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Setting vertical justification and first baseline position

From: InDesign CS5 Essential Training

Video: Setting vertical justification and first baseline position

I have my flower catalog open here, I'm going to click on this text frame in the lower-right corner of this page, zoom into 200% with Command+2, or Ctrl+2 on Windows, and open up the text frame Options dialog box from the Object menu. I can see that this has some Inset here, 2 millimeters Inset on all four sides. I can even see a little visual of that by this thin blue line that's kind of Inset from the text frame side. But now I want all this text to be centered in the text frame. Now I could go in and adjust the Top Inset Spacing to push it down, down, down until it looks centered, but that's just going to be too much trial and error.

Setting vertical justification and first baseline position

I have my flower catalog open here, I'm going to click on this text frame in the lower-right corner of this page, zoom into 200% with Command+2, or Ctrl+2 on Windows, and open up the text frame Options dialog box from the Object menu. I can see that this has some Inset here, 2 millimeters Inset on all four sides. I can even see a little visual of that by this thin blue line that's kind of Inset from the text frame side. But now I want all this text to be centered in the text frame. Now I could go in and adjust the Top Inset Spacing to push it down, down, down until it looks centered, but that's just going to be too much trial and error.

I'd rather have one quick fix for centering all this text, and I can get that by using the Vertical Justification control inside the text frame Options dialog box. Right now, the Align pop-up menu is set to Top, which means that the first line is going to start at the top of the frame. That's typically how text frames work. But if I'd change this to Center, then suddenly all the text gets centered in the text frame vertically. I can see that without closing the dialog box, because the Preview checkbox is turned on here. There is other controls in here as well, such as Bottom.

When it's set to Bottom, then the last line of the text frame bottoms out of the bottom minus the Bottom Text Inset. It bottoms all the way to that Text Inset line, and then all the other text kind of grows up from there. So if I added another line of text in here, it would push up from the bottom, instead of pushing further down. There is one last option in here, Justify, that I want to point out, but I'm not going to do that in this text frame, I'm going to click OK, scroll over here, and then do it to this text frame here. This text frame has a bunch of space at the bottom, and I'd like to get rid of that space.

So I'm going to press Command+B or Ctrl+B on Windows, open up the text frame Options dialog box, and change the Vertical Justification to Justify. Now when you change this to Justify, it tries to make every column justified from the top of the text frame to the bottom. So in this first column, it had to just add a little bit of space in between each line, and on the second column, it had to add a bunch of space in between each line. That's right, Vertical Justification, when it's set to Justify, it'll actually override the amount of space that goes from one baseline to the next, and force it to push all the way to the bottom.

Now if you ask me that looks pretty ugly, but some people like that sort of things, so it's good for you to know about, you can change this to Justify. Now fortunately there is one more thing you can do. I'm going to set this back to top, so we can see that there is a lot of space here, and in an earlier movie, we looked at the Balance Column feature. So I'm going to first turn on Balance Columns, and now you can see that both of the columns are balanced out, because InDesign added some extra space at the bottom of the text frame here automatically for me. Now, that it's balanced out, I'm going to change to Justify, and now it's added equivalent amount of space in each column so that they bottom out and it looks not so bad.

It still is not great, I don't like having this extra spacing here in between every line, but it's not quite as bad. So there is one more thing I'm going to do, and that is to change my Paragraph Spacing Limit. Right now, it's set to 0, which means that I'm letting InDesign add zero amount of space in between each paragraph to justify this text. But if I up this to something like 10 millimeters, then I'm telling InDesign to go ahead and add up to 10 millimeters of space in between each paragraph, so that you don't have to add as much space in between each line.

To me that looks a little bit better, but again it's up to you. You have some control here by adjusting the Paragraph Spacing Limit to tell InDesign how much space you're going to let it put in between each paragraph. All right! I'm going to click OK here, and I'll scroll up a little bit, and I want to control this text frame up here, this headline that's above the story. I'm going to open the text frame Options dialog box one more time, and I want to point out another way that I can control how far down this text is going to sit inside this text frame. In this case, I'm not going to use the Inset Spacing, not going to use Vertical Justification.

I'm going to use my Baseline Options. And when I click Baseline Options at the top of the text frame Options dialog box, I see that the dialog box completely changes, I'm looking at a new tab inside this dialog box. And I'm going to control this with First Baseline Offset. The First Baseline Offset lets you control where the first baseline of text falls in a text frame. So in this case, you can see that the first baseline that is the bottom of the text in this headline is going to be placed in such a way, so that the top of the ascenders hits the top of the frames.

