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If you've ever framed a photograph, you know that it's all about managing where the image sits inside the frame, how far from the edge, and so on. Well, text is the same way, and you can control where InDesign positions text inside of a frame, using the Text Frame options dialog box. Let me show you. I'm going to select this text frame in the upper right corner of the roux_flyer file from the Exercise Folder, and I'm going to zoom in on it by pressing Command+Spacebar and dragging or Ctrl+Spacebar on Windows. We can see that this text is actually pressed right up against the edge of the text frame, which looks just really ugly.
So we'd like to move that away from the edge of the frame. To do that, I open up the Text Frame Options dialog box by going to the Object menu and choosing Text Frame Options or pressing Command+B or Ctrl+B on Windows. The Inset Spacing section in the middle of this dialog box let's us control how much space they should be sort of padding or margins between the edge of the frame and the text. If you want to have different amounts of spacing on each of the four sides of this frame, then unlink this button. Just click on it to unlink it.
But in this case, we want to have the same amount of space on all four sides. I'll place the cursor inside this Top field and type 9points or P9 and when I hit Tab to jump to the next field, you'll see all of them change to 9points, and the text is inset inside the frame. Unfortunately, when I did that, the amount of space inside the frame was too small to fit all the text. So it became overset. I'm going to click OK, double-click inside of here and I'm simply going to delete some of that text in there, so I see the rest of it.
Wouldn't it be great if all edits were simple as that, if you could just go in there and delete the text? Well, in this case now we have two little text, and we have a bunch of space at the bottom of this text frame. What're we going to about that? Well, if we open the Text Frame Options dialog box again, if Command+B or Ctrl+B on Windows. Then we can change where that space is going to sit, by changing the Vertical Justification. The Vertical Justification let's us say where the text should be. Right now it's Aligned to the Top. So the top of this text is aligned with the inset at the top of the frame.
If I change this to Bottom, then you see that the bottom of the text snaps to the bottom inset, and all the extra space goes to the top. We can also change Align to Center. In that case, the text is all centered within the frame and the space is distributed at the top and the bottom. The fourth option is Justify. With Justify the top line is pinned to the top of the frame, the bottom line is pinned to the bottom of the frame and InDesign distributes the space between each of the lines in the story. Now, sometimes it adds too much space in between lines within a single paragraph, so you can tell it to add space between paragraphs instead of individual lines, by changing the Paragraph Spacing Limit.
Bump this up to something large like 2 inches. As soon as I hit Tab, it will convert that to picas because that's what this document is set to. But the point is that it will now add up to 2 inches or 12 Picas in between paragraphs, and it will not add the space in between lines within a paragraph. I'll click OK and I'm going to use that Vertical Justification in one other frame in this document, this frame over here which is on its side. I'll click inside of it because I have the Type tool selected. I could just as easily use the Selection tool.
I'll press Command+B or Ctrl+B and I'm going to change the Vertical Justification here to Center. Click OK and you can see that now the text is centered inside that frame. Unfortunately, as soon as you have your text set just so inside of the frame, your client or boss is going to come and tell you to edit it, right? Well, wouldn't it be cool if the Text Frame could actually get bigger or smaller, as you change the amount of text in that. Well, that's what we're going to see next.
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