Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Evaluating and correcting critical highlights, shadows, and contrast areas in landscapes

From: Color Correction in Lightroom

Video: Evaluating and correcting critical highlights, shadows, and contrast areas in landscapes

In this chapter we're going to perform color correction Put our eye dropper over there, and then we'll

Evaluating and correcting critical highlights, shadows, and contrast areas in landscapes

In this chapter we're going to perform color correction processes on a wide variety of different kinds of images. And we're going to use all the skills and tools and techniques we've learned previously in this course for color correcting images in Light Room. In this particular project we're going to work on a landscape image. And we're' going to work on this harding ice field image. This is an image that we've seen before, and preformed a few corrections on one part of the image or another. We're going to do the whole image this time and talk about the entire image as a project. So, let's go ahead and make our virtual copy, CMD or CTRL then apostrophe.

Notice we have double stars here so let's isolate these so were looking at just those two images. Then lets take this image to the develop module by pressing D or clicking on the develop module up top and we look at this images overall. We see, like many landscapes, we've got critical highlighting areas somewhere in the, probably in the light clouds, and we've got some shadow area detail that we want to maintain. So, this is a very standard landscape image, but it's kind of special in a way that we've got so much white in here. You know, one of the challenges with working with lots of clouds, an or clouds and snow is you've got lots of whites to pay attention to.

Alright, so, we see we've got highlights and shadows and, we're not sure about the color cast yet but when we move over here, and look at the histogram we see, we've got, not too much data here in the highlight to the quarter tone. We've got most of the data around the quarter tone to mid tone which is all the white clouds and the snow. And then we've got some peaks down here in the three-quarter tone shadow, which are undoubtably these darker areas in the image. So we know we can do some brightening here. We can also see that there's a color cast. And if we want to remove this color cast. It's a blue color cast. We can see because the blue is offset.

From the other histograms and we can see the grey neutral histogram doesn't cover all the way to the edge. So clearly, it's a blue cast and we can corroborate that, of course, by just moving our cursor over some of the clouds, and look at the RGB is 70, 70, 74, down here in a well lit area. 67, 68, 72. And then we also see, this is interesting. We've got a kind of a soft cast shadow area. It's not a deep cast shadow, it's a soft cast shadow. And 53, 56, 62. See, there's a little bit more of a blue cast in the cast shadow area.

And we've discussed this earlier is that, well lit areas and cast shadow areas tend to have sometimes very large differences in color cast, here we have a slight difference. There's a couple of percentage points higher blue cast in the cast shadow area, and we'll see how we'll accommodate that as we move forward. You see we've got some brightening and increase in contrast because of the tonal distribution, and we have a blue cast that we'd like to remove. So our objective here is going to be to neutralize the whites in this image, the neutral whites, the clouds and the snow, and to get started we can just come down here.

We can choose an area of the image that would be representative. And then our first step whenever we do a color correction is we move the color cast first and then work on the tones, not vice versa. Because moving the color cast first lines up all the tunnel values and the highlights and shadow ends. So you're going to end up going back and forth between the two corrections. So we're going to remove the blue color cast and to do this, couple of different ways we can do it, but I like using this eye dropper tool. And I'm going to go ahead and select the temperature and I like to use the eye dropper tool because I can move it over the image and I can watch the RGB values.

Very quickly and easily down at the bottom of this and their nice and big as well. I'm going to start by hitting my up arrow and watching my RGB values until my blue is lowered to the point that the red, the green and the blue are all just about equal. And here we go, we've got a 71.8, 71.8, 71.5. That's pretty darn good isn't it. So, that's nice and neutral there, we can move to various places in the image. 72, 72, 72 that are well lit and then let's take a look over here in the soft cast shadow area. 54, 56, 58, notice we do have a little bit of a blue cast here.

So, we've neutralized the white which is the most obvious portion of the image. But because this soft cast shadow, fairly dominant in terms of the area covered. I'm going to take out a little bit of that, I'm going to kind of split the difference between the two. So I'm just going to lower that blue value a little bit more so that it's about split about half way between the well lit neutrals and the cast shadow neutrals. So that's how we'll deal with that in this case. A lot of times I don't even worry about the cast shadows because they're a small portion of the image, but in this case because they're much larger.

Then I'm going to kind of take them into account. So, I'm going to split the neutralization between the well lit and then the soft cast shadow. Alright, good enough, so we've neutralized the image. We can take a quick peek up here at the histogram, and go yep we sure have, and notice that the neutral gray histogram now covers pretty much all of the image on both ends, the highlight and the shadow. Alright, next step is certainly going to be to come down here and work on the highlights and the shadows. And as you know from our previous discussions, I don't like to use exposure because it tends to move the entire histogram, so I'm going to move down here we're going to start like I usually do with working on the whites.

