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Every object on your page is in a stack. It's like each object is a separate piece of paper on your Desktop, and you can move them above and below each other. For the more technically minded among you, this is also called the object's Z-order. For example, each object has an X and Y coordinate on the page, and also a Z-Order, which describes which object is on top of which. I'm going to talk about how layers help you organize your objects in the next movie, but for now, let's just focus on how objects stack up on the one layer that every document has: layer 1.
Here in this brochure document from the exercise folder, I'm going to select this photograph in the upper right corner, and I want to change its stacking order. To do that, I go to the Object menu, and choose Arrange. Inside the Arrange submenu, I have several options, including Bring to Front, or Bring Forward. Because these last two options -- Send Backward, and Send to Back -- are grayed out, I know that this must be on the very bottom of my stack. There is no more down to go, but I can go up. I'm going to choose Bring Forward. Now, notice that it doesn't seem like anything happened.
That's because the stack of all those objects is spread wide. That is, it moved on top of another object, but that object is not necessarily over by that photograph. For that reason, there was no visual difference. However, if we go back to the Object menu, and go to Arrange, and choose Bring to Front, now it moves all the way to the top of the stack, on top of all these other objects. Let's try moving it behind some objects. I'll go to the Object menu, choose Arrange, and say Send Backward, and you'll see it moved right behind one of the objects on my page.
If I do it again, it moves down one more. Once again, I don't know what it moved behind, but it did move behind something. Now, what would be really cool is if we could get some kind of visual on these stacks, showing us exactly which objects are above or below others, and then allowing us to control it visually, instead of haphazardly with this menu command. And we're in luck, because InDesign does offer that. It's called the Layers panel.
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