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Adjustment Brush overview

From: Lightroom 3 Essential Training

Video: Adjustment Brush overview

One of the most powerful tools which is located inside of Lightroom is the Adjustment Brush. I can say that this tool is powerful, because what it allows us to do is to paint in adjustments in the particular areas of our photographs. Now, you may be thinking, okay, well, what's the big deal? We can do this in Photoshop. Well, sure! We can do this in Photoshop, but now it's kind of interesting that we can this in Lightroom as well, because here, we can make these adjustments in a way that's nondestructive and that doesn't increase file size. In other words, we can be a little more creative and a little more efficient in this raw workflow context.

Adjustment Brush overview

One of the most powerful tools which is located inside of Lightroom is the Adjustment Brush. I can say that this tool is powerful, because what it allows us to do is to paint in adjustments in the particular areas of our photographs. Now, you may be thinking, okay, well, what's the big deal? We can do this in Photoshop. Well, sure! We can do this in Photoshop, but now it's kind of interesting that we can this in Lightroom as well, because here, we can make these adjustments in a way that's nondestructive and that doesn't increase file size. In other words, we can be a little more creative and a little more efficient in this raw workflow context.

All right, well, to target this tool or to select the tool, we can click on it in the toolstrip, or we can simply press the K key. Once you select this tool, what you'll see is that you have a number of different Effect options. Now we've seen these effects before, right? These same effects are also located inside of the Graduated Filter. Yet when we go back to the Adjustment Brush, you may notice that there are few more options here as well. We can now define a couple of different brushes as well as a brush that allows us to erase. Well, what are these settings down here? Well, what I want to do in this movie is introduce us to how we can begin to work with this tool.

Then in the next movie, we'll take a look at some shortcuts. Then we'll actually look at some real scenarios for working with this particular tool. In regards to our overall brush size, this controls how big the brush is. So, for example, if I hover over this image, you can see that there are three concentric circles. Now, the middle circle with the crosshairs, that shows us the very middle of our adjustment, and the crosshairs are actually pretty important. And you'll see why when we get to masking. The next circle that's the brightest white circle, that one shows us the size of our brush.

Then finally that outer concentric circle, that shows us the transition area or the feather of this particular adjustment that we're going to apply. Now, we can change all of these amounts by simply dragging these sliders. So, as I make my brush smaller, we can see that the brush changes size, the feather either gets closer to the brush size or further away. Then the Flow, we'll have to take a look at how that works as we actually paint on our photograph. All right, we're going to choose a relatively small brush size. I'm going to decrease the Exposure by 4 stops.

I'm going to exaggerate here, so that we can learn how this tool works. All right, well, if I go ahead and paint, we notice that we have a nice deep black line there, negative exposure, 4 stops. Well, I can change that by dragging the slider to make it brighter or even darker. Now, this current setting that I have here is a small brush size, or relatively small, and with a high Feather amount. What about no Feather, what does that look like? Well, on comparison, you can see that I have really harsh edges. No transition at all.

So, feathering allows us to create brushstrokes that are little bit more smooth. Many times, especially when burning and dodging or correcting tone or exposure, we need that extra softness that Feather can actually give us. All right, well let's reset this for a moment and bring everything back to normal. What I want to do now is take a look at Flow. So, let's increase our Feather, because typically, we'll have a pretty high Feather. Let's take a look at the different options for Flow. If I decrease my Flow significantly, what will happen is as I paint once, we won't see much of an effect.

But as I go back and forth across this, we're going to see that that effect will slowly be built up. Now, how quickly this happens depends on my Flow. Let me increase the Flow setting here and do the same thing. I paint once, twice, three times, now I'm already much higher than I was before. So again, Flow has to do with how quickly we make a particular adjustment. Well, let's delete this adjustment, and let's do so by clicking on this pane here and then pressing the Delete key. All right, well what about Density down here? Well, I like to think of Density as overall intensity. Let me explain.

Let's go ahead and bring our Flow all the way up. I'm going to make the brush size just a touch smaller here. Now, when I paint once, we see that we have this really intense darkening effect. Now, when I decrease the Density, or as I like to call it the intensity, what will happen with that same brushstroke, it's not quite so intense. And no matter how many times I paint back and forth, it can never go above this particular setting. So, the Density kind of trumps all. This is true whether we have a low Flow or a high Flow amount.

Let me show you what I mean. Let's delete this adjustment by pressing the Delete key. I'm going to decrease my Flow here and increase the Density all the way up. So now, when I paint back and forth, you can see that I'm slowly building this up. I can get this to be 4 stops darker than it was in regards to the Exposure. On the other hand, if I decrease my Density, say to about 50% or so, and then go ahead and paint back and forth, what's going to happen is it doesn't matter how many times I paint back and forth, it's never going to allow me to get higher than this overall amount here that I've defined with Density.

