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Working with CMYK images

From: InDesign CS4 Beyond the Basics

Video: Working with CMYK images

In the last chapter, I went on at some length about RGB images, but the truth is that many people still want to import CMYK images into InDesign and that's fine too, but there are a couple of things you need to keep in mind when importing CMYK files. Here, I have a CMYK file open in Photoshop and I want to save it to disk. So I'm going to go up to the File menu and choose Save As. I put this up on my desktop and I'm going to leave it named baking choco.psd. The first choice I have to make is which format to save this in. These days I normally just save files in the native Photoshop PSD file format. It's very robust, it's very flexible, it works great with InDesign and that's just fine.

Working with CMYK images

In the last chapter, I went on at some length about RGB images, but the truth is that many people still want to import CMYK images into InDesign and that's fine too, but there are a couple of things you need to keep in mind when importing CMYK files. Here, I have a CMYK file open in Photoshop and I want to save it to disk. So I'm going to go up to the File menu and choose Save As. I put this up on my desktop and I'm going to leave it named baking choco.psd. The first choice I have to make is which format to save this in. These days I normally just save files in the native Photoshop PSD file format. It's very robust, it's very flexible, it works great with InDesign and that's just fine.

TIFF is another good choice. It's even more flexible because you can use it in more programs, but it doesn't have all the features that Photoshop format has. Another good option might be JPEG. JPEG files are much smaller, of course. You can have a CMYK JPEG file. A lot of people don't realize that. It does come at the cost of having slight image degradation, but if you use the maximum quality JPEG, it's really not that big of a deal. You'll probably never notice. But in this case, I'm just going to leave this set to Photoshop to get a PSD file. Now, the next thing I want to choose is whether or not to embed my color profile. This is a really big deal and a lot of people don't realize it. A lot of people just embed the color profile for everything. But as we learned in an earlier movie in this chapter, InDesign by default ignores your embedded color profiles when it comes to CMYK images.

So what's the point of embedding them? You might say, well, what is the point of not embedding them? Well, here is the issue. With an RGB image, embedding a color profile is not a big deal at all. It's only like 1k or 2k added to the size of your file. But a CMYK image is different. When you embed a color profile in a CMYK image, it increases your file size 1, sometimes 2 megabytes. Now, that may not seem like a lot if you have a 50 megabyte file or something, but let's say you have 100 images. Well, all of a sudden you have 100 or 200 megabytes of extra data that you may not need.

Here's another example. What if you have a little, tiny 200k images, it's a little, tiny image that you're going to put on your page. Well, that 200k image suddenly becomes almost a 2 megabyte image, just because you embedded your color profile. So if InDesign is not going to be reading it, then just turn it off. You don't need it in there. Now, there are times when you might want to embed your color profile. For example, you might have targeted a very specific output device, where you need that color profile. You might want to embed it or maybe you're sending your document to somebody else and you have no idea of what they're going to be doing with it.

But you want to make sure that they have the proper settings for that image or you're sending a file to somebody else to do further work on, on their copy of Photoshop. If that's a CMYK image, you probably do want to embed your color profile. But if you're just importing it into InDesign and printing it, like so many of us do, then I just would not even bother embedding it at all. Okay, let's go ahead and save this file and import it into InDesign. I'll go back to InDesign, I'm going to select this frame down here and zoom it to 200%, just go a little bit closer there. That looks good. Now let's go ahead and place it, Command+D or Ctrl+D. I'll select my Photoshop file and I'm going to make sure Show Import Options is selected in the Place dialog box.

I'll click Open and I can see that I can turn on and off Layers if I need to. But what I want to do here is click on the Color tab to show you that you can specify your own color profile here from this pop-up menu. Now if there were an embedded color profile, it would show up above the Use Document Default. Embedded profiles always show up at the top of the list above Use Document Default. But in this case, it's not there, so I know that there has nothing been embedded in this image. If that was a mistake, if I really did want to apply a profile to this image, then I could go ahead and choose it here. But I'm not going to, because I'm going to show you a trick on how to do that inside InDesign, once it's already on the page.

I'll click OK, it imports here. Better go to Fitting and I'll just say Fit Content Proportionally, and then move this over a little bit so it's centered. That looks better. I make it even look better here by turning on High Quality Display. There we go. That's much better. Now, let's say somebody has sent me the CMYK file and then get an email from them later saying, oh! By the way, make sure you use my custom profile that I used for this document or else it's just not going to print right. Well, what do you do? It's already inside InDesign, so how do you tell InDesign to use a profile.

Well, you can do that by selecting the frame, going to the Object menu and choosing Image Color Settings. Here we have the same controls that we saw in the Import Options dialog box, the Profile and Rendering Intent. I can say I want this to have, oh let's say, a Coated FOGRA CMYK profile, because that's what the person wanted me to use, and I know that that's the proper profile for this particular image. I can also choose a Rendering Intent if I needed to choose something differently. For example, if this image has a lot of very rich colors, maybe I would want to use Perceptual. In general though, you just don't need to worry about Rendering Intents when it comes to CMYK images so much.

I'll go ahead and click OK, and we can see that it changed just a little bit. We don't see too much of a change, but it changed a little bit, because I told InDesign that it has a different profile and therefore InDesign interprets those colors differently. So that's a good thing. Even more importantly, when I output this, when I print this or I make a PDF document of this, and I specify my own CMYK output profile, which I'll be talking about in a later movie in this chapter. Once I do that, InDesign will convert this CMYK document from the profile I just told it to use into my output space. Now, if I had other CMYK images that I did not specify a profile, it just ignores them. It just sends the data through. It preserves the numbers. That's one of the settings that we had looked at in an earlier movie.

