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One thing you want to get straight in InDesign as soon as possible is understand the distinction between scaling something versus resizing something. Now at first blush, that might sound kind of obvious, but if you're coming from other applications, there is an important distinction to make. So for instance, if I click on this frame, this frame has some content inside of it. It's got a stroke of 10 pixels or 10 points around it. If I just grab a corner handle and start transforming this frame, I'm in fact not scaling the frame. I am resizing the frame.
So take a look at the Control panel as I do this. I am going to go ahead and undo, Command+Z, Ctrl+Z. And you'll see that there are some scale widgets and there are, what is not labeled as such, but these are resize widgets. The width and height are resize widgets. So as I grab a corner handle or any side handle and move this around, you'll see that the width and height values are changing, but the scale values are not changing. So that's one clue there of what's going on there. If you want to scale something and you don't want to bother switching tools either to the Scale tool or the Free Transform tool, you can access scale from the Selection tool by holding down the Command key on the Mac or Ctrl key on Windows.
Now take a look at what happens. As I drag the frame around the corner handle of the frame, you see the Scale field is changing with you now. So that kind of clues you in that there is a difference between scale and resize. When I scale this down, of course, I am not holding the Shift key down, so it's non-proportional. But you can see the stroke also changed. So it's scaling the entire object and all its attributes, including its content. So I am going to undo that. So you've learned a couple of things here. One, there is a distinction between size and rescale. You've also learned that you can access the scale functionality anytime you want just by holding down the Command key or Ctrl on Windows.
And of course, if you want to do it proportionally, just add Shift to it. So Command and Shift together or Ctrl and Shift, and I'm scaling proportionally both the frame and its content as opposed to resizing. Hopefully, that clears some things up for you.
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