All right, well, so far so good. What about Auto Mask? Well, Auto Mask is actually really interesting. Let's delete this adjustment for a moment. Let's choose another effect. I'll double-click the Exposure slider there. I'm going to go ahead and desaturate 100 points. I'm going to increase my Flow, so this happens really quickly. Density, bring that all the way up. All right, well, now if I paint across the image, you can see that I'm simply desaturating the entire image. It doesn't really matter where I'm painting or how I'm painting. Everything is desaturated.

Well, on the other hand, what we can do is if we delete this adjustment is we can turn Auto Mask on. With Auto Mask on, and let's say a little bit bigger brush size, as long as we pay attention to those crosshairs in the middle, whatever those crosshairs cover, in this case, you can see I'm paying attention to the green dress. It's going to then affect that area. So, essentially, it's building a mask based on the area where I'm painting. All of this is happening in this nondestructive raw workflow context.

So I can undo this at any time, if I make any mistakes. The interesting thing about this is not only can we affect the Saturation, we could also affect the overall Brightness of this, or for that matter, we could click on Color and say you know what, we really want a different color dress. We can go through here and choose different color in order to make a change and to make this image look completely different. Let's click the X here in order to close this dialog. Here is our before and then our after. So, the point here isn't to say that you're always going to change colors of different things.

But the point here is to show you that Auto Mask can allow you to target a particular area of your photograph. All right, well, now that we've been introduced to this tool, let's go ahead and take a look at some of the essential shortcuts for the Adjustment Brush. And let's do that in the next movie.

