    4. Understanding MIDI interfaces
      5m 30s
  3. 32m 15s
    1. Getting to know the Arrange window
      5m 15s
    2. Using the many windows of Logic
      4m 13s
    3. Creating your own screensets
      2m 23s
    4. Using the Transport window and controlling playback
      4m 54s
    5. Using the Toolbox
      2m 37s
    6. Naming tracks and regions
      3m 27s
    7. Learning useful and custom key commands
      5m 18s
    8. Saving and going mobile with your project
      4m 8s
  4. 41m 41s
    1. Setting up for recording
      5m 43s
    2. Understanding Metronome settings or the click track
      4m 7s
    3. Understanding tempo
      4m 37s
    4. Recording live instruments and vocals using multitrack recording
      3m 56s
    5. Playing with guitar madness: Amp design
      5m 13s
    6. Playing with guitar madness: Pedal board
      4m 5s
    7. Working with takes recording and comping
      4m 51s
    8. Punching in to replace bad audio
      4m 51s
    9. Using Varispeed to create an old tape machine sound
      4m 18s
  5. 1h 8m
    1. Understanding MIDI
      4m 41s
    2. Using the Logic synth instruments
      7m 4s
    3. Working with the emulator instruments
      5m 23s
    4. Using the EXS24 sampler
      3m 7s
    5. Building tracks with Ultrabeat
      5m 31s
    6. Using channel strips to select a virtual sound
      5m 29s
    7. Understanding the basics of MIDI recording
      4m 38s
    8. Learning how to use MIDI with Cycle Record
      4m 9s
    9. Using Logic's step input
      4m 3s
    10. Mastering quantization
      6m 18s
    11. Working in the Piano Scroll window
      5m 33s
    12. Editing controller messages with Hyper View
      4m 8s
    13. Working with the Hyper Editor
      5m 29s
    14. Working with the Events List
      3m 20s
  6. 29m 49s
    1. Importing prerecorded audio into Logic
      4m 5s
    2. Exploring Apple Loops
      4m 40s
    3. Creating your own Apple Loop
      4m 21s
    4. Conforming tempo, region to session, or session to region
      3m 51s
    5. Using the new Flex Time feature
      5m 17s
    6. Beat mapping your project
      4m 41s
    7. Importing elements from project to project
      2m 54s
  7. 24m 15s
    1. Understanding the basic editing techniques in the Arrange window
      7m 5s
    2. Tips for editing and arranging
      3m 21s
    3. Editing and merging regions in the Arrange window
      3m 45s
    4. Mastering fades for audio region arranging
      4m 58s
    5. Fixing and morphing sound with the Sample Editor
      5m 6s
  8. 11m 12s
    1. Working with notes and composing in the Score Editor
      4m 26s
    2. Editing notes, keys, and time signatures
      3m 35s
    3. Creating scores and lead sheets for musicians
      3m 11s
  9. 9m 8s
    1. Setting up for a sync video project
      4m 50s
    2. Scoring music to video
      4m 18s
  10. 56m 32s
    1. Mixing philosophies and five tools for mixing
      3m 37s
    2. Setting up for a mix
      5m 11s
    3. Directing audio traffic with fader levels
      5m 7s
    4. Exploring Logic's panning features
      4m 37s
    5. Exploring inserts: Using EQ as a mix tool
      6m 51s
    6. Exploring inserts: Using compression as a mix tool
      5m 38s
    7. Using advanced signal flow with aux and send tracks
      3m 12s
    8. Using advanced signal flow with time-based FX to create space in your mix
      3m 44s
    9. Using automation to create dynamic mixes
      6m 22s
    10. Giving your mix life with automation
      2m 45s
    11. Optimizing performance with freeze tracks
      4m 42s
    12. Using channel strips for audio processing
      4m 46s
  11. 16m 7s
    1. Understanding surround hardware requirements
      4m 5s
    2. Building surround mixing workflows
      6m 17s
    3. Using the surround panner
      5m 45s
  12. 15m 48s
    1. Bouncing down your song
      5m 31s
    2. Understanding why alt mixes are a good idea
      2m 22s
    3. Exploring Logic's export options
      3m 37s
    4. Mastering your own Logic project
      4m 18s
  13. 37s
    1. Goodbye

