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Now that we have taken a few minutes to explore some of the basics of working with video in Lightroom 4, what I want to do here is get a little bit more specific. In particular, I want to look at how we can have more precise control of trimming or editing, and also how we can actually change the way our video file looks. Well, here you can see we have a video clip selected. Now what I want to do is open up that window, which allows me to trim or to edit the video. In order to do that, you remember that you click on this gear icon right here.
What may happen is you may have a long clip, and this may be a little bit too much of a compressed view to see enough of the video. In order to see more of the video, to have more precise control, what you can do is change the way the Library module actually looks. In order to do that, you can press the Tab key. This will hide your panels on the left and the right. When we press the Tab key, we all of a sudden have more space. The next thing that we can do is hover over either the left or the right edge of this playback component, and then click and drag it.
Here you can see it's giving me much more of a precise view of the content that I have here, so I can click and move this, and then change the trim location to wherever it needs to be based on that particular video clip. Now to bring back the rest of the Lightroom interface, all that you do is press the Tab key. It will automatically resize that playback component, and you can of course resize it even further if you want to or minimize it by clicking on the gear icon in the bottom right-hand corner.
Well, that gives us a little bit more precision in regard to trimming and editing. What about actually changing the way that this video file looks? Well, we can do that in the Library module by taking advantage of the Quick Develop panel. So go ahead and open that up. It's over here on the right-hand side and you can do so by clicking on the name Quick Develop. Well, next you will notice that we have a number of different controls that we can use. A few of the controls are grayed out because we can't do everything, but we can do a lot. For example, I could increase the exposure and I could do so pretty dramatically by clicking this icon here, or I could decrease the exposure.
Now this isn't just decreasing it for one frame; if we scrub, we see the entire video clip in this new way. Now, of course, if we ever want to change this back to what it was, we can go ahead and click on the Reset All and it will take all of those settings off. Now what's interesting about these settings is that they're working the same way that our settings work on images. In other words, it's not increasing the file size of the video; rather, it's a small set of instructions, telling Lightroom to display this video in a particular way.
Now let's say that we want to convert this video to black-and-white. To do that, we could go to one of our presets. Now keep in mind, you can use any of the presets that come preinstalled with Lightroom or presets you have created yourself or downloaded from another site. The sky is the limit here. Well, in this case, let's say, I want to go to this Antique Grayscale. I will go ahead and click on that preset. It's going to give me a little warning message saying, you can't do everything that you can do to images. That's okay, I still want to see what I can do. I will click OK and here we have it--an Antique Grayscale version of this image.
What's fascinating, right, is we have this really powerful control. We can start to modify video using the same almost philosophical approach that we used to modify images. In other words, what we've learned about how to modify images, we can apply to modify in videos. And here we can continue to modify this. If I want to decrease the exposure or increase the contrast, I can simply click on those different buttons in order to make those changes. Let's say that I am not sure if I like this Antique Grayscale look, this black-and-white conversion, and I kind of wish that I still had access to the original video the way that it looked straight out of the camera.
Well, I can remove all of these settings by way of a great shortcut. On a Mac, it's Shift+Command+R; on Windows that's Shift+Ctrl+R. Let's go ahead and press that shortcut in order to reset that back to normal. Now the reason that I wanted to reset this was to highlight an important workflow tip here whether working with images or videos. Typically, what you want to do when you're making drastic changes or what you might want to do is to create a virtual copy.
You can create a virtual copy a number of different ways. The way that I like to create a virtual copy is by pressing Command and then apostrophe (Command+'), and that's on a Mac. On Windows that's Ctrl+apostrophe ('). You'll notice down in the film strip down below that we now have a virtual copy of this video file. Well, this is actually kind of profound. It's just creating a second set of instructions in order to allow us to change the way this video file is displayed. It's not doubling our file size.
And with video that's really important because video files, they get huge. So here with this virtual copy, what I am going to do is go to my presets and choose a different black-and-white preset. I will go ahead and select that. I am going to click OK because I already know that, and then perhaps lower this a little bit and just modify this preset, just a touch here in order to change the way it looks and I think that's fine at least for demo purposes. Now here I have these two different versions of this video file. I have the original file here, and then I have this version in black-and-white.
And the advantage of using virtual copies with images or with videos is it gives us an incredible amount of flexibility. Now this particular adjustment, we are not committing to it until we export or we publish this particular video file. Yet I wanted to highlight that because I think it really showcases how these new video capabilities inside of Lightroom 4 are quite robust. They are not just a hat tip to the video file; rather, they really allow us to have precise control whether we are editing or trimming that video file or changing the way it looks.
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