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InDesign Typography
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Working with line breaks and discretionary hyphens


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InDesign Typography

with Nigel French

Video: Working with line breaks and discretionary hyphens

If we don't like the way InDesign is breaking our words, we can use a discretionary hyphen to insert the Hyphen Break at a different point in the word. Sometimes we can get rather unpredictable results with this. In the case of the word illustration on this first line if I want to insert the Hyphen Break at a different point, then as long as I insert my cursor before the current Hyphen Break then I'm going to put it between the U and the S, Command+Shift+Hyphen, or Ctrl+Shift+Hyphen, and then that will cause the Hyphen Break to occur right there.
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  1. 4m 4s
    1. Welcome
      55s
    2. Using the exercise files
      51s
    3. Customizing the workspace for type
      2m 18s
  2. 55m 41s
    1. Working with text frames
      8m 26s
    2. Using a primary text frame (CS6 only)
      3m 59s
    3. Understanding text flow methods
      6m 25s
    4. Understanding text threads
      3m 40s
    5. Understanding Smart Text Reflow
      2m 27s
    6. Mocking up pages with placeholder text
      5m 47s
    7. Placing multiple text files
      3m 50s
    8. Using Auto-Size text frames (CS6 only)
      4m 1s
    9. Copying and pasting vs. placing
      2m 25s
    10. Cleaning up text with Find/Change
      5m 46s
    11. Using the Story Editor
      3m 41s
    12. Spanning columns
      5m 14s
  3. 45m 50s
    1. Choosing your type
      6m 46s
    2. Understanding text essentials
      6m 37s
    3. Scaling type
      2m 27s
    4. Using italic and oblique type
      4m 33s
    5. Working with condensed and extended type
      4m 26s
    6. Setting type in all caps
      3m 46s
    7. Setting type in small caps
      4m 21s
    8. Underlining type
      4m 11s
    9. Using superscript and subscript
      4m 35s
    10. Applying baseline shift
      4m 8s
  4. 16m 6s
    1. Understanding type anatomy
      3m 25s
    2. Exploring serif and sans serif
      2m 48s
    3. Comparing points, picas, and ems
      8m 34s
    4. What's in a name?
      1m 19s
  5. 16m 27s
    1. Setting leading
      4m 56s
    2. Avoiding auto-leading
      4m 12s
    3. Leading shortcuts and preferences
      4m 7s
    4. Using autoleading with inline graphics
      3m 12s
  6. 21m 25s
    1. Defining kerning and tracking
      2m 5s
    2. Understanding kerning methods
      5m 10s
    3. When and how to kern
      5m 53s
    4. When and how to track
      8m 17s
  7. 45m 48s
    1. Working with quotes, primes, and apostrophes
      8m 16s
    2. Using dashes
      5m 24s
    3. Using ellipses
      2m 56s
    4. Working with accents and special characters
      4m 1s
    5. Using space characters
      4m 15s
    6. Working with ligatures
      4m 29s
    7. Setting fractions
      3m 56s
    8. Using lining and proportional numerals
      2m 49s
    9. Using alternates, swashes, and ornaments
      5m 2s
    10. Working with optical sizes
      4m 40s
  8. 57m 20s
    1. Understanding alignment
      3m 47s
    2. Working with left-aligned type
      3m 24s
    3. Working with justified type
      7m 5s
    4. Using Optical Margin Alignment
      3m 39s
    5. Determining column width
      4m 53s
    6. Working with center alignment
      5m 36s
    7. Working with right alignment
      1m 22s
    8. Aligning to or away from the spine
      1m 50s
    9. Understanding the Paragraph Composer and Single-line Composer
      3m 44s
    10. Combining alignments
      9m 20s
    11. Using hanging punctuation
      2m 13s
    12. Working with vertical alignment
      10m 27s
  9. 14m 9s
    1. Using first-line indents
      2m 26s
    2. Using indent alternatives
      2m 3s
    3. Working with left and right indents
      4m 0s
    4. Using last-line indents and outdents
      1m 26s
    5. Using paragraph spacing
      4m 14s
  10. 23m 19s
    1. Setting hyphenation
      6m 14s
    2. Working with line breaks and discretionary hyphens
      4m 48s
    3. Balancing ragged lines
      1m 36s
    4. Using the No Break feature and non-breaking characters
      2m 52s
    5. Using frame, column, and page breaks
      3m 42s
    6. Defining Keep Options
      4m 7s
  11. 37m 53s
    1. Understanding tabs
      8m 58s
    2. Considerations for table text
      3m 55s
    3. Table tips and tricks
      11m 55s
    4. Creating a bulleted list
      6m 50s
    5. Creating a numbered list
      3m 46s
    6. Creating a multi-level numbered list
      2m 29s
  12. 23m 12s
    1. Understanding drop caps
      11m 3s
    2. Navigating tricky drop caps
      5m 14s
    3. Using a nested character style with a drop cap
      3m 59s
    4. Other uses of drop caps
      2m 56s
  13. 1h 11m
    1. Understanding paragraph and character styles
      7m 13s
    2. Creating, applying, and editing styles
      7m 3s
    3. Removing overrides
      4m 58s
    4. Creating and applying character styles
      5m 4s
    5. Creating and applying nested styles
      12m 30s
    6. Using GREP styles (regular expressions)
      4m 8s
    7. Creating and applying sequential styles
      6m 19s
    8. Using paragraph rules creatively
      11m 48s
    9. Mapping Word styles
      6m 12s
    10. Working with anchored objects and object styles
      6m 24s
  14. 25m 30s
    1. Applying a text wrap
      6m 7s
    2. Making items ignore a text wrap
      1m 46s
    3. Using text wraps for flexible layouts
      3m 2s
    4. Working with difficult text wraps
      8m 39s
    5. Inverting text wraps
      2m 7s
    6. Setting text wrap preferences
      3m 49s
  15. 29m 33s
    1. Choosing a page size and setting margins
      6m 33s
    2. Setting up columns
      2m 53s
    3. Dividing a page into rows
      3m 27s
    4. Setting up a baseline grid
      5m 40s
    5. Handling baseline grid problems
      3m 37s
    6. Baseline grid tricks
      7m 23s
  16. 12m 19s
    1. Looking at screen documents
      4m 2s
    2. Setting size, leading, and line length onscreen
      3m 13s
    3. Exploring typefaces designed for the screen
      3m 36s
    4. Accessibility: Contrast and color
      1m 28s
  17. 28s
    1. Goodbye
      28s

