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Understanding color space and preventing color profile mismatch

From: Lightroom 3 Advanced Techniques

Video: Understanding color space and preventing color profile mismatch

Whenever someone discovers Lightroom and starts to use it, invariably a question surfaces about color and color space. The reason this question surfaces is because color is a little bit vague and ambiguous inside of Lightroom. Let me explain. Well, if you're used to working in Photoshop, you know that color profiles and color spaces really matter, and you know about the sRGB color space, which is small, the RGB 1998 space, which is a bit bigger, and then ProPhoto, which is really huge--this huge, wide gamut space.

Understanding color space and preventing color profile mismatch

Whenever someone discovers Lightroom and starts to use it, invariably a question surfaces about color and color space. The reason this question surfaces is because color is a little bit vague and ambiguous inside of Lightroom. Let me explain. Well, if you're used to working in Photoshop, you know that color profiles and color spaces really matter, and you know about the sRGB color space, which is small, the RGB 1998 space, which is a bit bigger, and then ProPhoto, which is really huge--this huge, wide gamut space.

What happens in Lightroom say, for example, with an image like this, when we make changes to it--maybe warming it up, adding some contrast or some clarity? How is that color change taking place and inside of what color space? Well, you can think of Lightroom as a program which is internally color managed. In other words, the color space doesn't matter until you export, or until you pass a file off, say to a program like Photoshop. And you and I already know about this a little bit, right? If you navigate to your Lightroom pulldown menu and go to Preferences and then External Editing, you know that you can pass off a file to Photoshop as a TIFF file in this ProPhoto RGB color space. And this is typically what you want to do, so that you can take advantage of the Lightroom RGB color space, which is internally managed.

So that internal management is then sent to this ProPhoto Space, which passes off to Photoshop, so Photoshop can handle and make sense of that file. Well, occasionally though, we'll run into issues where you may open up an image from Lightroom into Photoshop, and it doesn't look right. Now, why is that? Well, the first thing to check is your External Editing Preferences. So you want to double-check those. The next thing that you need to do is to actually go to Photoshop, and in Photoshop, navigate to your Edit pulldown menu and then choose Color Settings.

Now, the default Photoshop color settings will not cut it. For example, the default color space of sRGB will be much too small. You want to change this to ProPhoto RGB. Next, what we need to do is to turn on our warnings. Let us know what's going to happen if we have a profile mismatch, so that we can decide how to manage that color between Lightroom and Photoshop. Now, if you have this ProPhoto space turned on, you won't have an issue, yet you also just want to know in case there is some kind of a mismatch, you can control that. A little warning dialog will open.

Well, once you've dialed in those settings, you go ahead and click OK, when you go back to Lightroom and then choose Photo > Edit In > Edit in Photoshop CS5--here I'm going to edit a copy with Lightroom adjustments-- what you should see here between these two images is identical color and contrast, et cetera, et cetera. Because we've matched those color spaces up, there isn't a mismatch. It's passing off ProPhoto to ProPhoto, so the color looks great. Now, the last thing that you need to look into is your monitor profile.

Because Lightroom is internally color managed, as long as you have a good monitor color profile, you'll be in good shape as you work in Lightroom. Now, that being said, if you haven't calibrated your monitor, if you haven't created a good monitor profile, then your work in Lightroom may be a little bit off. So the next thing we're going to take a look at is how we can create monitor profiles in order to really tighten up our overall color-managed workflow, and we'll explore how we can do that in the next movie.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Lightroom 3 Advanced Techniques
Lightroom 3 Advanced Techniques

