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InDesign Typography

Working with left-aligned type


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InDesign Typography

with Nigel French

Video: Working with left-aligned type

When we work with left aligned text, the challenge that left aligned text presents us with is what do we do with the extra space at the end of the line? Every word space with left aligned text is going to equal every other word's space, and that bodes very well in terms of getting consistent density or type color. But the line lengths are necessarily going to vary, and we don't want them to vary too much. We want what's termed an even rag. So how do we get an even rag? So here I have a passage from A Christmas Carol, and I am going to copy this text frame over to the right-hand column, right there, and I'm going to do a couple of things to it and hopefully make it better.
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  1. 4m 4s
    1. Welcome
      55s
    2. Using the exercise files
      51s
    3. Customizing the workspace for type
      2m 18s
  2. 55m 41s
    1. Working with text frames
      8m 26s
    2. Using a primary text frame (CS6 only)
      3m 59s
    3. Understanding text flow methods
      6m 25s
    4. Understanding text threads
      3m 40s
    5. Understanding Smart Text Reflow
      2m 27s
    6. Mocking up pages with placeholder text
      5m 47s
    7. Placing multiple text files
      3m 50s
    8. Using Auto-Size text frames (CS6 only)
      4m 1s
    9. Copying and pasting vs. placing
      2m 25s
    10. Cleaning up text with Find/Change
      5m 46s
    11. Using the Story Editor
      3m 41s
    12. Spanning columns
      5m 14s
  3. 45m 50s
    1. Choosing your type
      6m 46s
    2. Understanding text essentials
      6m 37s
    3. Scaling type
      2m 27s
    4. Using italic and oblique type
      4m 33s
    5. Working with condensed and extended type
      4m 26s
    6. Setting type in all caps
      3m 46s
    7. Setting type in small caps
      4m 21s
    8. Underlining type
      4m 11s
    9. Using superscript and subscript
      4m 35s
    10. Applying baseline shift
      4m 8s
  4. 16m 6s
    1. Understanding type anatomy
      3m 25s
    2. Exploring serif and sans serif
      2m 48s
    3. Comparing points, picas, and ems
      8m 34s
    4. What's in a name?
      1m 19s
  5. 16m 27s
    1. Setting leading
      4m 56s
    2. Avoiding auto-leading
      4m 12s
    3. Leading shortcuts and preferences
      4m 7s
    4. Using autoleading with inline graphics
      3m 12s
  6. 21m 25s
    1. Defining kerning and tracking
      2m 5s
    2. Understanding kerning methods
      5m 10s
    3. When and how to kern
      5m 53s
    4. When and how to track
      8m 17s
  7. 45m 48s
    1. Working with quotes, primes, and apostrophes
      8m 16s
    2. Using dashes
      5m 24s
    3. Using ellipses
      2m 56s
    4. Working with accents and special characters
      4m 1s
    5. Using space characters
      4m 15s
    6. Working with ligatures
      4m 29s
    7. Setting fractions
      3m 56s
    8. Using lining and proportional numerals
      2m 49s
    9. Using alternates, swashes, and ornaments
      5m 2s
    10. Working with optical sizes
      4m 40s
  8. 57m 20s
    1. Understanding alignment
      3m 47s
    2. Working with left-aligned type
      3m 24s
    3. Working with justified type
      7m 5s
    4. Using Optical Margin Alignment
      3m 39s
    5. Determining column width
      4m 53s
    6. Working with center alignment
      5m 36s
    7. Working with right alignment
      1m 22s
    8. Aligning to or away from the spine
      1m 50s
    9. Understanding the Paragraph Composer and Single-line Composer
      3m 44s
    10. Combining alignments
      9m 20s
    11. Using hanging punctuation
      2m 13s
    12. Working with vertical alignment
      10m 27s
  9. 14m 9s
    1. Using first-line indents
      2m 26s
    2. Using indent alternatives
      2m 3s
    3. Working with left and right indents
      4m 0s
    4. Using last-line indents and outdents
      1m 26s
    5. Using paragraph spacing
      4m 14s
  10. 23m 19s
    1. Setting hyphenation
      6m 14s
    2. Working with line breaks and discretionary hyphens
      4m 48s
    3. Balancing ragged lines
      1m 36s
    4. Using the No Break feature and non-breaking characters
      2m 52s
    5. Using frame, column, and page breaks
      3m 42s
    6. Defining Keep Options
      4m 7s
  11. 37m 53s
    1. Understanding tabs
      8m 58s
    2. Considerations for table text
      3m 55s
    3. Table tips and tricks
      11m 55s
    4. Creating a bulleted list
      6m 50s
    5. Creating a numbered list
      3m 46s
    6. Creating a multi-level numbered list
      2m 29s
  12. 23m 12s
    1. Understanding drop caps
      11m 3s
    2. Navigating tricky drop caps
      5m 14s
    3. Using a nested character style with a drop cap
      3m 59s
    4. Other uses of drop caps
      2m 56s
  13. 1h 11m
    1. Understanding paragraph and character styles
      7m 13s
    2. Creating, applying, and editing styles
      7m 3s
    3. Removing overrides
      4m 58s
    4. Creating and applying character styles
      5m 4s
    5. Creating and applying nested styles
      12m 30s
    6. Using GREP styles (regular expressions)
      4m 8s
    7. Creating and applying sequential styles
      6m 19s
    8. Using paragraph rules creatively
      11m 48s
    9. Mapping Word styles
      6m 12s
    10. Working with anchored objects and object styles
      6m 24s
  14. 25m 30s
    1. Applying a text wrap
      6m 7s
    2. Making items ignore a text wrap
      1m 46s
    3. Using text wraps for flexible layouts
      3m 2s
    4. Working with difficult text wraps
      8m 39s
    5. Inverting text wraps
      2m 7s
    6. Setting text wrap preferences
      3m 49s
  15. 29m 33s
    1. Choosing a page size and setting margins
      6m 33s
    2. Setting up columns
      2m 53s
    3. Dividing a page into rows
      3m 27s
    4. Setting up a baseline grid
      5m 40s
    5. Handling baseline grid problems
      3m 37s
    6. Baseline grid tricks
      7m 23s
  16. 12m 19s
    1. Looking at screen documents
      4m 2s
    2. Setting size, leading, and line length onscreen
      3m 13s
    3. Exploring typefaces designed for the screen
      3m 36s
    4. Accessibility: Contrast and color
      1m 28s
  17. 28s
    1. Goodbye
      28s