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This video is part of

Image for Lightroom 3 Essential Training
Lightroom 3 Essential Training

208 video lessons · 33379 viewers

Chris Orwig
Author

 
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  1. 2m 56s
    1. Welcome
      1m 52s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 4s
  2. 17m 59s
    1. Creative tip: Using Lightroom
      1m 31s
    2. An overview of Lightroom
      3m 53s
    3. Photographic workflow puzzle
      2m 36s
    4. Why use Lightroom?
      6m 25s
    5. Lightroom and Photoshop
      3m 34s
  3. 29m 34s
    1. The Lightroom interface
      3m 19s
    2. Essential interface shortcuts
      4m 50s
    3. Using the interface shortcuts
      5m 4s
    4. Customizing the identity plate and module pickers
      2m 41s
    5. Using a graphic identity plate
      4m 44s
    6. Changing the panel end marks
      2m 12s
    7. Creating a custom panel end mark
      2m 54s
    8. Changing the image background
      1m 46s
    9. Modifying other interface preferences
      2m 4s
  4. 49m 43s
    1. Importing and file formats
      4m 35s
    2. Importing preferences
      2m 36s
    3. Introducing the Import dialog
      6m 27s
    4. Catalog, import, and preview preferences
      6m 40s
    5. Importing photos from a folder
      5m 44s
    6. Creating a metadata preset
      4m 45s
    7. Importing photos from a CF card
      9m 16s
    8. Using Auto Import
      3m 53s
    9. Using multiple hard drives
      4m 14s
    10. Creative tip: Discard
      1m 33s
  5. 11m 17s
    1. Introducing tethered shooting
      3m 46s
    2. Working with tethered shooting
      7m 31s
  6. 40m 30s
    1. Working in Grid view and Loupe view
      3m 0s
    2. Navigating and zooming
      5m 14s
    3. Shortcuts in Loupe view and Grid view
      1m 39s
    4. Customizing Loupe view and Grid view
      2m 46s
    5. Comparing two images
      4m 55s
    6. Surveying multiple images
      5m 20s
    7. Working with the toolbar in Grid view and Loupe view
      3m 58s
    8. Working with folders and files in the Library module
      6m 25s
    9. Using dual monitors
      7m 13s
  7. 27m 28s
    1. Introducing catalogs
      4m 27s
    2. Working with catalogs
      3m 19s
    3. Exporting catalogs
      1m 44s
    4. Updating legacy catalogs
      3m 2s
    5. The relationship between the raw and DNG catalogs
      3m 8s
    6. Working with raw files in Lightroom
      3m 53s
    7. Working with DNG files in Lightroom
      6m 5s
    8. Creative tip: Using the right gear
      1m 50s
  8. 9m 43s
    1. Using Quick Develop in the Library module
      2m 37s
    2. Synchronizing processing settings across multiple images
      3m 32s
    3. Making incremental adjustments
      1m 45s
    4. Applying white balance and auto tone adjustments
      1m 49s
  9. 35m 28s
    1. Introducing flags, stars, and labels
      5m 0s
    2. Working with flags, stars, and labels
      6m 34s
    3. Adding images to a Quick Collection
      2m 11s
    4. Integrating collections with your workflow
      5m 13s
    5. Grouping images with collections
      3m 7s
    6. Using Smart Collections
      4m 39s
    7. Sorting images
      3m 0s
    8. Renaming images
      2m 1s
    9. Stacking images
      3m 43s
  10. 18m 44s
    1. Adding keywords
      4m 51s
    2. Working with the keyword list
      2m 51s
    3. Synchronizing keywords
      2m 26s
    4. Keywording with the spray can
      1m 48s
    5. Working with the Metadata panel
      3m 58s
    6. Adding copyright metadata
      2m 50s
  11. 17m 46s
    1. Filtering overview
      3m 49s
    2. Locking library filter options
      1m 38s
    3. Filtering based on text
      2m 0s
    4. Filtering by metadata
      6m 13s
    5. Filtering your photos using the Metadata panel
      2m 7s
    6. New filtering criteria in Lightroom 3
      1m 59s
  12. 45m 24s
    1. Exporting images
      6m 19s
    2. Export quality and watermark options
      2m 3s
    3. Exporting movies
      5m 13s
    4. External editing preferences and considerations
      2m 56s
    5. Editing preferences
      5m 6s
    6. Editing photos in Photoshop
      5m 4s
    7. Opening an image as a Smart Object in Photoshop
      3m 30s
    8. Including multiple images in Photoshop as layers
      2m 16s
    9. Merging multiple images in Photoshop
      3m 34s
    10. Creating a panorama
      2m 20s
    11. Working with a CMYK photo
      7m 3s
  13. 15m 37s
    1. Setting up Flickr services
      3m 45s
    2. Uploading photos to Flickr
      3m 35s
    3. Working with comments
      1m 49s
    4. Publishing to a folder
      5m 38s
    5. Creative tip: Visual poetry
      50s
  14. 39m 26s
    1. Develop module overview
      5m 45s
    2. Working with legacy Lightroom files
      3m 46s
    3. Comparing the before and after
      2m 33s
    4. Resetting images to their default settings
      2m 24s
    5. Using the Develop module presets
      3m 10s
    6. Using Snapshot and History
      5m 10s
    7. Using the Histogram
      4m 6s
    8. Working with collections
      4m 25s
    9. Introducing virtual copies
      2m 22s
    10. Creating virtual copies
      2m 46s
    11. Introducing the Develop module tool strip
      2m 59s
  15. 50m 0s
    1. Understanding white balance and color temperature
      3m 10s
    2. Correcting white balance with a ColorChecker
      3m 11s
    3. Using the White Balance tool
      2m 36s
    4. Creative uses of white balance
      3m 47s
    5. Demystifying the tone controls
      3m 39s
    6. Using the tone controls
      3m 45s
    7. Recovering detail in highlights
      2m 29s
    8. Working with vibrance and saturation
      4m 11s
    9. Making color adjustments with the Vibrance and Saturation sliders
      4m 28s