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InDesign Typography
8h 20m Intermediate Aug 03, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Explore the numerous type options, type-related features, and type-specific preferences of Adobe InDesign. Using practical, real-world examples, instructor and designer Nigel French dissects the anatomy of a typeface and defines the vocabulary of typography. The course moves from the micro to the macro level, addressing issues such as choosing page size, determining the size of margins, adjusting number columns, and achieving a clean look with baseline grids. This course takes you from laying out a page to delving into the hows and whys of typography.

Topics include:
  • Understanding text threads and text flow methods in InDesign
  • Using Copy and Paste vs. Place
  • Choosing and combining typefaces
  • Understanding leading and how it relates to type size and column width
  • Comparing points, picas, and ems
  • Learning the proper use of white space and break characters
  • Understanding the finer points of kerning and tracking
  • Working with punctuation, special characters, ornaments, and ligatures
  • Aligning text
  • Applying global formatting with paragraph, character, and object styles
  • Refining spacing with indents
  • Creating drop caps
  • Avoiding common problems associated with justified type and text wraps
  • Setting up margins and columns
Subjects:
Design Page Layout Typography
Software:
InDesign
Author:
Nigel French

Working with line breaks and discretionary hyphens

If we don't like the way InDesign is breaking our words, we can use a discretionary hyphen to insert the Hyphen Break at a different point in the word. Sometimes we can get rather unpredictable results with this. In the case of the word illustration on this first line if I want to insert the Hyphen Break at a different point, then as long as I insert my cursor before the current Hyphen Break then I'm going to put it between the U and the S, Command+Shift+Hyphen, or Ctrl+Shift+Hyphen, and then that will cause the Hyphen Break to occur right there.