91 video lessons · 17715 viewers

Chris Orwig
Author

 
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  1. 5m 57s
    1. Welcome
      2m 11s
    2. Strategies for success
      1m 49s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 57s
  2. 39m 0s
    1. Understanding how Lightroom, Bridge, and Photoshop work together
      6m 25s
    2. Working with Lightroom, Bridge, and Photoshop
      6m 35s
    3. Maximizing compatibility with Photoshop
      4m 7s
    4. Resolving Camera Raw mismatches
      7m 47s
    5. Customizing external editor naming
      3m 54s
    6. Stacking multiple photos
      5m 25s
    7. What to do when Bridge isn't seeing the raw adjustments
      4m 47s
  3. 18m 30s
    1. Setting up an additional external editor
      6m 38s
    2. Should I work with TIFF or PSD files?
      1m 3s
    3. Setting up an export preset
      4m 4s
    4. Integrating Photoshop actions into Lightroom
      6m 45s
  4. 11m 46s
    1. What are catalogs and why do they matter?
      3m 38s
    2. Where are my images?
      4m 2s
    3. The nuts and bolts of catalogs
      1m 52s
    4. Understanding catalogs, collections, and folders
      2m 14s
  5. 15m 22s
    1. Working with folders
      3m 22s
    2. Working with collections
      3m 55s
    3. The collections workflow
      8m 5s
  6. 16m 5s
    1. Exporting and importing catalogs
      7m 52s
    2. Diagramming multiple catalogs and computers
      2m 10s
    3. When to use multiple catalogs on one computer
      3m 40s
    4. Cleaning up the catalog mess
      2m 23s
  7. 10m 55s
    1. Catalog backup defaults
      4m 7s
    2. Performing a better catalog backup
      3m 45s
    3. Restoring from a backup catalog
      1m 27s
    4. Optimizing catalogs
      1m 36s
  8. 12m 24s
    1. Hard drive options
      9m 50s
    2. Further resources
      2m 34s
  9. 9m 46s
    1. Setting up tethered capture
      3m 12s
    2. Custom tethered capture white balance
      6m 34s
  10. 43m 38s
    1. Enhancing eyes
      8m 59s
    2. Whitening teeth
      2m 51s
    3. Smoothing skin
      6m 45s
    4. Reducing small blemishes
      6m 56s
    5. Darkening or dodging with the Adjustment brush
      2m 29s
    6. Adding dimensions and contrast
      4m 53s
    7. Retouching workflow with Photoshop and Lightroom, pt. 1: Reducing blemishes
      7m 10s
    8. Retouching workflow with Photoshop and Lightroom, pt. 2: Smoothing skin
      3m 35s
  11. 21m 42s
    1. Understanding color space and preventing color profile mismatch
      3m 29s
    2. Monitor calibration with ColorMunki
      1m 5s
    3. Working with ColorChecker Passport
      59s
    4. Creating and exporting a ColorChecker Passport profile
      5m 44s
    5. Choosing and applying a profile
      6m 42s
    6. Saving a profile as a preset
      3m 43s
  12. 19m 0s
    1. Are your prints too dark?
      5m 47s
    2. Monitor brightness presets
      3m 4s
    3. Custom grid layouts
      3m 38s
    4. Importing and exporting custom presets
      2m 31s
    5. Exporting from Lightroom to Pictage
      4m 0s
  13. 20m 19s
    1. Designing a custom watermark in Photoshop
      7m 0s
    2. Implementing a custom watermark
      3m 54s
    3. Using a custom watermark for effect in a slideshow
      5m 54s
    4. Using a custom watermark for effect in a web gallery
      3m 31s
  14. 15m 28s
    1. Exporting images for a Blurb photo book
      6m 45s
    2. Downloading and installing Blurb BookSmart
      44s
    3. Building and designing a Blurb book
      7m 59s
  15. 17m 26s
    1. Publishing to the iPhone or iPad
      8m 45s
    2. Publishing to Facebook
      2m 24s
    3. Publishing to Flickr
      3m 19s
    4. Publishing to SmugMug
      2m 58s
  16. 17m 31s
    1. Web galleries and web hosting
      2m 52s
    2. Creating and uploading a gallery
      6m 29s
    3. Popular web gallery plug-ins
      3m 10s
    4. Installing and uploading a web gallery plug-in
      5m 0s
  17. 25m 44s
    1. Exporting to burn on DVD or Blu-ray
      5m 33s
    2. Exporting to a blog
      9m 16s
    3. Exporting for the web
      3m 26s
    4. Exporting and posting a slideshow or video
      4m 34s
    5. Creating a Lightroom screensaver
      2m 55s
  18. 10m 10s
    1. Creating a client web gallery template
      4m 1s
    2. Sending high-resolution images via FTP
      6m 9s
  19. 10m 23s
    1. Emailing images from Lightroom
      5m 31s
    2. Emailing images from Lightroom with Gmail
      4m 52s
  20. 11m 59s
    1. Installing plug-ins
      6m 17s
    2. Accessing plug-ins
      3m 10s
    3. Creative plug-in resources
      2m 32s
  21. 45m 6s
    1. General navigation shortcuts
      6m 21s
    2. Importing shortcuts
      5m 49s
    3. Library module shortcuts
      8m 15s
    4. Develop module shortcuts, pt. 1
      4m 42s
    5. Develop module shortcuts, pt. 2
      4m 29s
    6. Develop module shortcuts, pt. 3
      5m 24s
    7. Develop module shortcuts, pt. 4
      3m 39s
    8. Develop module shortcuts, pt. 5
      5m 11s
    9. Shortcut resources
      1m 16s
  22. 6m 13s
    1. General tips
      2m 28s
    2. Increasing the cache size for greater speed
      3m 45s
  23. 55s
    1. Goodbye
      55s

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