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Watch the Online Video Course Logic Pro 9 Essential Training
5h 25m Beginner Mar 09, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Logic Pro 9 Essential Training, Scott Hirsch explains how to harness the power and flexibility of Logic Pro, Apple’s popular songwriting software, to record, edit, and mix music. The course includes instruction on how to compose in Logic Pro, and spend more time being creative and less time dealing with technical uncertainties. Scott focuses on setting up a workspace, recording with both live performers and digital instruments, editing and arranging, and mixing and mastering a composition. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Navigating the Logic Pro interface
  • Setting up for recording
  • Enabling multiple inputs for a live performance
  • Exploring Logic's arsenal of virtual instruments
  • Working with powerful MIDI editors and sequencers
  • Beatmapping, varispeed, and tempo adjustment in the timeline
  • Creating and re-using Apple loops
  • Editing music: Moving and snapping regions, cutting and looping
  • Transcribing a score and creating lead sheets in the Score Editor
  • Syncing with video
  • Mixing audio and creating dynamic mixes
  • Understanding surround sound requirements
  • Exporting a song from Logic Pro
Audio + Music
Logic Pro
Scott Hirsch

Conforming tempo, region to session, or session to region

When you are using loops and samples that you or someone else recorded, you might not always know the tempo of the loop you are dropping into your project. Logic has some ways to deal with this issue. Let's listen to the song we have going. (Music playing.) It's a nice little 8 bar arrangement, but it needs some drums.

Over in our browser, we have something called dope beat 2 bar. Let's click on it to hear it. Hit the Play button if it doesn't play automatically. (Drums playing.) I like the sound of that. Let's see if it works with our arrangement. I am going to click on it and drag it into the Arrange window, underneath the Jazz Standard track. But actually, before I drop it, I am going to move it to bar 3. I can use the handy pop-up indicator to tell me when I am at bar 3 and then let go of the mouse. Okay. Let's see how this works with our song.

Click back in the Arrange window and hit Play. (Music playing.) Sounds kind of like a train wreck. Something is not right. I don't think this dope beat 2 bar is the right tempo for our song. Remember, our song's tempo is at 100, but we don't know what the tempo of the dope beat 2 bar region is. We are going to use Logic as a detective to find this out. We do know that the dope beat 2 bar 2 is two bars long.

So we need to make a 2 bar cycle up in our bar ruler, from bar 3 to bar 5. Let's drag the edges of the cycle region to do that. Now select dope beat 2 bar region. Go up to the Options menu, under Tempo, and say Adjust Tempo using Region Length and Locators. There's also a quick key command for this, Command+T. What this does is it looks at what we are saying is 2 bars, then looks at our region and conforms the Global Tempo of the Logic project to match. It's going to ask us if we want to change the tempo of the Project globally? That's what we want to do. So click Globally.

Notice the project tempo just switched to 90.0003. That's what the tempo of our dope beat 2 bar is. The whole project has changed its Global Tempo to match. Let's see if it works. (Music playing.) Sounds right! But what if we really wanted the tempo of our project to be 100. What are our options? Let's go back to 100. Again, now the region's back out of time. But this time, we are going to conform the region itself to the project tempo of 100.

For this, we will use the time stretch algorithm. Make sure the Region is still selected, then go up to Audio > Time Stretch Region to Locators. This will look at our region and time stretch it to the 2 bar cycle we already have selected. Notice it actually wrote a new file. If you look in our browser, there's now the original dope beat 2 bar and there's a new dope beat 2 bar.1. That's our newly time stretched audio file. Let's see if it works. Remember, our BPM is now back at 100. (Music playing.) Great! It worked.

I want to make a note here that this is different than Flex Time or Apple Loops. This is actually writing a new file and time stretching it to match our locators. So now you know how to deal with a sample or a loop that is from an unknown tempo. It's your choice whether you want to make the Global Tempo of this session changed to match your new tempo, or if you want to use the time machine, like we did, to adjust the tempo of the sample or loop to match a set tempo. Keep in mind, with Flex Time and Apple Loops there are other ways to nondestructively change the tempo of an audio region.

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