But in this case, it's not going to preserve the numbers. It's going to preserve the appearance of it based on that profile. Now, how can you tell how well your images will survive a conversion or how can you tell how your whole document is going to look when it's printed? The easiest way is to proof your document on screen. That's called soft proofing and that's what I'm going to cover in the next movie.

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This video is part of

Image for InDesign CS4 Beyond the Basics
InDesign CS4 Beyond the Basics

90 video lessons · 24592 viewers

David Blatner
Author

 
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  1. 2m 11s
    1. Welcome
      1m 3s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 8s
  2. 25m 16s
    1. Reviewing Control panel shortcuts
      8m 34s
    2. Managing panels
      6m 14s
    3. Letting InDesign do the math
      2m 52s
    4. Using Selection tool clicks
      1m 39s
    5. Using Quick Apply shortcuts
      3m 2s
    6. Setting up context shortcuts
      2m 55s
  3. 23m 51s
    1. Using column guides
      3m 42s
    2. Formatting and positioning guides
      5m 15s
    3. Setting first baseline options
      5m 30s
    4. Using the Document grid
      3m 13s
    5. Setting bleeds
      3m 3s
    6. Using slugs
      3m 8s
  4. 48m 2s
    1. Shuffling pages (or not)
      2m 47s
    2. Scaling objects to a specific size
      2m 32s
    3. Aligning objects to a page
      4m 41s
    4. Using advanced libraries
      4m 5s
    5. Using advanced anchored objects
      11m 21s
    6. Setting non-printing objects
      3m 10s
    7. Creating notes
      5m 23s
    8. Using Data Merge
      10m 41s
    9. Creating templates
      3m 22s
  5. 39m 32s
    1. Creating polygons and starbursts
      2m 35s
    2. Setting custom stroke styles
      5m 15s
    3. Using advanced effects
      8m 46s
    4. Making masks in InDesign
      4m 10s
    5. Integrating InDesign and Illustrator
      4m 59s
    6. Setting compound paths
      5m 4s
    7. Using advanced clipping paths
      6m 6s
    8. Using advanced image transparency
      2m 37s
  6. 55m 26s
    1. Using advanced text formatting
      5m 37s
    2. Using other languages
      4m 22s
    3. Setting advanced paragraph numbering
      3m 12s
    4. Using GREP to find/change
      6m 54s
    5. Managing glyphs
      5m 6s
    6. Finding and changing glyphs
      2m 39s
    7. Adding footnotes
      7m 57s
    8. Creating outlines
      3m 39s
    9. Setting conditional text
      9m 16s
    10. Creating cross-references
      6m 44s
  7. 33m 3s
    1. Advanced text importing
      7m 49s
    2. Using Apply Next Style
      5m 4s
    3. Advanced text styling
      6m 9s
    4. Setting load styles
      2m 58s
    5. Linking to text files on disk
      4m 1s
    6. Understanding GREP styles
      7m 2s
  8. 1h 4m
    1. Building a multi-document book
      4m 42s
    2. Setting page numbering across books
      7m 53s
    3. Setting chapter numbering
      6m 7s
    4. Using the Section Marker feature
      6m 53s
    5. Creating "Continued On..." numbers
      4m 44s
    6. Synchronizing documents in a book
      5m 41s
    7. Creating a table of contents
      11m 24s
    8. Indexing documents
      7m 24s
    9. Generating an index
      6m 47s
    10. Printing or exporting a book
      3m 10s
  9. 46m 4s
    1. Creating hyperlinks
      12m 53s
    2. Setting bookmarks
      6m 7s
    3. Creating buttons
      11m 16s
    4. Making movies
      8m 24s
    5. Creating sounds
      4m 51s
    6. Setting page transitions
      2m 33s
  10. 25m 59s
    1. Setting up swatch and style defaults
      3m 24s
    2. Using mixed ink colors
      6m 16s
    3. Working with duotones
      4m 23s
    4. Overprinting
      2m 10s
    5. Ink aliasing
      4m 50s
    6. Using the Kuler panel
      4m 56s
  11. 50m 27s
    1. Creating the transparency blend space
      4m 6s
    2. Understanding InDesign color settings
      9m 8s
    3. Assign Profile and Convert to Profile
      3m 26s
    4. Working with RGB images
      7m 54s
    5. Working with CMYK images
      6m 28s
    6. Soft-proofing
      5m 18s
    7. Managing color at print time
      7m 25s
    8. Managing color in a PDF export
      6m 42s
  12. 42m 1s
    1. Embedding preflight profiles
      5m 1s
    2. Using the Transparency Flattener preview
      3m 23s
    3. Reviewing Transparency Flattener settings
      6m 30s
    4. Setting print presets
      3m 35s
    5. Setting PDF presets
      3m 21s
    6. Exporting to XHTML
      7m 42s
    7. Exporting to SWF
      6m 45s
    8. Exporting to XFL
      5m 44s
  13. 25m 58s
    1. Understanding XML and InDesign
      6m 51s
    2. Structuring InDesign content
      4m 17s
    3. Importing XML
      6m 57s
    4. Exporting to XML
      7m 53s
  14. 34s
    1. Goodbye
      34s

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