However, if I try and have the Hyphen Break anywhere after the current point then it's going to carry the whole word down to the next line, and the reason for that being that there isn't enough room on line one for the larger word fragment to fit, so we can't aspect the impossible from InDesign. Just a point worth making here, if you are adding in your own discretionary hyphens just be careful about the word fragments that you create. For example, if I were to cause the hyphen to go right there then I have created an unfortunate word fragment that is just going to confuse the meaning of the text.

If we have a piece of jargon, some technical terms that is not in our User Dictionary, we can add it to the User Dictionary and determine how it hyphenates. I'm going to select this word right-click on it and then come to Spelling and then go to my User Dictionary where I can click on Hyphenate, and it's showing me that what it would like to have the hyphenation breaks be, if I want to change that I can change the position of these tildes, and I can rank them if I were to make one of those a single tilde that would be the first choice and then the others would be the equal second choices.

Now let's look at an unexpected use of the discretionary hyphen, because we saw just a moment ago how we can use it to cause a word to break differently, but we can also use it to prevent a word from breaking. Here I have four identical pieces of text, they're all a chapter opening and the problem is that the first line has a Hyphen Break on it, and that's something that we'd like to avoid. So the way to absolutely not fix this is just to use a Hard Return at the end of that line to carry the words down to the next line, that's going to create a problem like this where the new paragraph that is created would inherit the values from the paragraph that it came from, in this case, a big Drop Cap so that's just making the problem a whole lot worse.

An improvement would be to use a Soft Return or Shift+Return or Line Break, all those three things the same. By inserting your cursor before the T of thirteen pressing Shift+Return that's going to carry that word down to the next line. The only problem with this approach is that in this case you can see that it's created some big word spaces on the first line. So the best solution is to use a discretionary hyphen, and that's what's happened here, and we can see with my hidden characters shown and my Guides turned on we can see the hidden character for discretionary hyphen.

I'm just going to delete that, I put my cursor in front of the word and press Command+Shift+Hyphen, and then that will cause the word to actually come back up to the previous line. So if you want to prevent a word from breaking put a discretionary hyphen in front of it. And lastly we have the issue of the nonbreaking hyphen, if you have text that has a lot of telephone numbers or web addresses that have hyphens in them, and you want to prevent them from breaking at that hyphen creating this very unfortunate word break that we have here, you might try using a nonbreaking hyphen.

We can see that it's not going to work that great though, but let me copy that text frame and then what I'll do is select that currently breaking hyphen or sometimes referred to as a hard hyphen right there and right-click on it and then come down to Insert Special Character > Hyphens and Dashes there we see the discretionary hyphen where we're using before and here we have what we're off to this time, the nonbreaking hyphen and indeed that does prevent a Hyphen Break happening within that piece of text, but in fixing one problem it has created another.

So, in a case like this the better solution would be to select this piece of text and come and apply a No Break to it. So there we have several things relating to hyphens, nonbreaking hyphens, and unexpected use of the discretionary hyphen, and then controlling exactly how your words break using a discretionary hyphen to insert a Hyphen Break at a particular point in the word.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about InDesign Typography.


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The exercise files provided aren't working in my version of InDesign (CS4, CS5, or CS5.5). What should I use?
This course was recorded using InDesign CS6. For InDesign users working with CS4, CS5, or CS5.5, IDML files are provided.
Q: Where can I learn more about graphic design?
A: Discover more about this topic by visiting graphic design on lynda.com.
 
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