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Keynote is Apple's iWork application for creating effective and impressive presentations. In Keynote '09 Essential Training, presentation designer Craig Syverson teaches new and experienced Keynote users how to apply this program to its full potential. Craig demonstrates the entire creative process, from building basic slides with text and images and using the new built-in themes, to distributing the final product. Exercise files accompany the course.
Shapes and lines are drawn objects made within Keynote from the various shape creation tools that you have and they act as very versatile design elements in your slide layout. The Shape button in the toolbar is the place to go to get your shapes started. I pull this down here. You can see a number of shapes here. These are all referred to as predrawn shapes, because they give you a starting shape. This tool here at the bottom is a free shape creator and we'll talk about that a little bit later. For now let me just pull in a basic circle. By default Keynote will drop a shape object that you pull from the toolbar dead center on the slide as you can see here. I'm going to go up to the Inspector and open up the Metrics Inspector and with the shapes you see here we have basic data on the shape itself, its position. You realize you can change the position, either by clicking on this little tabs or actually keying in the actual location that you want.
Now notice because it's a shape and it was generated by Keynote, there is no File Info. Usually, we see File Info for other graphics or photographs that we bring in, but of course, this is not an external file being referenced by Keynote; this is actually a shape that's been generated within Keynote. That's one way you can always tell to see "am I looking at a shape? or am I looking at an imported object?" In the Metrics Inspector, You can take a look there. So I'm going to expand this out just a little bit. I'm going to hold the Option key and the Shift key while grabbing that corner so I have a perfect circle. One of the characteristics of shapes, little basic ones, is that it's an object that has a Stroke and a Fill and also as you can see if you are in a Format bar, it can have text associated with it or can have text inside of it.
Interestingly also, I can set my Fill on this shape to nothing. You can notice I have no Stroke either. In effect, I can create a shape that has nothing visible in it. That could be helpful sometimes when you are starting to experiment with layouts and with the way things look and don't look. You can create shapes as masks for instance. When we are in the slide canvas mode like this, you will see a line, but it will not be represented when the final slideshow plays. But Keynote will keep a line there, so you know something is there. So if we go into the Graphics Inspector, and I'll click on my shape object, you can see normally what we give a shape is a color fill, it pulls up the color well and you can change the color. You can obviously give it a gradient fill.
But another thing you can do is you can also fill shapes with images. So let me go down here and choose Image Fill. It brings up the standard Open dialog box and I can navigate to the media I want and let me just pull in a slide here. Now you'll see that within this circle shape, Keynote dropped in an actual photograph. As I scale this, it will scale the shape, and why am I seeing those interesting edges? Well, this is a circle shape and the image is rectangular. We've got it set to Scale to Fit. So you can see here with an Image Fill I also have other choices. I can scale to fill it, so now it actually fills the size of the circle and there are number of other choices you can select to make this image look the way you want it.
It's pretty versatile thing to be able to define a shape and then have an image inside of it. It's a little bit different than masking a shape like you might otherwise do. Notice if I go to the Metrics Inspector we don't have a reference to the actual photograph, but sometime it's very handy to just have a shape with an image in it. Now as I mentioned before, shapes can also contain text. If I double-click on this and type in the word Fast for instance, and I'll select it and I'm going to make it Gill Sans Regular. You can see that the text is now associated with that shape. This is not a text object. Keep that in mind. It behaves a little bit differently. It's a shape object that happens to have text in it.
There is a slight difference there. Now let me also show you the distinction between a shape and a line. I'm going to go give this a color fill just to make it a little bit easier, and of course the text is white. So I'll make the color fill a little bit darker, so we can actually see it. We close that out. And let me show you the difference between a shape and a line. I bring down a line and drop it in and we have a line that's centered on the slide. I'm going to Shift constraint this and pull it over. Now you notice up here in the Format bar a line consists just of a stroke.
There is no Fill and there is no text associated with it. Now of course, I can change the width of that stroke and I have a lot of flexibility of a kind of stroke that it is, but just remember that a line is pretty much that, it's just a line. One of the things you can do with lines is add these endpoints and this is new in '09 for putting these endpoints up here in the Format bar. For instance, I can put an arrowhead on this for instance and create an arrow-like shape, which coincidentally is exactly the same thing as this coming down out of the Shapes toolbar. It's just defined a little bit differently, but it's the same thing.
It's a line as you can see here with an endpoint of an arrow. Now another type of shape that I mentioned earlier is a free-form shape. So this is a Pen tool and it's a Bezier shape creator. So if I click once, I'll create a point. If I click again, it creates a straight line between those points. If I Click+Hold and move a little bit, I can create a curve Bezier point. This is the same type of function you've seen in other applications that use drawing, nothing different here. When I'm done with creating a line, I'll hit Escape and now that is set to this particular object that's a line. You can see up here it has no fill characteristics and no text, so it's considered a line. I can show you that I can make a shape out of this tool as well. I'll close that little window out.
I'll click here, I'll click again, then make these few curves, one more and then I come around to the original point, you see this little circle icon appear. If I click at that point, now I have created a shape and you can see up here in the Format bar, it's reflecting that it indeed has shape characteristics. I can give it a fill and so on. Let me show you a couple of other examples of shapes that we have in our presentation. I'll click on Slide 2. This red shape here is a rectangular. It has this rough edged stroke of the same color as the fill and we use this as our highlight around these photographs in this particular slide. We normally see it when I send it to back here as creating a highlight behind that particular photograph.
Also, in the Color Scheme slide all of these individual elements that are representing color swatches are all shapes, they are all circles and even this background that here is a large shape with a special fill. So you should explore all the different shapes that you can make and experiment with them, because they are really your workhorses in creating great slide layouts.
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