Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Chord changes and harmonic structure

From: Remixing a Song in Logic Pro

Video: Chord changes and harmonic structure

Now that we've pulled in our drum loops and we have a sense of what the backbeat of the track is going to be, it's time to get into the musical changes. This is the point of the remixing process where I will mute out everything except for the original song. And I will also create a piano track so that I am able to play with the original version and get a handle on what the chord changes are. So I will create a software instrument and I will choose a Steinway Studio Piano.

Chord changes and harmonic structure

Now that we've pulled in our drum loops and we have a sense of what the backbeat of the track is going to be, it's time to get into the musical changes. This is the point of the remixing process where I will mute out everything except for the original song. And I will also create a piano track so that I am able to play with the original version and get a handle on what the chord changes are. So I will create a software instrument and I will choose a Steinway Studio Piano.

Hit B to close the Audio Bin and let's take a listen to the original and here's my piano sound. (Music playing) Okay, and we're going to listen to the original and I'm not going to worry about the chords just yet, I'm going to worry about single notes, I like to listen for the baseline of the original and get a handle on what that baseline is doing before I get into programming my own baseline for remix. So here's the original. (Music playing) So as I'm listening to the chord changes of the original, I hear that the baseline is basically playing B to G to E. And I'll expand upon that and actually play full chords with it to make sure that I actually have the right chords.

Chords are essentially two or more notes being played simultaneously, so these are just octaves. B and a B but I'm actually going to expand it and play full chords where play a B minor chord, and you can see down in the Transport Window that as I play those notes right above the No Out in the lower right corner of the Transport next to the CPU Meter there is a B m. The lowercase m next to the letter B stands for minor.

So let's roll back and listen to the chords again. (Music playing) Second chord is G major, third chord is E minor, fourth chord is F# major. Now I've listened to the original enough to know that basically the same four chords are used for the entire song.

So I actually don't need to scan up further into the song to check to see if there are some chord changes that I might want to be aware of prior to programming the baseline and the keyboards, but I do encourage you to listen all the way through the song and make sure that you're not missing any chord changes. This is a very important part of the process. I have heard many, many, many people actually put the music in a different key than the original song, and you're not doing yourself or the artist any favors by creating a musical track that's in the wrong key.

So prior to programming the baseline it's essential that you spend a few minutes and get a handle on what the chord structure is of the original and then you can start with the original chords as a base set of cord changes to put underneath a vocal. I actually very rarely use the original cord changes in a remix. I will search for different harmonic solutions that will work underneath the vocal that very rarely are the exact same changes as the original. But for this song they feel good, they feel like the right chord changes to my ears, and so I'm going to go ahead and go with those cord changes as the chord changes for the remix.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Remixing a Song in Logic Pro
Remixing a Song in Logic Pro

35 video lessons · 6690 viewers

Josh Harris
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 16m 14s
    1. Welcome
      1m 8s
    2. Using Logic Pro as a remixing environment
      4m 45s
    3. Optimizing Logic's performance and monitoring system usage
      4m 29s
    4. Working with software synths
      3m 15s
    5. Using the exercise files
      58s
    6. Relinking audio files
      1m 39s
  2. 22m 51s
    1. Setting up your session
      2m 34s
    2. Determining and verifying source BPM
      1m 30s
    3. Lining up vocals over a kick drum
      5m 36s
    4. Choosing destination BPM and time-stretching in Flex mode
      4m 30s
    5. Exporting time-stretched vocals and importing into a session
      4m 23s
    6. Thinking about your direction
      4m 18s
  3. 22m 50s
    1. Using Apple Loops
      6m 8s
    2. Auditioning drum loops
      5m 46s
    3. Layering drum loops
      4m 45s
    4. Drum loops and drum programming
      6m 11s
  4. 19m 56s
    1. Chord changes and harmonic structure
      4m 18s
    2. Getting bass sounds and programming bass lines
      8m 50s
    3. Layering bass sounds and side chaining
      6m 48s
  5. 34m 20s
    1. Choosing foundational synth parts and sounds
      11m 46s
    2. Layering synth parts
      10m 21s
    3. Lead line hooks
      5m 37s
    4. Synth candy
      6m 36s
  6. 12m 19s
    1. The importance of arranging
      2m 26s
    2. Arranging your track
      9m 53s
  7. 23m 3s
    1. Creating vocal samples and transitional sounds
      11m 57s
    2. Advanced vocal editing techniques
      5m 44s
    3. Filling holes in the arrangement
      5m 22s
  8. 47m 30s
    1. Mixing philosophies
      6m 30s
    2. Mixing drums and bass
      5m 40s
    3. Mixing synths and transitional sounds
      12m 14s
    4. Mixing vocals
      10m 36s
    5. Final touches, referencing, and mastering your final mix
      5m 17s
    6. Listening to the final mix
      7m 13s
  9. 47s
    1. Final thoughts
      47s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now "Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Remixing a Song in Logic Pro.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.