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A potential area of confusion with styles is overrides. What they mean? How to get rid of them? So an override is something other then what's in the style definition. If you define a style, and then you comeback and you locally edit the text, that local edit becomes an override. And overrides are indicated on your Styles panel be they overrides to Paragraph Styles, Character Styles, or Object Styles. They're indicated as a plus symbol.
So in the case of this paragraph here we see a body text+. All that plus symbol tells us is that there is something different about this, something other than the normal definition of body text. If we hover over the style name it does tell us, sometime usefully, sometimes much less so. Sometimes it just says mixed overrides, which isn't much help to us, but in this case it does tell us that have a first-line indent that is an override. It doesn't however tell us that that text in cyan is also an override.
This text here in red is technically not an override, and this is another thing that can confuse people depending on how the formatting has been applied, if it's been applied by just selecting the text coming to the Swatches panel, making it cyan, then it's an override. If on the other hand it's been applied by using Character Styles, then it's not. Then it's considered legitimate. So I'm just going to come to my Layers panel and turn on an additional layer that I have which indicates where the overrides are.
So we see that in this paragraph we have two overrides, one of them is a paragraph level override, the first-line indent, the second is a character level override, right here and then as I mentioned these three words have been applied as character styles. So they're not considered to be overrides. Well, how do we get rid of these and how do we get rid of the character styling as well if we want to? Let's turn off that layer. Coming back to the Paragraph Styles panel.
Most simply we can do this, we can just hold down the Option key, or the Alt key, and click on style name, and you'll see that that removes the indent. It removes the color formatting on the word Creator. I'm going to undo that. We can also come and click at the bottom of the Paragraph Styles panel right there on the Clear Overrides button. Same result. Now as we hover over that button it tells us that if we Command-click then we're just going to remove the character overrides. So let's see what we got there.
I'm going to now Command-click on that button, and it removes the character overrides retaining the paragraph overrides, and if we Command+Shift-click it does the opposite, removes the paragraph overrides, but retains the character overrides. So far though we haven't been able to restore the paragraph to its complete base level, i.e. without any formatting, local formatting, or character formatting. And to do that you hold down Alt, or Option, and the Shift key and then click on the style name, and that removes local formatting as well as character styling.
One other thing about overrides. Now I should say that they are not always a bad thing. So don't panic if you see plus symbols next to some of your paragraph styles, but more often than not, they are undesirable. In your life Preflight--life Preflight being a constant check of your document against whatever criteria you set up-- we can set up a Preflight profile that will warn us if we have local overrides in our document.
So just before I do that I'm going to undo my removal of them, and I'll now define a Preflight profile, which I will call overrides, and then there are various things that I can define that we have the Preflight profile look full, and this context all I'm going to do is come to the Text options and say warn me if any paragraph style and character style overrides. Let's save that and click OK.
Then I need to make sure that, that is the profile that my life Preflight is actually using and then if we have the Preflight panel open we see the problems highlighted there, and we also see down here in the Preflight area that we have a three errors, we can expand that, and it tells us those are what the errors are. So obviously this document is just one page with a couple of paragraphs and very easy to spot where the overrides are, but if you have a long document, and you want to very quickly and easily identify where the overrides are, set up a Preflight profile.
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