And we can see here by clicking and then holding on the Option key. Alt in Windows, we drag this until we start to see the areas that light up. And notice, there won't be any blue that comes up. It'll just be some white areas that are going to come up. And there we go. So we can put our eyedropper over this area, which is blown out. And we're going to select the whites, and then we're going to lower the whites value while we monitor the RGB values until they get down to about 95%. Alright? And we want them at 95% because we know that that's going to print.

So we're applying a numeric adjustment here so that we know that when this goes to print, I'm not going to lose any detail in the lightest highlight areas of these images. So that's how we fine tune the highlight values after we neutralize the image. And then let's go right to the blacks. Tab right down to the blacks. Let's take a look here and see where the real dark areas are. Hold down the Option key, Alt in Windows, and drag this. And we can see that the deep shadow areas. Right about in here. So let's go ahead and select the blacks. Put our eye dropper over there, and then we'll use the up arrow to back off until that's gone.

But look at our RGB values. Even when we get rid of all the filled in shadows, things are pretty low. Point five, point three, point five. Even when we get rid of all of that. And notice that we're at minus eight. Let's go all the way back up to zero, which is where we started. Now that we've identified the deepest shadow and look at still less than one percent in some cases. So the question we ask ourselves is that an area that we want to see some detail in, we want to try to maintain some detail? Notice as we move the eye dropper around we do see some changing RGB values, so there is some detail there.

So if we decide no we don't care that can stay solid black to increase contrast across the image in which case we can leave it like it is. Or we can go ahead and just raise this a little bit, until we get values that are up and above the 5% range, which will give us better detail in that deepest shadow area. So it's a judgement call, as it often is, as to how dark and how deep you want this to be. We'll put this at about four or 5%, we still have very good contrast in this image, and there we go. So we've done our color correction, removed the blue color cast.

We have set our highlights at 5%, and our shadows a 95%. And let's do, or hit and press the Y key, and we can see our before and after image. And of course you can move onward from here, you can adjust the contrast if you want to increase or decrease contrast of this image, by adjusting the slider. You can create multiple virtual copies and create fine-tuned variations of this correction as well.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Color Correction in Lightroom
Color Correction in Lightroom

33 video lessons · 3157 viewers

Taz Tally
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 2m 20s
    1. Welcome
      40s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 40s
  2. 7m 18s
    1. Overview of color correction tools in Lightroom
      4m 17s
    2. Using virtual copies for color-adjustment variations
      3m 1s
  3. 10m 40s
    1. Setting up the interface for color adjustments
      4m 33s
    2. Setting up the color tools
      1m 45s
    3. Using Lightroom's soft proofing
      4m 22s
  4. 29m 9s
    1. Understanding how the histogram displays tone
      7m 51s
    2. Understanding how the histogram displays color
      4m 35s
    3. Identifying color casts with histograms and the Info tool
      6m 54s
    4. Measuring skin tones
      5m 50s
    5. Using target-based measurements
      3m 59s
  5. 51m 54s
    1. Understanding the interaction of Lightroom's histogram and tone panels
      8m 27s
    2. Adjusting color balance with the Temperature and Tint tools
      5m 51s
    3. Avoiding highlight and shadow clipping
      6m 58s
    4. Adjusting color balance using the Info tool and the Tone panel
      8m 19s
    5. Using Lightroom's automated adjustment tools
      5m 42s
    6. Adjusting overall brightness and contrast
      6m 21s
    7. Using targets for color correction
      4m 0s
    8. Challenge: Evaluating and correcting color
      1m 2s
    9. Solution: Evaluating and correcting color
      5m 14s
  6. 1h 13m
    1. Evaluating and correcting critical highlights, shadows, and contrast areas in landscapes
      7m 28s
    2. Working with near neutrals and images with no neutrals
      6m 42s
    3. Correcting skin tones in a portrait
      5m 37s
    4. Correcting a faded image
      7m 54s
    5. Adding pop to product images
      7m 58s
    6. Making curve-based color correction adjustments
      7m 40s
    7. Color correcting product shots
      11m 26s
    8. Making creative adjustments
      5m 45s
    9. Automating adjustments
      4m 34s
    10. Challenge: Identifying and correcting a color cast
      1m 2s
    11. Solution: Identifying and correcting a color cast
      6m 54s
  7. 1m 26s
    1. Next steps
      1m 26s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now "Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Color Correction in Lightroom.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.