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Effective print workflow

From: Lightroom 3 Essential Training

Video: Effective print workflow

Here I want to provide a brief printing workflow overview and in this context I thought it might be helpful to mention a few topics like color space, resizing, sharpening, how we can work with presets, and also rendering intents. So let's dive right in. All right, well let's say that we've decided to use a particular template, in this case the Fine Art Mat template. Well the next thing that we really want to do before we make any other changes is to make sure we've dialed in our Page Setup options. So here we'll go ahead and click on Page Setup.

Effective print workflow

Here I want to provide a brief printing workflow overview and in this context I thought it might be helpful to mention a few topics like color space, resizing, sharpening, how we can work with presets, and also rendering intents. So let's dive right in. All right, well let's say that we've decided to use a particular template, in this case the Fine Art Mat template. Well the next thing that we really want to do before we make any other changes is to make sure we've dialed in our Page Setup options. So here we'll go ahead and click on Page Setup.

What we want to do of course is choose the correct printer, in this case the Epson 3800, and then our Paper Size. In this case, I'm going to go ahead and select the Super A3 paper size and I'm going to choose Manual and Rear. This allows me to use some of my fine art papers like the Velvet Fine Art paper, which I'm so fond of. So I'll go ahead and make that selection. You also want to dial in your Orientation. Now it's critical that you do this first, and you want to do this first because all the other changes that you make will be contingent upon your paper size, and it's also just a great place to start in regards to defining the paper size, thinking through, how do I want to print this, what type of paper am I going to use? So in this case we've selected the correct source.

Next step, click OK. All right, well you can see that didn't change the formatting of this because it's a little bit different regards to the size. Next thing we want to do is go to Print Settings and in Print Settings we want to define a few things. In this case, I need to go down to my Printer Settings and here what I'm going to do is turn off my Color Mode, make sure Color Management is off. I'll choose my Media Type. In this case we're going to go ahead and select Velvet Fine Art Paper. Well, because this is a way that I print quite often, what I want to do is save this out as a preset.

To do that, navigate to your Presets pulldown menu and then choose Save As and I'll name this Preset VFA for Velvet Fine Art - 13 x 19. That's the size, and I'll click OK. All right, well here in the Presets pulldown menu you can see that I've saved that there. That will help me speed up my overall workflow, as I continue to print more and more from Lightroom. All right, well once I've dialed that in, I'll go ahead and click Save. All that that's going to do is simply remember those Print Settings. Next, I can go into my panels.

Making your way over to your panels. One of the things that we could do is go into Layout and here we could go ahead and customize this. We could change the overall position of this or of course we can simply hover over this and click and drag one way or another. Now in this case there aren't really a lot of options that I want to change here. I liked the layout, so I'm just going to leave this all as is. That being said, you may want to go through your different panels, make any changes that you want to select here, as you modify these different options. So again I'll just click through these briefly, make sure I'm not overlooking anything and all of this looks great.

Next up, I'm going to go to the Print Job. Now what's interesting is that what we're doing here is we're working in Lightroom, which really doesn't have a color space, and for a lot of this, this is kind of tricky to understand. Because we're working in this raw context, this color space isn't quite relevant just yet. What's going to happen is it's going to work with a space which is similar to Pro Photo. It's going to then resize our photograph, resample it, either up or down as needed. In other words, based on the paper size and the actual image size here, Lightroom is going to take care of all of that for us.

Remember in Photoshop, we go to the Image Size dialog. We make all of our changes. Well here again, that's all taken care of for us, which is really nice. And the same thing goes for color space. Again, it's going to work all of those color issues out and help manage that process, if we do a few things right here. One of the first things you want to do is choose Print Resolution. Now by default, many people print at 300 pixels per inch. Often that's actually too much information. So you may want to experiment with a lower resolution like 240, or that being said, many times when I create huge poster size prints I print at 180, and it's kind of counterintuitive because you think that the larger the file the more resolution you need.

