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Keynote is Apple's iWork application for creating effective and impressive presentations. In Keynote '09 Essential Training, presentation designer Craig Syverson teaches new and experienced Keynote users how to apply this program to its full potential. Craig demonstrates the entire creative process, from building basic slides with text and images and using the new built-in themes, to distributing the final product. Exercise files accompany the course.
Slide transitions are the way we move from one slide to another and Keynote offers a wide variety of 2D and 3D transitions that we can use. Let me show you the basics of a slide transition. Let me click on this first slide here and open up the Inspector, click over to the Slide Inspector and there is a Transition tab under the Slide Inspector. This lets us know what transitions are going to be applied between this slide that we have selected and the next one. Transitions always go from the first slide to the second slide. They go, if you will in the downward direction. This Effect menu here, I'll click and hold.
You see we have a number of different effects. I'm going to go with the very basic Dissolve and I'm going to set my duration of that Dissolve here, we'll keep that at the default of one second and let me just Play this. Very basic transition. Here is my slide, I hit the Forward Arrow key to advance and we do a 1 second Dissolve. I think if you have ask any good presenter, if they were stuck on the desert island and they would only given one transition, what would it be? Well, it should be the Dissolve. In fact, let me go over here in my Slide Navigator, click on the Slide 1. I'm going to press Command+A. I'm selecting all the slides that are currently in this presentation. If I go over here to the Slide Inspector and choose Dissolve, I have just added a 1 second Dissolve to every slide on there. So if you are in the hurry and you just want to put something on there that's not just the straight flash on to the next slide, you really can't go too wrong with putting a Dissolve and everything to start with.
Another thing I want to point out here in the Slide Navigator. Notice after I did that these blue triangles in that corner. This lets us know that there has been a slide transition applied to this particular slide. So it's a good way to have a real quick check to see if in fact there is a transition associated with that slide. Let me just click on Slide 2 here and while I'm still here in the Slide Transition Inspector, let me choose another effect, the 2D effect. A Fade Through Color is very similar to a Dissolve but somewhere in the middle you can choose a color that they can land on. For instance I'll call off this Crayon selection here and I'll give it a little Cantaloupe color and you can see there are sort of has a early morning feel to it. I can slow down that particular transition, it just adds a bit of color to what would normally be a straight dissolve.
I will click down on here on Slide 3 and go down on the Effect menu and I'm going to choose Push. You will get a preview of your slide transition here in this Preview window. Well Push is kind of like an old-fashioned filmstrip. It pushes the entire contents from the first slide to the second slide. If I click on this, again you will see here that it put Push and Fade Through Color and Dissolve up here at the top in the Recent Effects bar. That's very handy. If you use a transition consistently throughout your presentation, you don't have to go looking for it every time you pull down. If I do select this and let go, we'll see another preview of it up here in this Preview window, which means we don't necessarily have to play the slide in order to see the transition. But this Push theme works well too. We have this linear look to the slides pushing on to the other linear look. So it's not a bad choice.
The other thing to keep in mind in this duration setting is that in a slide transition this time it split 50-50 between the slides. So if I were to -- let's say take this up to 3 seconds it's pretty much saying that one and half of those seconds is pushing up the first half and other one and half is pulling in the second. So you can always know that it's an even split between the two. Now the 3D transitions are bit more noticeable. So you kind of have to be careful. You don't want to overdo them too much because they can tend to call attention to themselves. Let me show you one of the classic ones that Apple uses a lot is the Cube and here that was obviously a very slow duration, we can change that and on some of the transitions you will also see you have a Direction choice. So I could choose for it to come from top to bottom for instance and if I really wanted to snap into place I can give it a very quick duration time.
Playing with these is very handy, to really get their right kind of feel that you want. The 3D transition is usually good if you are changing chapters or you are sort of changing gears in your presentation and you finished up something or going on to the next because it has that black section in the middle. It kind of gives you a feeling of, there is -- a significant change happening. I also found that the Twist 3D Effect, it's rather elegant and in fact you can even adjust to Twistiness. I can turn it down a little bit and it makes a very elegant look.
The Doorway presentation is rather dramatic and it's really not too bad for an opening. Let me give you an example. Let me go to my first slide here. Let's say you are about to give a live presentation and you don't want this first slide to be up there on the screen but you know you have to have a projector ready, you have to have everything ready to go and your audience is starting to file in. What you could do ahead of time is build in a blank slide at the beginning. Let me add a new slide here. Now you notice it dropped it down below. I'll just simply drag it up to make this my first slide. I'll go to the Appearance tab of the slide and in the background; I'll choose a Color Fill and I'll click on the Color wheel and I'll make it black. So it's as if the projector is not even on.
Then what I'll do on this first slide under transition, I'll choose the Doorway effect and so now I'll play the presentation and everyone is filing in and there is nothing happening on the screen. In fact you could even put your name on here if you wanted to, so people know they are in the right room and then if you wanted a dramatic starts your presentation, you hit the advance key and the Doorway transition starts it off. These 2D and 3D Slide Transitions are the most straightforward in that they transition between one completed slide and the next. So think of them as your default set of transitions to call upon.
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