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So this chapter is all about alignment and the different issues involved with aligning our text. There are principally four different alignment types in InDesign, and they are left, center, right, and left justified. Left aligned is sometimes referred to as ragged right, and justified is sometimes just referred to as justified as opposed to. On the menu it's listed as left justified. Now they're are actually eight different alignment icons. I'm going to switch to my paragraph format to bring all of those alignment icons over to the left, but there are the really four that we are concerned with for continuous reading text, and here they are, left center, right, left justify, or justify with last line aligned left, that's called there, same thing.
But the other four that I will be addressing, but only in passing, are aligned towards the spine and aligned away from the spine. These are ragged alignments. So when you line towards the spine, it's going to mean that on the left-hand side of a facing pages document you are right aligned and on a right-hand side of a placing pages documents you are left aligned. The converse being true of align away from spine. Not nearly as complicated as I just made it sound, and when we look at those two different alignment methods they will make perfect sense I guarantee it.
Then we also have two different forms of justification, justify with last aligned centered. Maybe poetry would be a suitable usage of that. It looks rather odd, and then one that you may have seen me use very briefly in an earlier movie, justify all lines, which is going to make the last line of a paragraph as well as all of the other line forced justify. Now if I just apply here, you can see what I'm talking about. And for continuous reading text, that's going to be a very undesirable choice.
But might be appropriate for some sort of title treatment, but we are concerned here with left, center, right, and left justify. So what are the implications of these different alignment methods? Principally, the main concern is what happens to the extra space, because every line is going to have a different number of characters on it. Every line is going to have a different amount of leftover space. Where does that space get distributed? Now in the case of left-aligned text, it's at the end of the line.
In the case of centered text, it's equally on the left and on the right. In the case of right-aligned text, it's on the left, and in the case of left justified text, that space is equally and hopefully--if you justify well--imperceptibly varied amongst the word spaces and possibly also between the letter spaces. So if I just turn on this extra layer that I have, you can see what I am talking about.
Those gray bars indicate where the space is, and in this last example left justify, those words spaces are not even. They're more or less even, but they all varying somewhat and they have to vary, because there are a different number of characters on each line. So I know that's on obvious point, but at the same time it's quite a profound point. What happens to the extra space, and that extra space and how it's distributed is going to have quite a big impact on how readable your text is.
So now we are going to go in the next movie and look at the implications specifically of working with left-aligned text.
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