It's actually not true because when you have a really large photograph, say like on a billboard, your viewing distance is so far away that you actually need less resolution than an 8 x 10 that you're going to hold in your hand and hold close to your face. So again, you'll just want to experiment a little bit with Print Resolution. Next we have some Print Sharpening. What's going to happen with this sharpening is it's going to be contingent upon the overall resolution and the resizing or resampling of the photograph. So just keep in mind that a lot is going on here. Lightroom is really thinking about these issues, and it's not going to apply the same amount of sharpening regardless of the image. Rather it's going to say, okay, here is the file.

Here's how big the file is. Here's what we had to do with this file, either resize it up or down, and therefore we'll apply a certain amount of sharpening. What I recommend that you do of course is experiment with these different settings and print an image out, three different ways, look at them side-by-side. That will help you become familiar with how this sharpening actually works. All right, well what about Color Management? Well what we want to do here is first select our profile. We've talked about this already. We can select this from this pop-up menu here or go to Other.

We can add other profiles from the list. If we want to include those, I'll go ahead and turn on one other profile and click OK, and then here we can see that that's now showing up in this contextual menu. All right, well let's go back to the Velvet Fine Art profile because that's actually the one that we want. Next, Rendering Intent. We have two options, in this case Relative or Perceptual, and Relative is actually an abbreviation for Relative Colorimetric, and what this Rendering Intent does is it maps all the colors in the source image to the nearest equivalent of the in-gamut colors.

Now this is great because it says, "hey, you know what, there is a color which is out of gamut, like maybe this bright yellow here." It's going to then map that to the nearest equivalent of an in-gamut version of that color. The problem with this though is that sometimes there is clipping of colors, which are out of gamut. We kind of lose some of those colors. So then the other option is Perceptual. Why would you want to choose that? Well, what this does is it maps our colors to fit in your destination profile space and in this case it really creates nice color differentiations, those differentiations are preserved.

So it's looking at things and comparing them and bringing in those differences in a unique way. Now what happens to the brightest colors is the brightest colors are mapped to the brightest printable color within that space. Now some people really like Perceptual and you'll say certain images just look great, but sometimes, you may discover that it will unnecessarily desaturate certain colors. Like with this image, the color is pretty complicated here, right, because the exposure is pretty down and we have this bright spot of sun in the image.

And so if I printed this out, I would probably first try say Perceptual, because that's a lot of times the one we go for first. And if I discover that all of a sudden, you know what, it just feels too desaturated. I feel like it kind of knocked out some of those colors that I wanted. Well then, in that case I would go ahead and try Relative. Now of course with all printing, this is contingent upon your paper type, in other words, if you have a glossy paper, that is a wider gamut than a velvet or matte paper. So you need to test this out a little bit and what any print expert will tell you is that of course you want to dial in all your settings correctly.

You want to increase the chance of getting a print which matches what you're seeing on your monitor as closely as possible. But at the end of the day, in order to get really good at printing, you simply have to print and print and print again. You have to experiment and see how these images and colors work and see what color is kind of fall out of gamut in certain paper types, then in certain contexts in regards to the lighting and the overall situation and of course the subject matter. All right, well now that we've dialed in all of those options, our last step here is to either select Print One or Print...

When we press Print One, what that does is it skips the Print dialog. Now we can do that because we've already dialed in our Print Settings. On the other hand if we want to double- check things, we can also click Print... This will then open up our Print dialog. Here we can make sure we're printing to the right paper type, and then of course we can go down to our Printer Settings and here just double-check that we're doing everything correctly. And in this case, I think it looks good. The next step would be to simply click the Print button and then to wait expectantly as that print comes out of our printer.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Lightroom 3 Essential Training
Lightroom 3 Essential Training

