Start learning with our library of video tutorials taught by experts. Get started

Joomla! 1.5: Creating and Editing Custom Templates

Styling a footer


From:

Joomla! 1.5: Creating and Editing Custom Templates

with Jen Kramer

Video: Styling a footer

Our website is coming along really well and the site is looking great, but we still have one final problem and that's the footer of this web page, which is not quite what we want it to be. What we have going on at the bottom of this web page are two modules. We have a module for the copyright and a module for the privacy policy and terms and conditions. As I mentioned earlier, the copyright itself could have just been text that we included in the template, but I have put it in a module so that it's easier for non-technically oriented people to go in later and update the date. What we need to do now is make sure that this copyright date is over on the left plus the privacy policy and the terms and conditions are in a horizontal orientation over to the right.

Watch this entire course now—plus get access to every course in the library. Each course includes high-quality videos taught by expert instructors.

Become a member
Please wait...
Joomla! 1.5: Creating and Editing Custom Templates
2h 11m Intermediate Dec 02, 2008

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Custom templates are the key to making a Joomla!-driven website stand out. In Joomla! 1.5 Creating and Editing Custom Templates, Jen Kramer McKibben offers instruction and insight to help Joomla! users create eye-popping websites. Jen starts with the basics, like how to add the Joomla! template codes to a static HTML layout, install the template package, and clean up styling after installation. She also shows how to make multiple layouts within the same Joomla! template, configure menus and submenus, and more. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Converting HTML comps to Joomla! templates
  • Troubleshooting installation problems
  • Creating XML and index files
  • Placing random images
  • Configuring menus and submenus
  • Changing the favicon
Subjects:
Web CMS Web Development
Software:
Joomla!
Author:
Jen Kramer

Styling a footer

Our website is coming along really well and the site is looking great, but we still have one final problem and that's the footer of this web page, which is not quite what we want it to be. What we have going on at the bottom of this web page are two modules. We have a module for the copyright and a module for the privacy policy and terms and conditions. As I mentioned earlier, the copyright itself could have just been text that we included in the template, but I have put it in a module so that it's easier for non-technically oriented people to go in later and update the date. What we need to do now is make sure that this copyright date is over on the left plus the privacy policy and the terms and conditions are in a horizontal orientation over to the right.

So, we are going to write some code to do that. First of all, let's start by viewing the HTML. And down at the bottom of the page, you will see that we have a div. Within the div id footer, we have div class called moduletableleft, and that's just the words copyright 2008 Bliss No. 5 Chocolate. Then we have a div with a class of moduletableright which contains the list that is our navigation bar, which just includes the privacy policy and the terms and conditions. We need to float these moduletableleft and the moduletableright next to each other and then do the rest of the styling. So, once again, we are going to go into CSS > Edit CSS, and over to the Default tab. All the way down at the bottom of the styles sheet is where our footer styles list. What I am going to do is I am going to float my moduletableleft and my moduletableright, both to the left next to each other.

So let's write a style for that. # footer div.moduletableleft, # footer div.moduletableright. And we are going to float left. So you can see that those two items are now floated left, next to each other. For the moduletableleft, that's the copyright statement, I am going to give it a bit of the margin on the left hand side to move it over from the left a little bit, instead of being squashed up against the side. So footer div.moduletableleft. Now, we will have a bit of a margin there. That will move it over a little bit more.

Now let's style the menu for the privacy policy and the terms and conditions. So for the unordered list itself, we want to set the list style type to none. That will turn off the bullets and then we want to just make sure that it has no margin and padding. Next, we are going to float the li elements next to each other so that we will have a horizontally orientated navigation bar. So for then the footer or the lis, we would like them to float left. So now everything is all run in to each other, so we will need a little bit of padding.

The padding on the left, we will set it to 2 em. That will give us a nice space between the copyright statement as well as between privacy policy and terms and conditions. I am also going to set the padding on this for the bottom to zero. That will change nothing in Firefox. Once again this get around an Internet Explorer problem. Finally we just need to assign the link color and maybe a hover state. So footer a link, footer a visited. That will look very pale and blend in with the background. But once that background footer image shows up again, which is that much darker teal, those links will pop out a little bit. And finally, a hover state. We will make that white. And if all goes well, that should be the look for our footer of the web page. It's very hard to tell because the background images aren't showing up here in Firefox.

So before we decide that this is completely done, let's copy and paste in the styles into our Joomla! style sheet and do a double check to make sure this is what we really want. So once again Ctrl or Command+A, Ctrl or Command+C to copy, back to the Joomla! website, Edit CSS, default.CSS edit, and Ctrl+A, Ctrl+V, and save. And let's go back to the website and refresh and we scroll to the bottom.

That is looking really good now and our hover state is working as well, when we hover over our links. The styling in this footer works very well for this website because the privacy policy and the terms and conditions are visually different than the copyright statement. Copyright statement is not clickable but of course the privacy policy and the terms and conditions are clickable. And that's pretty clearly differentiated between the look of these two items. They are also not using terribly bright colors on this web page because we don't really want to feature the footer. It's just some additional information for the website which is why it's at the bottom of the page to start with. Not many people are going to be interested in looking at the privacy policy or the terms and conditions. But we do want to make them available. So they are best suited to the bottom of the web page as opposed to the top, in the main navigation which most visitors will be interested in.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Joomla! 1.5: Creating and Editing Custom Templates.


Expand all | Collapse all
Please wait...
Q: When creating and uploading custom templates as described in Joomla! Creating and Editing Custom Templates , the following error occurs:

XML Parsing Error at 1:1. Error 4: Empty document
JInstaller::install: File '/tmp/install_4bd887e090339/css/default.css' does not exist.


What is causing this error?
A: Check through the errors described in the “Fixing typical installation problems” video (e.g. files included in the install package that are not listed in the XML file; the XML file lists files that are not in the install package; XML is badly formed). Also check for permissions issues with your server.
In all likelihood, if this message appears, there is an error with the XML file, possibly a typo or a misnamed file. Make sure the CSS file is called default.css and is located in the CSS folder. Also, make sure everything is spelled correctly.
Share a link to this course
Please wait... Please wait...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.
Upgrade now


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Upgrade now

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Joomla! 1.5: Creating and Editing Custom Templates.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Welcome to the redesigned course page.

We’ve moved some things around, and now you can



Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked