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So far, we've taken a look at how we can build our own collections. Well, there is another feature inside of Lightroom which takes advantages of some predefined criteria, and it's called Smart Collections. Here you can see that I have this Smart Collections Set. Inside of this cet, I have a few prebuilt Smart Collections. One is based on a label rating, or a star rating, or how frequently, or recently the file was modified, if it's a video file or not. You get the gist. What Smart Collections do is they allow you to create predefined criteria that you can then sort or filter your photographs by.
For example, let's go ahead and create one. We'll click on this Plus icon. We're going to create Smart Collection. We'll put the Smart Collection inside of the Smart Collections Set. What I want to do is I want to find all of my images where the aperture is less than or equal to f / 5.6. I'll go ahead and click Create. What that will do then is it will build this Smart Collection. It will just show me the images that were shot at 5.6 or less. Well, let's say that I decide okay, well, that didn't narrow things down enough for me, or I didn't really like the way that that worked out.
What I need to do is I need to redefine this Smart Collection. The name isn't very good, right? I forgot to rename the file. Well, how can I edit this? Well, all that you need to do is double-click that Smart Collection. That will open up the dialog, and here what I'm going to do is define my F-stop. I'm going to call this now f / 2.8. Type that out correctly there. Let's name this one f / 2/8, as well. Again, I'm just trying to go through the process of updating these. So I've updated my Smart Collection name, and then also the criteria.
Now when I click Save, one of the things you're going to notice is this is going to update what it's displaying here. In this case, it's a much smaller number. You're also noticing that I typically shoot wide open, right? I tend to really like low f-stops, and I shoot in that particular way. What about some other type of Collections, perhaps something a little bit more usable. If we click on the Plus icon here, we're going to create another Smart Collection and this time do it right. What I want to do is include this in my Smart Collections Set.
I'm going to name this one 1 Star. Then from my pulldown menu here, what I'm going to choose is the option which allows me to define a rating. The rating that I want is a one-star rating. I want it to be exactly equal to a one star. You can of course choose a couple other options here. You can say greater than, less than, or greater than or equal to. But the option I'm going to choose is "is" because I just want to see the images with the one-star rating. What this is going to do is look at my entire catalog, and just give me the images where I have a one-star rating.
So as you can imagine, having consistency in regards to your flags, your stars, and your labels is really important, so that you can then create some Smart Collections, which will help out your overall workflow. All right, well, let's go ahead and click Create here. Again, what you're going to see is it's going to build this particular collection to show me that my entire library of photographs only have 14 images with the one-star rating. Well, let's say that we go back to one of our folders here. I'm going to go back to this travel folder.
I decide that this image deserves a 1 Star rating. So I press the 1 key. It now has the one-star rating. Well, you'll notice that this Smart Collection has been updated. It now has 15 images in it. Well, if I decide that - let's zoom in on it - this image is better the one star. I'm going to give it a two-star rating. Well, then you're going to see that has now been removed from the Smart Collection. The whole point here is that Smart Collections are incredibly dynamic and incredibly strong. So far what we've looked at is how we can have perhaps one criteria.
Well, if I double-click this option, I can say I want my images with the one-star rating plus any other of these features. It could be the Filename, the Caption, the Keywords, a Camera et cetera. So you can choose a number of different criteria in order to create a Smart Collection, which really taps into the way that you shoot, and also the way that you organize and process your photographs. Well, in this particular case, I'll go ahead and subtract that, and just save this out. All right, well, one of the things that you're going to want to do is begin to experiment with Smart Collections.
Also, keep in mind that you can take advantage of these here, and create these here in the Library module, but you can also do the same exact thing inside of the Develop module as well.
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