208 video lessons · 33326 viewers

Chris Orwig
Author

 
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  1. 2m 56s
    1. Welcome
      1m 52s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 4s
  2. 17m 59s
    1. Creative tip: Using Lightroom
      1m 31s
    2. An overview of Lightroom
      3m 53s
    3. Photographic workflow puzzle
      2m 36s
    4. Why use Lightroom?
      6m 25s
    5. Lightroom and Photoshop
      3m 34s
  3. 29m 34s
    1. The Lightroom interface
      3m 19s
    2. Essential interface shortcuts
      4m 50s
    3. Using the interface shortcuts
      5m 4s
    4. Customizing the identity plate and module pickers
      2m 41s
    5. Using a graphic identity plate
      4m 44s
    6. Changing the panel end marks
      2m 12s
    7. Creating a custom panel end mark
      2m 54s
    8. Changing the image background
      1m 46s
    9. Modifying other interface preferences
      2m 4s
  4. 49m 43s
    1. Importing and file formats
      4m 35s
    2. Importing preferences
      2m 36s
    3. Introducing the Import dialog
      6m 27s
    4. Catalog, import, and preview preferences
      6m 40s
    5. Importing photos from a folder
      5m 44s
    6. Creating a metadata preset
      4m 45s
    7. Importing photos from a CF card
      9m 16s
    8. Using Auto Import
      3m 53s
    9. Using multiple hard drives
      4m 14s
    10. Creative tip: Discard
      1m 33s
  5. 11m 17s
    1. Introducing tethered shooting
      3m 46s
    2. Working with tethered shooting
      7m 31s
  6. 40m 30s
    1. Working in Grid view and Loupe view
      3m 0s
    2. Navigating and zooming
      5m 14s
    3. Shortcuts in Loupe view and Grid view
      1m 39s
    4. Customizing Loupe view and Grid view
      2m 46s
    5. Comparing two images
      4m 55s
    6. Surveying multiple images
      5m 20s
    7. Working with the toolbar in Grid view and Loupe view
      3m 58s
    8. Working with folders and files in the Library module
      6m 25s
    9. Using dual monitors
      7m 13s
  7. 27m 28s
    1. Introducing catalogs
      4m 27s
    2. Working with catalogs
      3m 19s
    3. Exporting catalogs
      1m 44s
    4. Updating legacy catalogs
      3m 2s
    5. The relationship between the raw and DNG catalogs
      3m 8s
    6. Working with raw files in Lightroom
      3m 53s
    7. Working with DNG files in Lightroom
      6m 5s
    8. Creative tip: Using the right gear
      1m 50s
  8. 9m 43s
    1. Using Quick Develop in the Library module
      2m 37s
    2. Synchronizing processing settings across multiple images
      3m 32s
    3. Making incremental adjustments
      1m 45s
    4. Applying white balance and auto tone adjustments
      1m 49s
  9. 35m 28s
    1. Introducing flags, stars, and labels
      5m 0s
    2. Working with flags, stars, and labels
      6m 34s
    3. Adding images to a Quick Collection
      2m 11s
    4. Integrating collections with your workflow
      5m 13s
    5. Grouping images with collections
      3m 7s
    6. Using Smart Collections
      4m 39s
    7. Sorting images
      3m 0s
    8. Renaming images
      2m 1s
    9. Stacking images
      3m 43s
  10. 18m 44s
    1. Adding keywords
      4m 51s
    2. Working with the keyword list
      2m 51s
    3. Synchronizing keywords
      2m 26s
    4. Keywording with the spray can
      1m 48s
    5. Working with the Metadata panel
      3m 58s
    6. Adding copyright metadata
      2m 50s
  11. 17m 46s
    1. Filtering overview
      3m 49s
    2. Locking library filter options
      1m 38s
    3. Filtering based on text
      2m 0s
    4. Filtering by metadata
      6m 13s
    5. Filtering your photos using the Metadata panel
      2m 7s
    6. New filtering criteria in Lightroom 3
      1m 59s
  12. 45m 24s
    1. Exporting images
      6m 19s
    2. Export quality and watermark options
