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Explore the numerous type options, type-related features, and type-specific preferences of Adobe InDesign. Using practical, real-world examples, instructor and designer Nigel French dissects the anatomy of a typeface and defines the vocabulary of typography. The course moves from the micro to the macro level, addressing issues such as choosing page size, determining the size of margins, adjusting number columns, and achieving a clean look with baseline grids. This course takes you from laying out a page to delving into the hows and whys of typography.
In this movie, we're going to look at some character formatting options; specifically, working with italics. What are italics, and what are they not? Well, here we have some examples of, firstly, a real italic typeface, secondly, an italic typeface that has been faked, or slanted, and thirdly, an example of an oblique typeface. Let's come to the first example. This is Minion Italic, so if you have the real italic style of the typeface installed, then you can choose it right here from the font style menu.
If you're unfortunate enough to not have an italic style for the typeface that you're using, you can, in a pinch, fake it, and you would fake it using this option here; the slant. And I've given this type an angle of 12 degrees, but if we compare this to the real thing -- I'm just going to come to my layers here, and turn on this layer 3, where I've circled the As from each -- you can see that the real Italic version is separately drawn.
The characters are distinct from those of the Roman style or non-italic version. For example, the As are single story As, as opposed to two story As. That's probably the most noticeable difference in the characters. But if you look at those characters, particularly compare the Fs as well, they're quite different, and the faked version lacks the elegance of the real Italic type style. And the third example; wherever you see a typeface and its name is indicated as Oblique, or Slanted, this means that, as with the faked italics, the characters have not been re-drawn; they have just been slanted.
Now, you don't have to apply the slant using the slant field here. It does show up as a separate option on your type style, but as with the faked italics, you're going to really lack a certain elegance or differentiation here if you are using an oblique or slanted version, rather than a real Italic version. So when would we use italics? What's an appropriate use of italics, and an inappropriate use? Italics are mainly used to give emphasis, and they're used to give emphasis for things like film titles, book titles; foreign phrases within the main body of the text.
If you don't have the Italic style available to you, you could choose to give emphasis using a different technique, and here are some alternatives to using italic as a way of giving emphasis. You could make the words bold, you can apply them in a color, or you can use some sort of color highlight. All of these techniques can easily be applied through the use of Character Styles. They've each been incorporated into a Character Style. We'll be going into how to work with Character Styles later on in this title, but for now, I should just say that if I want this word to be italicized, rather than come up here, and apply it as a local change, I can come here, and apply as a style, or more global change.
And the relevance of that is that should I choose to change the way in which I'm giving emphasis, I can come and edit the style definition, and everywhere that this particular style has been applied will update throughout my document. One other thing about italics, and that is you can have too much of a good thing. Italics should be used sparingly. They are considered harder to read than Roman type, especially onscreen. Now, I know that reading both of these typefaces, the Roman version, and the italicized version onscreen is not that great, but the italic version I think you'll find harder to read, and certainly it would be a lot harder to read in print.
So they should be used sparingly; they should be used for emphasis only, rather than continuous bodies of text, especially if the line spacing is very tight. They can be very wearing on the eye. So those are a few things to consider when using the Italic style of any given typeface.
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