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Setting text inset and vertical justification options

From: InDesign CS6 Essential Training

Video: Setting text inset and vertical justification options

If you've ever framed a photograph, you know that it's all about managing where the image sits inside the frame, how far from the edge, and so on. Well, text is the same way, and you can control where InDesign positions text inside of a frame, using the Text Frame options dialog box. Let me show you. I'm going to select this text frame in the upper right corner of the roux_flyer file from the Exercise Folder, and I'm going to zoom in on it by pressing Command+Spacebar and dragging or Ctrl+Spacebar on Windows. We can see that this text is actually pressed right up against the edge of the text frame, which looks just really ugly.

Setting text inset and vertical justification options

If you've ever framed a photograph, you know that it's all about managing where the image sits inside the frame, how far from the edge, and so on. Well, text is the same way, and you can control where InDesign positions text inside of a frame, using the Text Frame options dialog box. Let me show you. I'm going to select this text frame in the upper right corner of the roux_flyer file from the Exercise Folder, and I'm going to zoom in on it by pressing Command+Spacebar and dragging or Ctrl+Spacebar on Windows. We can see that this text is actually pressed right up against the edge of the text frame, which looks just really ugly.

So we'd like to move that away from the edge of the frame. To do that, I open up the Text Frame Options dialog box by going to the Object menu and choosing Text Frame Options or pressing Command+B or Ctrl+B on Windows. The Inset Spacing section in the middle of this dialog box let's us control how much space they should be sort of padding or margins between the edge of the frame and the text. If you want to have different amounts of spacing on each of the four sides of this frame, then unlink this button. Just click on it to unlink it.

But in this case, we want to have the same amount of space on all four sides. I'll place the cursor inside this Top field and type 9points or P9 and when I hit Tab to jump to the next field, you'll see all of them change to 9points, and the text is inset inside the frame. Unfortunately, when I did that, the amount of space inside the frame was too small to fit all the text. So it became overset. I'm going to click OK, double-click inside of here and I'm simply going to delete some of that text in there, so I see the rest of it.

Wouldn't it be great if all edits were simple as that, if you could just go in there and delete the text? Well, in this case now we have two little text, and we have a bunch of space at the bottom of this text frame. What're we going to about that? Well, if we open the Text Frame Options dialog box again, if Command+B or Ctrl+B on Windows. Then we can change where that space is going to sit, by changing the Vertical Justification. The Vertical Justification let's us say where the text should be. Right now it's Aligned to the Top. So the top of this text is aligned with the inset at the top of the frame.

If I change this to Bottom, then you see that the bottom of the text snaps to the bottom inset, and all the extra space goes to the top. We can also change Align to Center. In that case, the text is all centered within the frame and the space is distributed at the top and the bottom. The fourth option is Justify. With Justify the top line is pinned to the top of the frame, the bottom line is pinned to the bottom of the frame and InDesign distributes the space between each of the lines in the story. Now, sometimes it adds too much space in between lines within a single paragraph, so you can tell it to add space between paragraphs instead of individual lines, by changing the Paragraph Spacing Limit.

Bump this up to something large like 2 inches. As soon as I hit Tab, it will convert that to picas because that's what this document is set to. But the point is that it will now add up to 2 inches or 12 Picas in between paragraphs, and it will not add the space in between lines within a paragraph. I'll click OK and I'm going to use that Vertical Justification in one other frame in this document, this frame over here which is on its side. I'll click inside of it because I have the Type tool selected. I could just as easily use the Selection tool.

I'll press Command+B or Ctrl+B and I'm going to change the Vertical Justification here to Center. Click OK and you can see that now the text is centered inside that frame. Unfortunately, as soon as you have your text set just so inside of the frame, your client or boss is going to come and tell you to edit it, right? Well, wouldn't it be cool if the Text Frame could actually get bigger or smaller, as you change the amount of text in that. Well, that's what we're going to see next.

