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Understanding stacking order

From: Keynote '09 Essential Training

Video: Understanding stacking order

Stacking order is a relationship of one object to the next, and in Keynote, we also have to consider the implications of stacking order with backgrounds and master slides. So let's first look at some object relationships here and how that works. I am going to click here on this object called 2, and I'm going to do Ctrl+Click and choose Duplicate, and then I'm going to take this over, and I'm going to align it up with the other side of that previous slide. Now one of the interesting thing about the duplicate function, if I Ctrl+Click and then duplicate again, it will follow the same distance that I done from the previous action. So here, I created a few extra boxes and I'm going to renumber them. This one is going to be 3. This one will be 4, 5, and 6 here.

Understanding stacking order

Stacking order is a relationship of one object to the next, and in Keynote, we also have to consider the implications of stacking order with backgrounds and master slides. So let's first look at some object relationships here and how that works. I am going to click here on this object called 2, and I'm going to do Ctrl+Click and choose Duplicate, and then I'm going to take this over, and I'm going to align it up with the other side of that previous slide. Now one of the interesting thing about the duplicate function, if I Ctrl+Click and then duplicate again, it will follow the same distance that I done from the previous action. So here, I created a few extra boxes and I'm going to renumber them. This one is going to be 3. This one will be 4, 5, and 6 here.

I am going to select this object, Ctrl+Click, and go to bring to front. What that does is it brings this object to the front of the other objects. So in other words, I only have 6 objects on this slide and when I told this one to go to the front that means it's on the very top, and you can see these other 5 below it are all layered on top of each other. So this one being on the top, let me Ctrl+Click and do send backward. You can see now that this one went behind number 5, which makes sense. I do this Send Backward again, and now this one number 6 is between the Layer 3 and the Layer 4.

So it is very important to keep track of your stacking order so you can understand how to select objects. For instance if I take this one, and now I say Send to Back, it puts it behind all those other objects and really you can't see it and if I click on any of these because they are on front, you can't select object 6, it's gone. Well, it's not gone. It is just down there behind the back layer. So one way to get at that in Keynote is to first select an object like I did here with the one label number 1. Now I'm going to hit the Tab key. Now you see I have object number 2 selected, Tab 3, Tab 4, Tab 5. Tab one more time, you can see these handles of this object, but you can't see it, well that is object 6. That is the one that is at the very back.

But because I Tab through the objects, I can now go and Ctrl+Click on that one, and say Bring to Front and I can bring that particular object to the front. So you can see that if you have an object that is hidden or behind other objects using this Tab key technique is a great way to get access to that object again and bring it to the front, so you can manipulate it more. So let's take a look at the relationship between objects and masters. I'm going to call up my Inspector, and here I'm on the Slide Inspector for the slide. I'm going to change the master slide for this one we are working on to 2x3 master slide. I bring that in as such. I'll close up my Inspector.

If I grab this object, let's say, bring it down here and say Send to Back, we still see it. Why did it not go behind these other objects? Well, in Keynote, the master slide is in a sense it's like a piece of glass between the slide and the master slide. So you can see what is underneath it, but there is not a stacking order relationship with the objects on the master slide. Like I can click here on the master slide and you will notice that these photographs are not being selected.

Let me get rid of these objects here now. So how can I have an object relate to something in a master? Let me show you. I'm going to go to Slide 2 and there is this rectangular shape here, I'm going to copy this from Slide 2, go back to Slide 1, and paste it in. So we still have the same issue. This particular object is in fact now the only object on this slide that is not in the master slide. In fact, if I Ctrl+Click on it, you will see all these are grayed out that I don't have a choice to go forward or backward because it is the only item on the stacking layer on this particular slide.

But I can tell Keynote to have the master slide have a stacking relationship with the slide in front. To do that, I'm going to go down and edit the master slide, pull down the Inspector, and I'm going to go to Slide Inspector, and there is this check box here called Allow objects on slide to layer with the master. Now, when I go back to the slide, and let me close the Inspector. Notice if I click on this and do Ctrl+Click, I have these choices now, Send Backward, Send to Back or Send it to Back, and you can see now that this object that was alone on the front slide now can stack with items in the master.

