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You can adjust a particular color wherever it appears in a photo using the sliders in the HSL panel. HSL stands for Hue Saturation and Lightness, the three properties that Lightroom uses to describe color. Here you can see a tab for each of those three properties. Saturation means the intensity of color and using the sliders in the saturation section of this panel I can change individual color ranges separately. So, let's say I want to make the yellows in the image less intense, but not affect the other colors. I'll take that yellow saturation slider and drag it over to the left. And that's desaturating the lemons.
But, notice that it's also desaturated yellow wherever else it appears in this image, here and here, and even the yellows in the basket and in the mat. And, if I take that slider and go the other way, all the yellows become more intense. I might increase the saturation of the yellows just a little bit like this. So, dragging that slider has affected yellows wherever they are in the image and not just one shade of yellow. But a range of yellows. And the same is true if I were to drag one of these other sliders. So, if I took this green slider and dragged that all the way to the left, I desaturate color not only in the leaves, but also in the wine bottles here.
So, I'm going to put the green back to its default by double clicking it's label. Now let's look at the Luminance tab, clicking on that tab, at the top of the HSL panel. The sliders look the same, but these sliders will affect just the brightness of colors. Not the saturation or the hue. So, if I go to the yellow slider for example, and drag that to the right, all of the yellows throughout the image get brighter. And if I go the other way to the left, all the yellows get really dark. So, I might decrease the luminance of the yellows just a bit, somewhere like that.
And now let's go to the Hue slider here, and again I'm going to drag the yellow slider. If I go to the left, I can almost turn those lemons into oranges and of course that change effects all the yellows in the image. The yellows and the label here as well as the yellows in the basket. So, you do want to be careful when you're using any of the HSL sliders that you're not effecting part of an image. That you didn't mean to. Now sometimes there's a color that you do want to change, but you're not sure what the color is. For example, let's say that I want to take the saturation out of this blue basket, because it's kind of directing my attention to a part of the image that's not the focus.
I'll go to the Saturation tab, and I'm not exactly sure which slider to move. Is it the blue slider, the aqua slider, the purple slider? Is there some magenta in that basket? I'm not sure. So, I'm going to go up to the Targeted Adjustment tool which is this small circle at the top of this panel. When I click on that circle, you'll see that it now has a triangle above and below it and that means that the tool has been activated. And so when I go into the image and I click somewhere, like on this box, and drag the corresponding sliders for me.
So, as I drag down, I'm removing the saturation from that box. Notice, that not only dragged the blue slider, but the purple slider to the left as well. When I'm done using the Targeted Adjustment tool, again I'll click on its icon. And now it's no longer active. And you will notice that each of the HSL tabs, the Hue tab and the Luminance tab have a Targeted Adjustment tool. So, that's how to use the controls in the HSL panel to adjust specific colors everywhere that they occur in a photo. If you want to adjust color in just a particular spot in a photo, then it's a better idea to use Lightroom's local adjustment tools, like the Adjustment Brush tool, which I'll cover a little later in the course.
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