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When we are applying our drop cap, we want do so quickly and consistently. So we need a paragraph style. We also need a paragraph style that includes in it a nested character style so that we get to apply the formatting for the small caps as well. So let's see how we can do this. I am going to come to these examples on the right-hand side, and to my paragraph styles panel, these first two paragraphs have this paragraph style applied to them. I am going to edit that by right clicking on the style name, and then I am going to come down to Drop Caps and Nested Styles.
I will specify 4 lines for the Drop Cap to sink into the text, and now I get to choose a Character Style that can be applied to that drop cap. Often, you might want to use a contrasting font, or in this case, I am just going to use a different color. So I can choose from any of these available Character Styles that I may have already created. If I haven't already created Character Styles I can do so here, on the fly, by choosing New Character Style, and I am going to call this new drop cap, and then the only thing I am going to change is the color, like so, and we can see the drop cap apply.
Next, I want to apply small caps to the first four words. How many words you choose to apply small caps to, if you are using this style, is up to you, but typically, it's about 3 or 4. New Nested Style, once again I can choose for the ones I have created, or I can create a new one, and I am going to call it new small caps. Basic Character Formats what I want in this case is OpenType All Small Caps. Now there is seemingly a bit of a bug here, because when I choose that, it doesn't show up.
So and for that reason I am going to just choose Small Caps, which does show up, and then I am going to come back to OpenType All Small Caps, and now it does. Go figure. Anyway, that's a little bit problematic there. I'm now going to click OK, and we can see at the moment I have got small caps applied through one word. I actually want it to applied through four. And there is my drop cap with the first four words now in small caps.
So what if we want to apply small caps to the whole first-line rather than a specified number of words? We need a line style for this. So let's go and edit this paragraph style definition. This paragraph style line is based on this one here, first par 1, which is why it's inherited all of its values. We are not going to change this though. So I am going to come back to Drop Caps and Nested Styles, and we are now going to Delete the Nested Style and instead we are going to have a Line Style.
So I am going to choose all small caps for 1 line. And we are going to run into a problem. When I do that, we get the whole line in small caps, but we also get the first character in small caps. Now the reason for that is that when I chose this character style, I didn't specify the casing of the first character. That has not proved a problem up here, but it does prove a problem here. So all I need to do is go and edit the definition of this character style.
So I am going to click OK to come up here, and then we will come to the Character Styles panel and the one that we're after is new drop cap. I am going to right-click on that to edit it. Basic Character Formats, and we just need to say that we want the Casing here to be Normal. Problem solved. So I wanted to point that out to you because that is something that might otherwise trip you up if you haven't encountered that problem. But there we have a Line Style making the whole first-line into small caps as opposed to just a specified number of words.
Either approach you take, once you have it set up as a paragraph style, you can apply it with a single click.
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