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This video is part of

Image for InDesign CS6 Essential Training
InDesign CS6 Essential Training

113 video lessons · 80268 viewers

David Blatner
Author

 
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  1. 1m 23s
    1. What is InDesign?
      1m 23s
  2. 2m 38s
    1. Welcome
      1m 0s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 38s
  3. 21m 19s
    1. Getting started
      3m 33s
    2. Adding or editing text
      3m 23s
    3. Adding or replacing graphics
      4m 31s
    4. Moving objects around
      4m 55s
    5. Printing and creating a PDF
      4m 57s
  4. 26m 6s
    1. Exploring the application window
      6m 25s
    2. Navigating and magnifying pages and objects
      6m 24s
    3. Setting rulers and measurements
      2m 35s
    4. Working with panels
      3m 58s
    5. Setting the view quality of artwork
      2m 31s
    6. Adjusting view and preview settings
      4m 13s
  5. 27m 52s
    1. Creating new documents
      7m 39s
    2. Saving and reverting documents
      4m 2s
    3. Saving for CS4 and CS5 with IDML
      2m 24s
    4. Setting the margin and column guides
      4m 29s
    5. Putting ruler guides on the page
      5m 7s
    6. Bleeding colors or images off the side of the page
      4m 11s
  6. 23m 37s
    1. Inserting, deleting, and moving pages
      4m 32s
    2. Changing page size
      4m 38s
    3. Creating and applying master pages
      5m 18s
    4. Overriding master page items
      2m 43s
    5. Adding page numbering
      2m 22s
    6. Changing page numbering with sections
      4m 4s
  7. 52m 47s
    1. Understanding text frames
      3m 38s
    2. Typing and editing text
      4m 48s
    3. Inserting special characters
      4m 1s
    4. Importing text
      3m 47s
    5. Threading text frames
      3m 12s
    6. Setting text frame columns
      4m 31s
    7. Setting text inset and vertical justification options
      3m 48s
    8. Allowing text frames to grow and shrink
      4m 5s
    9. Putting text on a path
      5m 50s
    10. Using the Story Editor
      5m 10s
    11. Checking spelling
      5m 12s
    12. Using Find/Change
      4m 45s
  8. 28m 19s
    1. Importing graphics
      8m 20s
    2. Using the Links panel
      7m 17s
    3. Editing graphics in their original app
      3m 10s
    4. Fitting graphics to the frame
      5m 1s
    5. Taking advantage of image transparency and clipping paths
      4m 31s
  9. 35m 49s
    1. Selecting objects
      5m 2s
    2. Applying basic strokes and fills
      5m 6s
    3. Colorizing images
      1m 59s
    4. Adjusting transparency
      4m 4s
    5. Adding drop shadows
      3m 33s
    6. Using other transparency effects
      5m 15s
    7. Copying and formatting with the Eyedropper tool
      5m 59s
    8. Finding and changing object formatting
      4m 51s
  10. 18m 34s
    1. Creating color swatches
      4m 33s
    2. Understanding the danger and power of unnamed colors
      5m 46s
    3. Creating gradient swatches
      3m 53s
    4. Applying gradients
      4m 22s
  11. 15m 27s
    1. Editing frame and path shapes
      5m 8s
    2. Adding rounded corners and other corner options
      4m 8s
    3. Making polygons and starbursts
      1m 59s
    4. Creating text outlines
      4m 12s
  12. 37m 56s
    1. Positioning objects with the Gap tool
      3m 54s
    2. Stacking objects
      2m 5s
    3. Creating and controlling layers
      5m 27s
    4. Managing objects in the Layers panel
      3m 33s
    5. Grouping and locking objects
      3m 10s
    6. Nesting objects
      3m 23s
    7. Aligning and distributing objects
      4m 20s
    8. Understanding text wrap
      5m 51s
    9. Using anchored objects
      6m 13s
  13. 26m 16s
    1. Duplicating objects
      5m 37s
    2. Collecting, conveying, and placing content
      8m 58s
    3. Rotating objects
      2m 22s
    4. Scaling objects
      4m 21s
    5. Skewing objects
      1m 8s
    6. Mirroring objects
      3m 50s
  14. 24m 19s
    1. Applying basic character styling
      7m 31s
    2. Applying advanced character formatting
      4m 28s
    3. Changing case
      3m 23s
    4. Using Find/Change for text formatting
      5m 3s
    5. Using Find Font
      3m 54s
  15. 32m 51s
    1. Applying formatting to a paragraph
      4m 4s
    2. Spanning a paragraph across multiple columns
      2m 10s
    3. Splitting a paragraph into multiple columns
      1m 52s
    4. Using drop caps
      3m 26s
    5. Setting tabs
      7m 36s
    6. Adding rules (lines) above or below a paragraph
      3m 23s
    7. Adding automatic bullets
      4m 10s
    8. Numbering paragraphs
      6m 10s
  16. 19m 47s
    1. Creating and applying paragraph styles
      6m 10s
    2. Using character styles
      4m 45s
    3. Editing and redefining styles
      2m 20s
    4. Using object styles
      2m 47s
    5. Applying styles with Quick Apply
      3m 45s
  17. 39m 59s
    1. Creating a table
      4m 29s
    2. Adjusting rows and columns
      4m 36s
    3. Adding and deleting rows and columns
      3m 0s
    4. Formatting a table
      4m 32s
    5. Formatting cells
      6m 2s
    6. Applying table styles
      5m 33s
    7. Placing graphics in cells
      3m 1s
    8. Importing Microsoft Word and Excel tables
      8m 46s
  18. 16m 45s
    1. Building a multi-document book
      7m 27s
    2. Creating "continued on..." jump lines
      3m 51s
    3. Constructing a table of contents (TOC)
      5m 27s
  19. 23m 8s
    1. Exporting EPUBs
      6m 12s
    2. Creating an interactive PDF
      12m 49s
    3. Building a Flash SWF
      4m 7s
  20. 28m 1s
    1. Checking a document with the Preflight panel
      5m 26s
    2. Packaging for output
      3m 34s
    3. Using the Print dialog box
      4m 52s
    4. Printing a small booklet
      2m 46s
    5. Exporting a PDF
      7m 56s
    6. Exporting text
      3m 27s
  21. 1m 25s
    1. Next steps
      1m 25s

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