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Learning a little bit about the history or the origin of the Graduated Filter can help us use this tool a little bit more effectively. This particular filter actually comes from a traditional photographic filter that you'd screw on the front of you lens. And this filter would help you deal with different densities. For example, here we've bright sky, and then we have a foreground, which is exposed pretty well. So you can put this filter on your camera. And what it would allow you to do is to darken the sky or to darken an area of the image in order to get this exposure a little bit more even or a little bit more correct.
Well, we can do the same type of adjustment here in Lightroom and we can do this and a ton more. We can do this with the tool, which is locate in the toolstrip here and you can click on the icon, or you can press the M key to open this up. When we open this up, or activate this tool, one of the first things we'll notice is we have a number of different effects we can apply. Everything from Exposure to Brightness all the way down to Clarity, Sharpness and Color. And what we can do in order to apply an adjustment is we can simply click on our image and then drag.
And when I do that, you can see I have a node and I have these two outside lines. Well currently, I haven't dialed in any different settings here with my effects. So let's say I decide to decrease my Exposure and I'm trying to darken the sky. Well currently, you can see that this node is located here and if I hover over that, I can click and drag to reposition this. We also notice that it doesn't really follow the horizon line. Well, no big deal. If you approach the central node or if you approach the central line, the icon changes and here you can see that what I can do is I can rotate this one way or another.
All right, well, what about these outside lines? What I want to do is exaggerate this. So I'm going to darken this so that it doesn't look good, but now one of things that you can see is that when I hover over one of these outside lines, I can stretch one of the lines. I can do this on both sides. So what's happening at this juncture is that the darkening effect is 100% here and then transitions to the middle line and then transitions even further to this outside line. So these lines define how drastic or how smooth or how transitional this adjustment actually is.
And again, I'm aware it looks bad, but let's go with this for a second. Let's say we've made an adjustment, and we want to change the amount of the exposure. Well, we can either drag the slider here or what you can do is you can hover over the node and then hold down the Option key on a Mac, Alt on a PC, and then click and drag to the left or to the right to change the amount of the adjustment. And this also works if you have multiple adjustments. Let me show you what I mean. Let's say I have made a number of different adjustments with all of these controls.
Well now when I hover over the node and hold down the Option key on a Mac, Alt key on a PC, if I click and drag to the left or the right, you can see that what it's going to do is increase or decrease the amount of these different adjustments respective to where they were. Okay, well that can be really helpful, but what about in the situations like here where I've made an adjustment that just doesn't work any good at all? Well, what you can do is you can double -click the triangle icon to reset the Exposure or the Brightness or Contrast or if you want to do everything at once, here is what you can do.
Hold down the Option key on a Mac, Alt key on a PC. That will change Effect to Reset. [00:03:2868] Go ahead and click that, and it will take all of the different settings for this particular adjustment back to the default zero setting. All right, well what about this Reset button down here? Well this Reset button down here is actually a little bit more powerful. Let me show you why. Let's say that we have one adjustment. Well, we can add another adjustment to this photograph simply by clicking and dragging and then dialing in the effect. Well now I have two different adjustments.
They don't look very good. So I decide I want to reset everything. I want to take off any Graduated Filter adjustment that I've made. In those cases, what we can do is click on this Reset button, and it will remove those. Another technique that you can use, again we have one adjustment here and then let's have another adjustment over here. What we can do is we can click on the node to activate that adjustment and then hit the Delete key. Click on the other one to activate that and then hit the Delete key. All right, well now that we've been introduced to how this filter works, let's apply this knowledge to this particular image here and take a look at how we can enhance this image so that it looks even better.
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