I have various options here though to control that. For example, I could change it to Cap Height, and because Preview is turned on it updates automatically. And now the ascenders actually stickup above the text frame, but the Cap Height, the height of a capital letter is pushed up against to the top of the text frame. Let's look at a couple of other options here. x Height means the height of a lowercase letter. The x Height of the font is built into the font itself, the font designer specifies that. And now I can set that that is going be to be at the top of the text frame, but the ones I like are Leading and Fixed.

Leading means whatever the Leading is of this document, and we'll be talking about Leading in a later chapter. But every character has its own Leading, and whatever the overriding Leading of this line is, it's going to be used for the amount of space from the top of the frame to that first baseline. I find that very useful, but the other one I find really useful is Fixed, because Fixed means I get to specify exactly how much space I want from the baseline to the top of the frame. And I specify that here in this Min field, the Minimum field here.

Right now, it's set to 0, which means that there is zero space between the top of the frame and the baseline, but if I increase this to oh say 5 millimeters, and hit Tab, now I know exactly where that baseline is. It's exactly 5 millimeters from the top of the frame. So that's incredibly helpful when I'm trying to be extremely precise about the position of every item on my page. Okay, there are several other features inside the text frame Options dialog box including the Baseline Grid feature here, and this Ignore Text Wrap feature here, but those are a little bit more complex, so I'm going to cover those in later chapters.

