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After you've made adjustments that affect a photo globally, you may see specific areas of the photo that need further individual edits. Lightroom 5 has a toolbar of local Adjustment tools that you can use to make targeted adjustments. In this chapter we'll look at some of those tools. The Spot Removal tool, the Graduated Filter tool, the Radial Filter tool, and in this movie, the Adjustment Brush tool. The Adjustment Brush tool is perhaps the most useful of all these local Adjustment tools. Because you can use it to paint in combinations of adjustments. Wherever you need them in a photo. To start using the Adjustment Brush tool, I'll click it's icon in this toolbar. An that opens a panel with controls for the Adjustment Brush tool. This panel looks similar to the Basics panel.
You know you're in the Adjustment Brush panel, rather than the Basics panel, because here at the top left it says, Mask. An the reason it reads Mask here, is that under the hood the adjustment brush tool uses a mask, to define areas, affected by the settings that you choose with these sliders. The first thing that I usually do in this panel is to set all these sticky or persistent effects to back to zero by double clicking the Effect label here. I'm going to close the histogram so we can see more of the Suggestiveness panel. Because I want to show you down here there are controls for the brush tip in which you are going to paint in effects. So here I can adjust the size of the brush, the feather of the brush which is the softness of it's edge .
The flow which controls how fast adjustments build up as I paint multiple times over the same area with a brush. And the density which controls the strength of a brush. I'm going to leave everything at it's defaults for now then I'll move over into the image. And I'm going to move my cursor over an area that I want to paint. I want to work on the color and the clarity, or sharpness, of the leaves here at the left side of the basket. So I want my brush to be a little bigger than it is now. I'll use the right bracket key on my keyboard several times to increase the size of this brush.
And if you look closely, you can see that there are two rings around the brush The outer ring represents the amount of feathering on the brush. So if I don't want the edge of this brush so soft, then I'll come back over and I'll reduce the Feather slider a bit. And before I paint on the image, I'm going to come down and check Show Selected Mask Overlay. Now you don't always have to do that, but I want to do that this time so you can see exactly where I'm painting. So as I paint, the red represents a mask that I'm creating under the hood. If I go too far by mistake and I paint in here, on a lemon for example, I'll hold down the Option key or the Alt key on a PC.
And that changes my brush to an eraser so I can erase away the part of the mask where I don't want to change the appearance of the image. Now I'm going to un check Show Selected Mask Overlay, and I'm going to come over to the controls on the right. And make some changes here that will affect just the area where I just painted. I'll go to the Exposure slider and I'm to drag that slightly to the left, because I want to darken those leaves. Maybe that's a bit too much, I'll put it just about there. And I want to change the color of the leaves too. There are two ways that you can change the color of an area you've painted with this brush.
One is to come down to the color field here, click in this box and choose a color here. I'm going to close this box to show you another way, which is to come up to the tint and temperature sliders and change those. So here, if I want more green in just that area. I'll move the tint slider over to the left. If I want a little blue, I'll move the temperature slider to the blue. And I'd like to bring out those water droplets on those leaves a bit. So I'll move down to the clarity slider, and I'm going to drag that to the right. Now I'd like to add that same effects to other leaves in the image.
I can extend the area effected by these adjustments by making sure that I have the pin that represents these adjustments selected. You can see that that pin is black down here, which means it is selected. And then I'll click up here and I'll drag over these leaves to add that adjustment up there as well. And notice that those two areas don't have to be next to one another in the photo. Now you can add multiple pins in a photo each with its' own effects. So let's say I want to do something else now, I want to draw attention to the label on this bottle. So I go over to the Adjustment Brush panel and I'm going to click at the top where it says new to create a brand new brush.
All the sliders are now set back to zero, I'm actually going to just increase the exposure a bit, I can always tweak that later. And I'm going to increase saturation and maybe clarity and maybe sharpness. And because I'm painting over a very defined area here with clear edges, I'm going to check Automask. And that will help me to stay within the lines as I'm painting over this label. I'll make my brush tip smaller by pressing the left bracket key on my keyboard and maybe I'll reduce the feather a bit too. And then I'm going to click and drag over this wine bottle label. And you can see that as I do, I'm brightening it up, increasing the clarity, and increasing the saturation a bit.
Now, I think I need to back off on those settings so I'll go to the Exposure slider and I'm going to take that back maybe to about here. And I might take the saturation and the clarity back down a bit. And I see I may have missed some here when I was painting, so I'll come back in and paint a little further. And what I'm doing is creating a separate mask with it's own settings. If I check Show Selected Mask Overlay, you can see that mask here, and I'll un check that. Now if I want to see a before and after comparison, of just the changes I've made here in the Adjustment Brush panel. I'll come down to the toggle at the bottom of the Adjustment Brush panel, and I'll click that Toggle.
So that's how the image looked when we started this lesson, and here's how it looks with these changes. By the way if I press the backslash key on my keyboard that will show me how the image looks without any changes. These Adjustment brush changes and any overall changes I've made earlier. So that's where I actually started with this image before this movie. And here's where I've taken it now. I can come back into the Adjustment brush now or in the future and edit the controls on any of the pins that I've added. So for example, if I come over and click on this pin I can come in and maybe open up the exposure a bit on those leaves. And if I don't like an adjustment, I can delete a pin altogether. For example, I'll select this pin on the label and then I'll press the Delete or Backslash key on my keyboard.
And the pin and its effects go up in a puff of smoke. When I'm done here with the adjustment brush, I'll go up to the Tool bar under the histogram and click on the Adjustment brush icon to close the Adjustment brush panel. And now what you're looking at is the Basic panel with changes that I've made globally to the image. Of course I can come back in and open up the Adjustment brush panel again at any time by clicking the Adjustment brush icon. And I can combine my Adjustment brush changes. With other changes using any of the other local Adjustment tools like the Radio Filter tool here, which I'll show you next.
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