There's one shortcut that will come in really handy almost every day, every time you use InDesign, and that's the shortcut for how to scale both the frame and its content at the same time. Let me show you what I mean. So, if I click on this frame here, this actual frame has an image inside it, pretty obvious. If I go grab a corner handle with the Selection tool and start acting and dragging that frame handle around, well what's happening is that you're acting on the frame, not the frame's content. So you are just resizing the frame. By resizing the frame you are re- cropping the image that's inside that frame.
Often that's exactly what you want, but sometimes maybe just as often, that's not what you want at all. So I am going to undo that. Command+Z or Ctrl+Z. What I want to be able to do is scale both the frame and the content together. So I hold down the Command on the Mac, Control on Windows to scale both the content and the frame together. This lets me do it in any aspect ratio. If you want to scale both proportionally, you will hold down the Shift key. So Command+Shift, Ctrl+Shift. Now, I can scale it only proportionally. When I let go, you'll see that I've scaled both the frame and its content together by maintaining that aspect ratio at the same time.
Now this works for text frames as well. If I click on the text frame, with my Selection tool and I just grab a handle, I am just resizing the frame, and the text reflows within that new container. Sometimes that's what you want, and again, sometimes it's not. So, I am going to undo it, Command+Z or Ctrl+Z. If I hold down the Command key or the Control key and grab a corner handle, here I'm actually scaling the actual text in the frame at the same time. Now, I just distorted the text and stretched it un-proportionally, so I am going to undo it, Command+Z or Ctrl+Z. Again, if I want to scale them both the frame and the content, in this case text, proportionally at the same time, add Shift to it.
So, Command+Shift, Ctrl+Shift, start dragging, and you will see both the text and its frame are scaling up together and proportionally.
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