Lightroom 4 Essentials: 02 Enhancing Photos with the Develop Module
Illustration by Petra Stefankova

The Spot Removal tool: Clone versus Heal


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Lightroom 4 Essentials: 02 Enhancing Photos with the Develop Module

with Chris Orwig

Video: The Spot Removal tool: Clone versus Heal

Here we're going to be taking a look at the difference between working with the Spot Removal tool on Clone, and Healing. We'll be working with this file here: daisy_05. You can find this in the subfolder, daisy, and here we are in the Library module. And one of the things that we may do in the Library module is review our picture. This is a photograph of my daughter with her brand new puppy. I'm going to go ahead and zoom in on this image in order to evaluate it, and let's zoom to, say, 1:3 zoom ratio. Now, when we do that, and we get close to the dog's face, you'll notice there is a little fly that landed on the dog's forehead. A little blemish; a little problem with the picture that we want to correct.
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  1. 2m 1s
    1. Welcome
      1m 17s
    2. Using the exercise files
      44s
  2. 22m 4s
    1. Develop module overview and essential shortcuts
      4m 13s
    2. Panel navigation tips
      4m 53s
    3. Using the Develop module presets
      3m 32s
    4. Creating your own presets
      4m 1s
    5. Using the Snapshot and History panels
      3m 40s
    6. Working with the tool strip
      1m 45s
  3. 15m 20s
    1. Working with legacy Lightroom files
      6m 53s
    2. Viewing the before and after
      4m 29s
    3. Comparing and surveying images
      3m 58s
  4. 19m 42s
    1. Understanding white balance and color temperature
      2m 43s
    2. Using the White Balance Selector tool
      4m 22s
    3. Correcting white balance with a color checker
      3m 52s
    4. Working with white balance presets and fine-tuning white balance
      4m 24s
    5. Color correcting multiple images at once
      2m 42s
    6. Creativity and white balance
      1m 39s
  5. 23m 5s
    1. Getting familiar with the tone controls
      3m 19s
    2. Deconstructing the tone controls
      5m 39s
    3. Using the tone controls to enhance photographs
      5m 28s
    4. Correcting clipping with the tone controls
      4m 53s
    5. Synchronizing tonal adjustments with multiple images
      3m 46s
  6. 22m 31s
    1. Understanding vibrance and saturation
      5m 6s
    2. Working with vibrance and saturation
      5m 38s
    3. Color creativity with temperature, vibrance, and saturation
      3m 19s
    4. Understanding clarity
      2m 34s
    5. Using clarity in collaboration with vibrance and saturation
      5m 54s
  7. 10m 37s
    1. Basic panel workflow
      3m 38s
    2. Using Auto Tone
      1m 42s
    3. Workflow considerations
      5m 17s
  8. 18m 27s
    1. Cropping
      3m 29s
    2. Changing the crop aspect ratio
      1m 47s
    3. Straightening with the Crop tool
      2m 49s
    4. Working with the crop overlay
      3m 4s
    5. Crop creativity and orientation
      2m 36s
    6. Synchronizing crop settings
      2m 36s
    7. Exploring how to improve the composition of your photographs
      2m 6s
  9. 15m 55s
    1. Retouching with the Spot Removal tool
      8m 26s
    2. The Spot Removal tool: Clone versus Heal
      4m 56s
    3. Fixing red-eye
      2m 33s
  10. 16m 43s
    1. Introducing the Graduated Filter
      5m 14s
    2. Darkening the sky with the Graduated Filter
      6m 10s
    3. Enhancing a sunrise with the Graduated Filter
      5m 19s
  11. 45m 51s
    1. Adjustment Brush overview
      7m 45s
    2. Using Auto Mask
      5m 55s
    3. Burning and dodging a black-and-white image
      6m 44s
    4. Reducing noise
      5m 40s
    5. Minimizing moiré patterns
      3m 18s
    6. Painting in localized sharpening
      2m 14s
    7. Improving the eyes
      4m 6s
    8. Dimishing a distracting highlight
      3m 42s
    9. The Adjustment Brush and Basic panel workflow
      6m 27s
  12. 15m 38s
    1. Demystifying the Tone Curve controls
      5m 5s
    2. Using the tone curve to correct exposure
      2m 16s
    3. Changing tone and color with the the point tone curve
      3m 39s
    4. Making creative RGB adjustments
      4m 38s
  13. 13m 37s
    1. Understanding the HSL controls
      4m 4s
    2. Using the HSL Target Adjustment tool
      1m 40s
    3. Brightening tones with HSL
      3m 21s
    4. Using HSL to bring out warm and cool tones
      1m 47s
    5. Creative color with HSL
      2m 45s
  14. 36m 36s
    1. Introducing black-and-white conversion
      2m 39s
    2. Converting to black and white
      2m 16s
    3. Modifying black-and-white tones with the Grayscale panel
      5m 26s
    4. Enhancing black-and-white images with the Adjustment Brush
      9m 4s
    5. Using presets to convert to black and white
      5m 13s
    6. Black-and-white workflow with virtual copies
      5m 29s
    7. Black-and-white images and collections
      4m 22s
    8. Creating better black-and-white photographs
      2m 7s
  15. 14m 2s
    1. Split-toning essentials
      3m 34s
    2. Advanced split-toning tips
      2m 44s
    3. Split toning a color image
      3m 5s
    4. Split toning to create a sepia-tone effect
      2m 22s
    5. Using split toning to enhance a sunrise
      2m 17s
  16. 12m 21s
    1. Introducing noise reduction
      5m 10s
    2. Understanding sharpening
      5m 2s
    3. Sharpening workflow
      2m 9s
  17. 13m 36s
    1. Using the Lens Correction controls
      1m 56s
    2. Correcting distortion
      2m 45s
    3. Making subtle adjustments to composition and tone
      4m 11s
    4. Removing fish-eye distortion
      3m 18s
    5. Removing chromatic aberration
      1m 26s
  18. 12m 55s
    1. Adding and correcting vignettes
      2m 24s
    2. Using the Post-Crop controls
      4m 5s
    3. Adding a post-crop vignette
      4m 26s
    4. Working with film grain
      2m 0s
  19. 5m 34s
    1. Understanding camera calibration in Lightroom
      3m 20s
    2. Creative color with camera calibration
      2m 14s
  20. 21s
    1. Goodbye
      21s

