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Joomla! 1.5: Styling with CSS shows how those familiar with Joomla! and with hand-coded HTML and CSS can take the next step in creating a dynamic website with a unique look and feel. Jen Kramer McKibben goes deep into the functionality of this open-source content management system, exploring topics like putting more style into modules, editing CSS on the fly using the Firefox Web Developer toolbar, creating horizontal and vertical menu layouts, and including images in those menus. Exercise files accompany the course.
As a quick review, let's take a look at the template code in the template.css. This is a review of the Joomla! Creating and Editing Custom Templates course. I would like to just review quickly where the HTML is located and the Joomla! codes that control the modules. So if you will go to the back end of your website and make sure you have logged in, we are going to go to Extensions> Template Manager. There are four templates that are associated with this website. Three of which have come by default with Joomla! and the fourth one called Inside is the custom template that we coded in the Joomla! Templates course.
It is also the template that was installed by default when you installed the lynda.com tutorial component and ran it. I will select Inside and select Edit. From this screen, we can edit the HTML or edit the CSS. I am going to show you the HTML now. In our Joomla! template, we have several regions of this web page that are calling for modules. Right here in this particular line is the code that calls for a module. This module is assigned a position of top, which we will find in the drop-down in our Module Manager and the style is XHTML.
XHTML means that a single div generally of the class of module cable will be wrapped around the particular modules that are in the top position. But there are some other choices that we can use for the XHTML style. Another style that we are going to use later in the course is rounded. Rounded puts four divs around the particular module and that will help us to get some rounded corners associated with the outside box of our modules. Other choices that you can use in this spot include Outline, which is useful for debugging. Vertical, which is a table-based layout that will layout your modules in a table in a vertical direction, one module per cell. Horizontal, which will write a table with a series of cells going horizontally, one module per cell.
None is also a position. None will not write any mark-up surrounding the module at all. But it also will not write the module title in place if you have decided that you want the module title to show. Let's also take a look at the HTML that we can use for setting up menu items. I have canceled out the HTML screen because I don't want to make any changes at this point in time and I am going to cancel out this screen as well. Now I am going to go to Extensions > Module Manager and I am going to take a look at our Main Menu Setting.
By default, when you create a new menu in Joomla!, a module is also created. The menu controls will allow you to add pages and components to your menu structure where the module determines where that menu will appear on your web page. As with all Joomla! modules, on the left side of the page, there is space for a title, whether that title will show or not, whether the module is enabled or not, and what position your module will appear. These positions, as we learned in the Joomla! Templates course, are controlled by your XML file. We can also assign this particular module to certain pages on the site.
On the right side of the page, there are a number of settings that are associated with your menus. You can choose which menu you wish to display within the module and you can choose the menu style. The menu style I recommend you always use is List, which may be written inside of a div if that's the way you have configured it. The three legacy settings are old settings in Joomla!. And they are generally based on table layouts. I recommend that you not use these. There are plenty of other parameters that are located inside Menu module such as those under Advanced Parameters and these under Other Parameters. I will be going through these in another movie where we will actually be applying a few of these to the menus on our website.
Now you have a handle on where all of the HTML is coming from that comprises your website and now you know where to go to change that HTML for styling purposes. We will be using this many times in this course.
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