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The Swatches panel over here in the dock is the central headquarters for your documents colors. As we saw in an earlier movie, you can use it to apply Fill and Stroke colors to any object or text on your page. But what if you get tired of the colors listed here? What if you want something more? Let's look at how to create a new color swatch for your documents. When you want to create a new color swatch, open the Swatches panel menu in the upper-right corner, and choose New Color Swatch. The first thing you need to decide is what Color Type to choose? Spot should only be used if you're going to be printing on a printing press and you know that your printer is using special PANTONE inks, those are spot inks.
If you want to make a spot color, choose Spot, and then choose from the Color mode pop-up menu, one of the Pantone Color Libraries, for example, PANTONE + Solid Coated. In this case however, I'm going to be creating Process Colors. Virtually, every color that you are going to create in InDesign probably will be one of these Process Colors. From here, you can choose a Color mode, either CMYK or RGB typically. If your document is going to be printed, you probably want CMYK. But if it's for mostly on screen viewing, an RGB color swatch is fine.
In this case, I am going to leave it set to CMYK. From here, we can define our color. Right now, we have this bright yellow color. I can change this, maybe add a little bit of cyan. Generally, you don't want to pick colors by just how they look on screen unless you're in a very tightly controlled color managed workflow. For all the rest of us, you really want to look at color swatch books to pick out colors based on how they look on a printed piece if the document is going to be printed. Once you have a color, you need to decide how you're going to name it. By default, it's set to Name with Color Value.
I had turned that off because I like naming my own colors. I am going to call this Happy Green. If you're only making one color, go ahead, and click OK. But if you have more colors to create, go ahead and click Add. That adds it to the Swatches panel, but leaves the dialog box open to make another color. Let's go ahead and pick some other color here. This one I am going to name with a color value and you can see that it takes all the values from my CMYK settings, and puts it in to the name for me. I'll click OK and you can see that it add it as well. Now, a big warning; if any object had been selected on my page when I created those color swatches, the last color I created would have been applied to that color swatch.
That's the reason I recommend every one deselect everything on your page before your create color swatches. Now, let's go ahead and apply those color swatches to objects on our page. In this document, this roux_catalog from the exercise files, this happens to be one big group. So I have to double-click to actually select an object inside that group. I'll select this orange one, and I'll make it green. Then I'll grab this blue one and make it purple. Those are the colors I just created. Now, what happens if I want to edit those colors, if I didn't get that green just right, for example, what do I do? Well, I have two choices; I could double-click on this green, but that would actually not only edit it, but also apply that green to anything I have selected on my page.
So instead of double-clicking, I am going to Right+Click, Ctrl+Click with a one-button mouse, and choose Swatch Options. This really should have been called Edit Color, that's what it is. It lets you edit the color. Now, I am going to come in here and change the color to something else, maybe make it a little bit lighter, and I'll click OK. You can see that not only was this color changed in the Swatches panel, but any object that was filled or stroked with that color is also changed. Okay, what do you do if you want to get these colors into a new document? You have got a couple of choices. One option is to copy some objects that have the colors applied to them.
For example, I'll grab a couple of these objects; the one that has the green, and the one that has the purple. I am going to copy it to the clipboard and then go create my new document. Now, I can paste, and when I paste those objects, the colors come along for the ride. There they are in the Swatches panel. I can delete the colors off the page, I didn't really need those. I just wanted the colors and they stick around in the Swatches panel. There is another way to get colors from one document to another, and that is, in the Swatches panel menu, I can choose Load Swatches.
Load Swatches lets me pull in colors from any InDesign document, or I can also tell it to load colors out of an ASE file, that's the Adobe Swatch Exchange file that I could create out of Photoshop or Illustrator. So the Swatches panel is one way to inspect colors in InDesign. There is another way too, the Colors panel. In the next movie, I'll show you how to do that and why you might or might not want to.
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