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Watch the Online Video Course Lightroom 4 Essentials: 02 Enhancing Photos with the Develop Module
5h 36m Beginner Mar 05, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In this installment of the Photoshop Lightroom 4 Essentials series, author and teacher Chris Orwig guides photographers through the process of improving images with creative color, sharpening, and other effects in the Lightroom Develop module. The course covers each of the tools and features in the Develop module, and shows how to perform basic adjustments, such as exposure enhancement; how to improve image quality through noise reduction and clarity adjustments; how to apply creative effects, such as split toning and vignettes; and how to perform advanced tasks, such as correcting for lens distortion. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Improving tone, color, and contrast with the Basic panel
  • Adjusting hue, saturation, and lightness with the HSL controls
  • Performing local edits using the adjustment brush
  • Converting to black and white
  • Split toning to create a sepia tone
  • Understanding sharpening
  • Correcting distortion
  • Removing chromatic aberration
  • Adding or correcting vignettes
  • Using the post-crop controls
  • Adding film grain effects
  • Understanding camera calibration in Lightroom
Subject:
Photography
Software:
Lightroom
Author:
Chris Orwig

The Spot Removal tool: Clone versus Heal

Here we're going to be taking a look at the difference between working with the Spot Removal tool on Clone, and Healing. We'll be working with this file here: daisy_05. You can find this in the subfolder, daisy, and here we are in the Library module. And one of the things that we may do in the Library module is review our picture. This is a photograph of my daughter with her brand new puppy. I'm going to go ahead and zoom in on this image in order to evaluate it, and let's zoom to, say, 1:3 zoom ratio. Now, when we do that, and we get close to the dog's face, you'll notice there is a little fly that landed on the dog's forehead. A little blemish; a little problem with the picture that we want to correct.

