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We're going to go ahead and take a look at when you would use rich black and how you create a rich black swatch. Rich black is needed when you have a large black coverage, because if you used 100% black ink when you print this job on a printing press, the black ink rollers couldn't keep up and you would get more of a gray, muddy look than a nice vibrant, rich black. So we're going to go ahead and look at our Separations Preview panel, and when we turn off our black plate, we can see that our entire cover goes away, which is a good indication this particular cover is currently 100% black.
I'm going to go and create a new swatch. Open up my Swatches panel, and I'm going to deselect Name with Color Value and type in Rich Black. Next, I'm going to enter 60% Cyan, 40% Magenta, 20% Yellow, and 100% Black. When I click OK, it adds it to my Swatches panel. Next, I'm going to select my cover and I'm going to apply to the fill this rich black. When I close my Swatches panel and I hover over my cover, I can see it's now made up of 60% Cyan, 40% Magenta, 20% Yellow, and 100% Black.
These four percentages give you a nice vibrant, rich black, and now I can be ensured that I will get a nice rich black cover. One thing to keep in mind though, is if you're not printing a four-color job, this will added expense. If it's only intended to be a two-color job or even a one-color job, some people just simply add one of the process inks behind the black. So you want to make sure you talk to your printer and see how this is going to be printed.
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