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This video is part of

Image for InDesign CS5 Essential Training
InDesign CS5 Essential Training

135 video lessons · 89546 viewers

David Blatner
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 5m 50s
    1. Welcome
      1m 33s
    2. What is InDesign CS5?
      2m 26s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 51s
  2. 54m 49s
    1. Understanding the Application window
      6m 0s
    2. Navigating pages
      6m 39s
    3. Zooming and magnifying
      6m 57s
    4. Managing more than one document window
      3m 36s
    5. Setting rulers and measurements
      2m 9s
    6. Positioning panels correctly
      6m 28s
    7. Saving time by making workspaces
      3m 24s
    8. Setting the view quality of artwork
      4m 9s
    9. Adjusting View and Preview settings
      4m 56s
    10. Rotating pages and spreads
      3m 2s
    11. Displaying a new view with the New Window feature
      3m 29s
    12. Setting application and document preferences
      4m 0s
  3. 21m 31s
    1. Using the Tool panel
      8m 1s
    2. Learning and editing keyboard shortcuts
      6m 24s
    3. Working with spring-loaded tool shortcuts
      1m 17s
    4. Using contextual menus
      2m 51s
    5. Choosing menu items with Quick Apply
      2m 58s
  4. 45m 25s
    1. Creating new documents
      7m 28s
    2. Saving and reverting documents
      3m 41s
    3. Using multiple Undo and Revert
      4m 28s
    4. Setting margin and column guides
      5m 16s
    5. Using ruler guides
      8m 10s
    6. Bleeding colors or images off the side of the page
      4m 29s
    7. Saving objects in libraries
      4m 49s
    8. Exporting and importing page snippets
      4m 29s
    9. Saving for CS4 with IDML
      2m 35s
  5. 31m 18s
    1. Inserting, deleting, and moving pages
      7m 23s
    2. Changing page size
      6m 14s
    3. Adding page numbering
      3m 43s
    4. Changing page numbering with sections
      5m 58s
    5. Creating and applying master pages
      5m 20s
    6. Overriding master page items
      2m 40s
  6. 1h 21m
    1. Understanding text frames
      4m 6s
    2. Typing and editing text
      4m 36s
    3. Filling with placeholder text
      2m 38s
    4. Inserting special characters
      4m 43s
    5. Importing text
      7m 49s
    6. Threading text frames
      4m 1s
    7. Setting text frame columns and insets
      6m 32s
    8. Setting vertical justification and first baseline position
      6m 9s
    9. Putting text on a path
      6m 51s
    10. Using the Story Editor
      8m 43s
    11. Checking spelling
      7m 42s
    12. Using Find/Change
      9m 25s
    13. Tracking text changes
      8m 1s
  7. 49m 50s
    1. Importing graphics
      8m 11s
    2. Importing from Mini Bridge
      5m 27s
    3. Using the Links panel
      6m 34s
    4. Embedding links
      2m 37s
    5. Editing graphics in their original app
      3m 14s
    6. Fitting graphics to a frame
      6m 12s
    7. Taking advantage of image transparency and clipping paths
      4m 53s
    8. Adding live captions
      5m 56s
    9. Colorizing images
      2m 1s
    10. Turning image layers on and off
      4m 45s
  8. 46m 15s
    1. Selecting objects
      5m 32s
    2. Applying basic strokes and fills
      8m 18s
    3. Using advanced strokes
      3m 28s
    4. Adjusting transparency
      4m 38s
    5. Adding drop shadows
      6m 41s
    6. Applying feathering
      4m 25s
    7. Copying formatting with the Eyedropper tool
      4m 35s
    8. Finding and changing object formatting
      4m 50s
    9. Making polygons and starbursts
      3m 48s
  9. 22m 56s
    1. Making interactive documents
      2m 6s
    2. Adding hyperlinks
      5m 52s
    3. Building bookmarks
      3m 38s
    4. Creating buttons
      8m 57s
    5. Animating an object
      2m 23s
  10. 23m 29s
    1. Creating color swatches
      5m 52s
    2. The danger and power of unnamed colors
      4m 47s
    3. Building tint swatches
      2m 18s
    4. Creating gradient swatches
      3m 56s
    5. Applying gradients
      6m 36s
  11. 50m 0s
    1. Positioning objects with the Page Gap tool
      2m 53s
    2. Stacking objects
      2m 13s
    3. Creating and controlling layers
      3m 53s
    4. Managing objects in the Layers panel
      3m 37s
    5. Nesting objects
      2m 46s
    6. Editing frame and path shapes
      4m 6s
    7. Adding rounded corners and other corner options
      3m 57s
    8. Grouping objects
      3m 14s
    9. Locking objects
      2m 39s
    10. Aligning and distributing
      5m 43s
    11. Understanding text wrap
      8m 13s
    12. Using anchored objects
      6m 46s
  12. 18m 49s
    1. Duplicating objects
      5m 39s
    2. Rotating objects
      3m 3s
    3. Scaling objects
      3m 57s
    4. Mirroring objects
      3m 46s
    5. Using the Transform Again feature
      2m 24s
  13. 25m 52s
    1. Applying basic character styling
      7m 8s
    2. Applying advanced character formatting
      4m 54s
    3. Changing case
      2m 51s
    4. Understanding OpenType features
      3m 19s
    5. Using Find/Change for text formatting
      3m 18s
    6. Using Find Font
      4m 22s
  14. 45m 27s
    1. Applying formatting to a paragraph
      4m 14s
    2. Spanning a paragraph across multiple columns
      3m 5s
    3. Splitting a paragraph into multiple columns
      2m 1s
    4. Using drop caps
      3m 16s
    5. Adjusting text hyphenation
      3m 21s
    6. Fine-tuning justified text
      4m 19s
    7. Setting tabs
      5m 54s
    8. Aligning to a baseline grid
      4m 24s
    9. Controlling orphans and widows with Keep Options
      2m 39s
    10. Adding rules (lines) above or below a paragraph
      3m 14s
    11. Adding automatic bullets
      4m 39s
    12. Working with numbered lists
      4m 21s
  15. 31m 3s
    1. Creating and applying paragraph styles
      6m 34s
    2. Using character styles
      5m 43s
    3. Applying styles automatically with Nested Styles
      7m 19s
    4. Using object styles
      3m 27s
    5. Using Quick Apply with styles
      2m 49s
    6. Cleaning up a local formatting mess
      5m 11s
  16. 37m 0s
    1. Creating a table
      5m 54s
    2. Adjusting rows and columns
      6m 35s
    3. Formatting a table
      8m 5s
    4. Adding headers and footers
      1m 58s
    5. Applying table styles
      5m 32s
    6. Adding Microsoft Word and Excel tables
      8m 56s
  17. 10m 26s
    1. Checking your document with the Preflight panel
      2m 54s
    2. Creating a custom preflight profile
      4m 45s
    3. Checking color with the Separations Preview
      2m 47s
  18. 31m 7s
    1. Packaging for output
      4m 13s
    2. Using the Print dialog box
      10m 22s
    3. Exporting a PDF
      8m 47s
    4. Exporting an interactive PDF
      3m 59s
    5. Exporting text
      1m 36s
    6. Exporting SWF files
      2m 10s
  19. 1m 32s
    1. Finding more information and help
      1m 12s
    2. Goodbye
      20s

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