    10. Creative uses of vibrance and saturation
      3m 12s
    11. Understanding clarity
      3m 20s
    12. Working with clarity
      3m 51s
    13. The standard Basic panel workflow
      4m 4s
    14. Synchronizing basic settings across multiple images
      4m 17s
  16. 23m 58s
    1. Creative tip: Why crop?
      1m 50s
    2. Cropping an image
      4m 18s
    3. Straightening with the Crop tool
      3m 51s
    4. Working with the Crop Overlay tool
      3m 18s
    5. Changing the aspect ratio of an image
      1m 38s
    6. Auditioning different aspect ratios
      1m 56s
    7. Quickly changing crop orientation
      1m 49s
    8. Using Crop to improve a composition
      5m 18s
  17. 11m 16s
    1. Retouching with the Spot Removal tool
      5m 43s
    2. Retouching away dust on a lens
      3m 22s
    3. Fixing red-eye
      2m 11s
  18. 22m 59s
    1. Introducing the Graduated filter
      4m 37s
    2. Darkening a sky with the Graduated filter
      4m 31s
    3. Enhancing a landscape with the Graduated filter
      3m 33s
    4. Improving a portrait with the Graduated filter
      5m 14s
    5. Increasing color variety and saturation with the Graduated filter
      3m 50s
    6. Creative tip: Tenacity
      1m 14s
  19. 44m 2s
    1. Adjustment Brush overview
      7m 4s
    2. Essential Adjustment Brush shortcuts
      3m 33s
    3. Enhancing makeup color
      4m 14s
    4. Whitening and brightening teeth
      3m 17s
    5. Improving eyes
      5m 57s
    6. Softening and smoothing skin
      7m 10s
    7. Brightening and improving shadows
      3m 5s
    8. Darkening lips and cheeks
      3m 25s
    9. Correcting overall exposure
      3m 48s
    10. Subtly correcting exposure
      2m 29s
  20. 16m 9s
    1. Demystifying the tone curve controls
      5m 15s
    2. Increasing contrast and color with the tone curve controls
      4m 46s
    3. Correcting exposure with the tone curve controls
      4m 34s
    4. Creative tip: Shoot what matters
      1m 34s
  21. 26m 53s
    1. Understanding the HSL controls
      5m 2s
    2. Using the HSL Target Adjustment tool
      3m 44s
    3. Brightening tones with HSL
      1m 36s
    4. Using HSL to increase warm tones
      3m 4s
    5. Using HSL to increase warm and cool tones
      2m 56s
    6. Creative color with HSL
      2m 57s
    7. Desaturating color with HSL
      3m 27s
    8. Using the Color panel
      4m 7s
  22. 23m 34s
    1. Introducing black-and-white conversion
      2m 15s
    2. Understanding Black & White Mix
      2m 21s
    3. Converting to black and white
      4m 10s
    4. Black-and-white workflow with virtual copies
      3m 35s
    5. Enhancing black-and-white images with the Adjustment Brush
      3m 7s
    6. Using presets to convert to black and white
      3m 12s
    7. Creating a black-and-white collection
      4m 54s
  23. 10m 54s
    1. Understanding split toning
      3m 37s
    2. Advanced split-toning tips
      4m 10s
    3. Split-toning a color image
      3m 7s
  24. 21m 27s
    1. Introducing noise reduction
      3m 26s
    2. Introducing sharpening
      3m 42s
    3. Sharpening in Lightroom
      5m 44s
    4. Advanced sharpening in Lightroom and Photoshop
      5m 4s
    5. Removing chromatic aberration
      3m 31s
  25. 24m 54s
    1. Using the Lens Correction controls
      5m 53s
    2. Enhancing images with lens correction
      3m 6s
    3. Synchronizing vignette settings across multiple images
      2m 32s
    4. Combining lens correction, Lightroom, and Photoshop
      3m 36s
    5. Adding a post-crop vignette
      3m 57s
    6. Adding film grain with the Effects panel
      5m 50s
  26. 7m 37s
    1. Understanding Camera Calibration in Lightroom
      4m 46s
    2. Creative color with Camera Calibration
      2m 51s
  27. 38m 28s
    1. Basic Develop module workflow
      7m 28s
    2. Workflow for converting to black and white
      10m 11s
    3. Workflow project: Surfing
      6m 8s
    4. Workflow project: Portrait
      4m 58s
    5. Workflow project: Portrait details
      8m 39s
    6. Creative tip: Go outside
      1m 4s
  28. 36m 31s
    1. Creating a collection to make a slideshow
      3m 56s
    2. Selecting the best images for the slideshow
      3m 17s
    3. Customizing the layout of the slideshow
      3m 34s
    4. Customizing the background of the slideshow
      4m 14s
    5. Customizing overlay elements for the slideshow
      6m 39s
    6. Creating titles for the slideshow
      2m 27s
    7. Playing back the slideshow
      4m 24s
    8. Previewing the slideshow
      4m 0s
    9. Exporting the slideshow to different formats
      4m 0s
  29. 48m 34s
    1. Creating a collection of images to print
      3m 20s
    2. Laying out images into preset templates
      4m 34s
    3. Customizing the layout of a single image
      4m 26s
    4. Choosing page options for a single image
      6m 8s
    5. Specifying the print job options for a single image
      6m 19s
    6. Creating a custom package
      4m 36s
    7. Creating a picture package
      4m 16s
    8. Printing one image quickly
      1m 42s
    9. Creating a custom print template
      4m 34s
    10. Effective print workflow
      8m 39s
  30. 32m 3s
    1. Creating a collection of images for a web gallery
      5m 18s
    2. Using web gallery templates
      3m 27s
    3. Customizing a web gallery
      6m 49s
    4. Uploading a web gallery
      4m 19s
    5. Creating color and black-and-white galleries
      3m 48s
    6. Uploading color and black-and-white galleries
      3m 32s
    7. Online web gallery resources
      2m 53s
    8. Domain name and hosting overview
      1m 57s
  31. 3m 26s
    1. Online resources and the Lightroom Newsletter
      2m 55s
    2. Goodbye
      31s

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