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InDesign Typography
8h 20m Intermediate Aug 03, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Explore the numerous type options, type-related features, and type-specific preferences of Adobe InDesign. Using practical, real-world examples, instructor and designer Nigel French dissects the anatomy of a typeface and defines the vocabulary of typography. The course moves from the micro to the macro level, addressing issues such as choosing page size, determining the size of margins, adjusting number columns, and achieving a clean look with baseline grids. This course takes you from laying out a page to delving into the hows and whys of typography.

Topics include:
  • Understanding text threads and text flow methods in InDesign
  • Using Copy and Paste vs. Place
  • Choosing and combining typefaces
  • Understanding leading and how it relates to type size and column width
  • Comparing points, picas, and ems
  • Learning the proper use of white space and break characters
  • Understanding the finer points of kerning and tracking
  • Working with punctuation, special characters, ornaments, and ligatures
  • Aligning text
  • Applying global formatting with paragraph, character, and object styles
  • Refining spacing with indents
  • Creating drop caps
  • Avoiding common problems associated with justified type and text wraps
  • Setting up margins and columns
Subjects:
Design Page Layout Typography
Software:
InDesign
Author:
Nigel French

Working with left-aligned type

When we work with left aligned text, the challenge that left aligned text presents us with is what do we do with the extra space at the end of the line? Every word space with left aligned text is going to equal every other word's space, and that bodes very well in terms of getting consistent density or type color. But the line lengths are necessarily going to vary, and we don't want them to vary too much. We want what's termed an even rag. So how do we get an even rag? So here I have a passage from A Christmas Carol, and I am going to copy this text frame over to the right-hand column, right there, and I'm going to do a couple of things to it and hopefully make it better.

So I'm going to select this paragraph by clicking in it four times, and the first thing I'm going to do is turn on hyphenation. Now when you turn on hyphenation, of course you are making a compromise, you are breaking words at the end of the lines. Is it a compromise you want to make? I'll let you be the judge. Often hyphenation is the lesser of the evils, you can see already we now have a more even rag, but of course, we do have some broken words. I think we tend to read hyphenation without really even knowing that there are hyphens there. We read it, and it's not really affecting our comprehension of the text.

But when we turn on hyphenation, as you guess, things look at the hyphenation options. Now I don't want to get too deep into this because I do have a movie specifically talking about hyphenation later on, but we can just change a few things here to control how the hyphenation is happening, and I'm just going to do that. I'm going to be a little bit more strict with the hyphenation, and I'm going to get this slider, Better Spacing or Fewer Hyphens. There is a clear visual representation of the compromise that we are making.

Do we want Better Spacing? Do we want fewer hyphens? Choose one or the other. You can't have both. I'm going to go for Better Spacing. So then when I turn that on, we now have two words that are hyphenating. There is an extra thing I could do. I caution you about using this too much with continuous text. If I'm just working on this one paragraph, then it may work fine, sometimes it doesn't always work in a desirable way and sometimes it can lead your text to behave somewhat unpredictably when you're editing it, but it's this feature.

It is called Balance Ragged Lines, and that's exactly what it's going to aim to do. It's going to aim to give you as even a rag as possible. I think it's a very good feature when working with subheads and headings. And in this particular instance, I think it works well on this body text. Now if we compare these two, we can fairly clearly see that we have a more even rag on the right. Yes we do have three hyphenated words. Is that a compromise you want to make? Is it worth it? I'll let you be the judge, but I am now-- just to hammer home my point--it's going to come and choose a Character Style that I have prepared and apply this to the text to both pieces of text, and this Character Style will just highlight the length of the lines, and we see on the right-hand side a fairly clear demonstration that having applied hyphenation and having applied Balance Ragged Lines we do have a more even rag in this left aligned text.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about InDesign Typography.


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The exercise files provided aren't working in my version of InDesign (CS4, CS5, or CS5.5). What should I use?
This course was recorded using InDesign CS6. For InDesign users working with CS4, CS5, or CS5.5, IDML files are provided.
Q: Where can I learn more about graphic design?
A: Discover more about this topic by visiting graphic design on lynda.com.
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