Well the Spot Removal tool would be perfect for this. So let's go ahead and navigate to that tool, but let's do this by way of our shortcut. Do you remember the shortcut? It's the Q key. Press the Q key. That will take you to the Develop module; we'll activate this tool. Now, if you forget the shortcut, you can just click on Develop, and then select the tool, or click on the tool there. Before we actually remove this small little blemish, the fly, I want to illustrate how Clone and Heal work. And I am going to do this in a way that may seem a little bit goofy.

It won't make sense, it's not going to be an improvement, but it will help us understand how the tool works. Okay, well let's say that what I want to do is click on a part of my daughter's skirt here, and then I'm going to bring my sample area up to some of the fur on the dog. Let's make this, perhaps, a little bit bigger, or why don't we just zoom in, so we can see that a little more clearly. What we can see here is something really interesting. Well healing, what it's doing is it's actually bringing this texture over, but it's removing the color.

It's really trying hard to blend that content in. Well how would this differ from, say, cloning? If we go to cloning, for example, what we'll be able to see is that it's going to be a different type of effect. And here you can see that it's bringing that content over in a little bit more of a literal way. We can see the actual color of the fur there, coming over into this area. So in this case, it doesn't do as good of a job when there is a real strong difference. In other words, when you have a lot of variation, cloning, well it's just not going to cut it.

Healing, on the other hand, does a good job of blending things together. Okay, well I obviously don't want this type of spot removal on my image. This doesn't look good. Well how do you delete one of these points that you've created, that you don't like? That's really simple; just press Delete or Backspace, and it will remove that. Okay, well now onto working on the area of the picture that we want to focus on; this small little fly here. We'll hover over it, press the Left Bracket key to change our brush size, and then here, we can simply click.

Now when we click, we can then reposition the sample area, and the problem with this is, if you could get really close, is that the little fur on the dog's forehead there; it doesn't work, because it's kind of recreating these lines, but these lines don't line up. In other words, the content has too much variety in it to use Clone. Therefore, what we want is Heal. So we'll go ahead and choose Heal, and then you may want to just change your brush size here. Kind of experiment a little bit with how small of a brush size you can get.

Because ideally, you want as small a size as possible, and remove the blemish successfully without having to do too much there. Okay, well next we need to see how it looks without the circles. Press the H key, that will hide those circles, and see if it's looking good. You may want to move these once you see how that appears, and again, we can move this one way, or another, just trying to find the right spot, kind of lining everything up there as far as the different little pieces of fur on the dog's face. You also may want to try Clone out here at this point too, where you have those circles turned off.

Clone, in this case, well, it doesn't look as good. We can see a little bit too much of that in there. I'm going to go back to Heal. I think Heal is going to be the one which will really work well in this scenario. Next, perhaps lower the Opacity a little bit. This sometimes just softens up that effect, and you can see how we're bringing back more of that detail. We want to have the Opacity high enough so that that blemish is gone, but we don't necessarily always need this at 100%. So again, find the sweet spot for your improvement, and then of course, you almost always want to zoom out.

You kind of want to see the image in its entirety. You know, whenever you're retouching, you get in really close, and work on the small blemishes, and sometimes you're almost too close. Sometimes you're looking at the image, and kind of overanalyzing it. Every once in a while, it's helpful to just step back, and say, hey, how does this look? And then zoom back in, of course, and get both of those perspectives in order to evaluate your progress. And in this case, I think it looks good, so here I'll go ahead and press the Q key to exit out of this tool.

There are currently no FAQs about Lightroom 4 Essentials: 02 Enhancing Photos with the Develop Module.

 
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