      2m 3s
    3. Exporting movies
      5m 13s
    4. External editing preferences and considerations
      2m 56s
    5. Editing preferences
      5m 6s
    6. Editing photos in Photoshop
      5m 4s
    7. Opening an image as a Smart Object in Photoshop
      3m 30s
    8. Including multiple images in Photoshop as layers
      2m 16s
    9. Merging multiple images in Photoshop
      3m 34s
    10. Creating a panorama
      2m 20s
    11. Working with a CMYK photo
      7m 3s
  13. 15m 37s
    1. Setting up Flickr services
      3m 45s
    2. Uploading photos to Flickr
      3m 35s
    3. Working with comments
      1m 49s
    4. Publishing to a folder
      5m 38s
    5. Creative tip: Visual poetry
      50s
  14. 39m 26s
    1. Develop module overview
      5m 45s
    2. Working with legacy Lightroom files
      3m 46s
    3. Comparing the before and after
      2m 33s
    4. Resetting images to their default settings
      2m 24s
    5. Using the Develop module presets
      3m 10s
    6. Using Snapshot and History
      5m 10s
    7. Using the Histogram
      4m 6s
    8. Working with collections
      4m 25s
    9. Introducing virtual copies
      2m 22s
    10. Creating virtual copies
      2m 46s
    11. Introducing the Develop module tool strip
      2m 59s
  15. 50m 0s
    1. Understanding white balance and color temperature
      3m 10s
    2. Correcting white balance with a ColorChecker
      3m 11s
    3. Using the White Balance tool
      2m 36s
    4. Creative uses of white balance
      3m 47s
    5. Demystifying the tone controls
      3m 39s
    6. Using the tone controls
      3m 45s
    7. Recovering detail in highlights
      2m 29s
    8. Working with vibrance and saturation
      4m 11s
    9. Making color adjustments with the Vibrance and Saturation sliders
      4m 28s
    10. Creative uses of vibrance and saturation
      3m 12s
    11. Understanding clarity
      3m 20s
    12. Working with clarity
      3m 51s
    13. The standard Basic panel workflow
      4m 4s
    14. Synchronizing basic settings across multiple images
      4m 17s
  16. 23m 58s
    1. Creative tip: Why crop?
      1m 50s
    2. Cropping an image
      4m 18s
    3. Straightening with the Crop tool
      3m 51s
    4. Working with the Crop Overlay tool
      3m 18s
    5. Changing the aspect ratio of an image
      1m 38s
    6. Auditioning different aspect ratios
      1m 56s
    7. Quickly changing crop orientation
      1m 49s
    8. Using Crop to improve a composition
      5m 18s
  17. 11m 16s
    1. Retouching with the Spot Removal tool
      5m 43s
    2. Retouching away dust on a lens
      3m 22s
    3. Fixing red-eye
      2m 11s
  18. 22m 59s
    1. Introducing the Graduated filter
      4m 37s
    2. Darkening a sky with the Graduated filter
      4m 31s
    3. Enhancing a landscape with the Graduated filter
      3m 33s
    4. Improving a portrait with the Graduated filter
      5m 14s
    5. Increasing color variety and saturation with the Graduated filter
      3m 50s
    6. Creative tip: Tenacity
      1m 14s
  19. 44m 2s
    1. Adjustment Brush overview
      7m 4s
    2. Essential Adjustment Brush shortcuts
      3m 33s
    3. Enhancing makeup color
      4m 14s
    4. Whitening and brightening teeth
      3m 17s
    5. Improving eyes
      5m 57s
    6. Softening and smoothing skin
      7m 10s
    7. Brightening and improving shadows
      3m 5s
    8. Darkening lips and cheeks
      3m 25s
    9. Correcting overall exposure
      3m 48s
    10. Subtly correcting exposure
      2m 29s
  20. 16m 9s
    1. Demystifying the tone curve controls
      5m 15s
    2. Increasing contrast and color with the tone curve controls
      4m 46s
    3. Correcting exposure with the tone curve controls
      4m 34s
    4. Creative tip: Shoot what matters