So if want to create a frame like look around any of these photographs, all I need to do is take that particular object and drag it behind those slide images. What this allows me to do is create a master slide with these photographs that stays consistent throughout my presentation and for each individual instance of where I want to create a frame around a slide like this I can just have an object in the front relate to the master. It is a much easier way of keeping a group of photographs consistent throughout a whole presentation as to have them locked into a master and if you need to do any of the stacking relationship, you can.

Now, the last thing to think about is that every slide has a background associated with it, and the background is not an object. It is an image or it's a color, but it's always in the background. So keep that in mind is that the background doest not get involved in stacking order, but it's always there and is always persistent. So by staying aware of your stacking order and using it to your advantage, you can have a great degree of flexibility and how your slides are laid out.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Keynote '09 Essential Training
Keynote '09 Essential Training

59 video lessons · 29913 viewers

Craig Syverson
Author

 
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  1. 2m 6s
    1. Welcome
      1m 15s
    2. Using the exercise files
      51s
  2. 13m 57s
    1. Exploring the user interface
      3m 54s
    2. Customizing the user interface
      2m 11s
    3. Using the Media Browser
      1m 42s
    4. Understanding the Document Warning
      2m 57s
    5. Understanding Keynote themes
      3m 13s
  3. 13m 8s
    1. Understanding master slides
      4m 45s
    2. Making changes to slides and masters
      3m 54s
    3. Creating a media placeholder on a master slide
      2m 18s
    4. Creating an object placeholder on a master slide
      2m 11s
  4. 12m 53s
    1. Layout and alignment of objects
      7m 28s
    2. Understanding stacking order
      5m 25s
  5. 35m 44s
    1. Working with free text objects
      4m 23s
    2. Comparing types of text objects
      4m 14s
    3. Formatting text in Keynote
      4m 5s
    4. Working with shape objects
      6m 40s
    5. Working with advanced shapes and colors
      5m 44s
    6. Using connection lines
      4m 40s
    7. Adding hyperlinks
      5m 58s
  6. 32m 43s
    1. Adding and formatting tables
      4m 16s
    2. Building conditional formatting and calculations
      4m 48s
    3. Chart types
      3m 44s
    4. Working with chart data
      5m 17s
    5. Formatting charts
      6m 10s
    6. Working with 3D charts
      5m 10s
    7. Linking charts with Numbers '09
      3m 18s
  7. 29m 17s
    1. Working with graphic files
      7m 49s
    2. Working with multimedia files
      4m 41s
    3. Applying masks
      6m 55s
    4. Applying image adjustments
      4m 15s
    5. Using the Instant Alpha tool
      5m 37s
  8. 18m 8s
    1. Using 2D and 3D transitions
      6m 11s
    2. Creating transitions with text effects
      3m 9s
    3. Creating transitions with object effects
      4m 16s
    4. Introducing Magic Move
      4m 32s
  9. 30m 27s
    1. Using basic build parameters
      7m 33s
    2. Expanding on basic builds
      5m 20s
    3. Creating table and chart builds
      6m 41s
    4. Using smart builds
      3m 21s
    5. Building basic actions
      3m 43s
    6. Creating actions on a path
      3m 49s
  10. 28m 36s
    1. Using the Document Inspector
      5m 39s
    2. Organizing slides in the slide navigator
      2m 57s
    3. Organizing a presentation in Outline mode
      2m 54s
    4. Playing a slideshow
      2m 46s
    5. Adding notes
      1m 42s
    6. Using the Presenter Display
      5m 21s
    7. Recording narration for a slideshow
      3m 2s
    8. Using remote controls
      4m 15s
  11. 34m 54s
    1. Saving Keynote files
      5m 39s
    2. Saving a Keynote presentation as a PowerPoint file
      2m 17s
    3. Exporting presentations as PDFs
      3m 56s
    4. Sharing a Keynote presentation as a QuickTime movie
      7m 57s
    5. Exporting presentations as still images
      2m 14s
    6. Adding comments on a presentation
      1m 42s
    7. Collaborating with iWork.com
      7m 54s
    8. Printing presentations
      3m 15s
  12. 21s
    1. Goodbye
      21s

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