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Explore the numerous type options, type-related features, and type-specific preferences of Adobe InDesign. Using practical, real-world examples, instructor and designer Nigel French dissects the anatomy of a typeface and defines the vocabulary of typography. The course moves from the micro to the macro level, addressing issues such as choosing page size, determining the size of margins, adjusting number columns, and achieving a clean look with baseline grids. This course takes you from laying out a page to delving into the hows and whys of typography.
In this movie, I'm going to talk about some extra OpenType features, alternates, swashes, and ornaments. Now I have to start out by saying that I'm going to be using some fonts that you will not have as part of an InDesign standard installation. So these are extra fonts that I have purchased. And also, when you are applying these features, they are only available for certain fonts. So, you may find that if you're trying to use them on other fonts, they're not going to work. And the first of those features is something called contextual alternates, and I'm using a typeface called Caflisch Script Pro.
On the left-hand side, we see the type without contextual alternates applied and on the right width. So, what's the difference? Well, look at how the letters join in the example on the right-hand side, how the O joins the M, how the I joins to the B that precedes it, how we have this fancy Z, the O and the R nicely joins the O and the L. So, to turn on your contextual alternates, if it is a feature available to you, it's another thing on the OpenType menu.
So what's really nice about it is when you have this feature turned on, as soon as InDesign twigs what your intent is, it will change the character. So as soon as I type that M, the O that precede it is going to change its appearance. I'll just go and undo that, put it back to how it was. So now let's move on and look at applying these alternates in a slightly different way. Here, I'm using a typeface called Raniscript, and this is another typeface that is not part of the standard font set that comes with InDesign.
So I type this out just normally in the example above, and then I felt, well, I'd like to just spice this up a little bit just make it a little bit more special, and to do that, I'm using alternates. So, how does this work? I'm going to work on the example above. I'm going to select that typeface, and in conjunction with my Glyphs panel, I'm going to set my Glyphs panel to show me the alternates for the selection, which is that option right there.
So, I see in this case, I have three different Is that I can choose, and that's the one that I want to go for, and then I'm going to select the C, and I can see I have three different Cs available to me. Now, when I choose that one, it's then going to require that I change the R, because the R doesn't really go with the C that now precedes it. So I will change that one, too, and when we come to this letter that ends the word, I maybe like to have a little bit of a flourish there. So we'll apply that M and then, oh! We have a delicious looking D right there, and then to finish the whole phrase, we can end on a nice flourish, like so.
So those are alternates applied on a sort of case-by-case basis in conjunction with the Glyphs panel. So, now let's move on and take a look at something very similar but slightly different, and that is swash characters. So, on the left we have the type in Adobe Caslon Pro, no swash, and on the right the same thing but with the swash characters turned on. And swash characters, if they are available to you, you'll be able to access those from under the OpenType menu, and there they are right there, and that's made my text frame too big.
So I now have overset text, and I'll just need to slightly adjust that, and that's how it looks. So, next time you're having a pirate party, maybe you can consider using swash characters. Now, let's move on and look at ornaments. And you can use ornaments if you have them available in a couple of different ways. Well, more than a couple, but here are a couple of suggestions. You can use them in a very low-key way to maybe separate the different sections of a long body of text.
Here, I'm just using this pepper-like ornament, and I have inserted this using the Glyphs panel, which I went and closed. So, I will have to go back to my Type Menu to open it. But if I now switch my Glyphs panel to show me just my ornaments right there, those are the different options which for this font, Minion Pro, are available to me. Of course, you can mix and match ornaments from different typefaces, but these in theory have been designed to blend in nicely with the Minion Pro typeface.
So, as an alternative to that, rather than being subtle about it, you can really emphasize the ornament and go for some sort of treatment like this. So you can use them perhaps as graphics in their own right. So, we have looked at some different features available for OpenType Pro fonts and other open typefaces that have extended character sets.
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