      1m 34s
  21. 26m 53s
    1. Understanding the HSL controls
      5m 2s
    2. Using the HSL Target Adjustment tool
      3m 44s
    3. Brightening tones with HSL
      1m 36s
    4. Using HSL to increase warm tones
      3m 4s
    5. Using HSL to increase warm and cool tones
      2m 56s
    6. Creative color with HSL
      2m 57s
    7. Desaturating color with HSL
      3m 27s
    8. Using the Color panel
      4m 7s
  22. 23m 34s
    1. Introducing black-and-white conversion
      2m 15s
    2. Understanding Black & White Mix
      2m 21s
    3. Converting to black and white
      4m 10s
    4. Black-and-white workflow with virtual copies
      3m 35s
    5. Enhancing black-and-white images with the Adjustment Brush
      3m 7s
    6. Using presets to convert to black and white
      3m 12s
    7. Creating a black-and-white collection
      4m 54s
  23. 10m 54s
    1. Understanding split toning
      3m 37s
    2. Advanced split-toning tips
      4m 10s
    3. Split-toning a color image
      3m 7s
  24. 21m 27s
    1. Introducing noise reduction
      3m 26s
    2. Introducing sharpening
      3m 42s
    3. Sharpening in Lightroom
      5m 44s
    4. Advanced sharpening in Lightroom and Photoshop
      5m 4s
    5. Removing chromatic aberration
      3m 31s
  25. 24m 54s
    1. Using the Lens Correction controls
      5m 53s
    2. Enhancing images with lens correction
      3m 6s
    3. Synchronizing vignette settings across multiple images
      2m 32s
    4. Combining lens correction, Lightroom, and Photoshop
      3m 36s
    5. Adding a post-crop vignette
      3m 57s
    6. Adding film grain with the Effects panel
      5m 50s
  26. 7m 37s
    1. Understanding Camera Calibration in Lightroom
      4m 46s
    2. Creative color with Camera Calibration
      2m 51s
  27. 38m 28s
    1. Basic Develop module workflow
      7m 28s
    2. Workflow for converting to black and white
      10m 11s
    3. Workflow project: Surfing
      6m 8s
    4. Workflow project: Portrait
      4m 58s
    5. Workflow project: Portrait details
      8m 39s
    6. Creative tip: Go outside
      1m 4s
  28. 36m 31s
    1. Creating a collection to make a slideshow
      3m 56s
    2. Selecting the best images for the slideshow
      3m 17s
    3. Customizing the layout of the slideshow
      3m 34s
    4. Customizing the background of the slideshow
      4m 14s
    5. Customizing overlay elements for the slideshow
      6m 39s
    6. Creating titles for the slideshow
      2m 27s
    7. Playing back the slideshow
      4m 24s
    8. Previewing the slideshow
      4m 0s
    9. Exporting the slideshow to different formats
      4m 0s
  29. 48m 34s
    1. Creating a collection of images to print
      3m 20s
    2. Laying out images into preset templates
      4m 34s
    3. Customizing the layout of a single image
      4m 26s
    4. Choosing page options for a single image
      6m 8s
    5. Specifying the print job options for a single image
      6m 19s
    6. Creating a custom package
      4m 36s
    7. Creating a picture package
      4m 16s
    8. Printing one image quickly
      1m 42s
    9. Creating a custom print template
      4m 34s
    10. Effective print workflow
      8m 39s
  30. 32m 3s
    1. Creating a collection of images for a web gallery
      5m 18s
    2. Using web gallery templates
      3m 27s
    3. Customizing a web gallery
      6m 49s
    4. Uploading a web gallery
      4m 19s
    5. Creating color and black-and-white galleries
      3m 48s
    6. Uploading color and black-and-white galleries
      3m 32s
    7. Online web gallery resources
      2m 53s
    8. Domain name and hosting overview
      1m 57s
  31. 3m 26s
    1. Online resources and the Lightroom Newsletter
      2m 55s
    2. Goodbye
      31s

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