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Like other page layout applications, InDesign allows users to control the appearance of every element on a page. It helps format elements with style sheets, which collect formatting attributes for easy replication. But that's where the similarities end. InDesign CS3 One-on-One: Style Sheets demonstrates why InDesign's style sheets are far more powerful than anything found in any other page layout program. Pioneering electronic publisher and author Deke McClelland goes to the heart of InDesign's style sheets, and discusses how they define and guide just about every other program feature. He covers how to format words, paragraphs, whole frames, objects, tables, and even entire stories with a single click. Exercise files accompany the course.
Download Deke's customized keyboard layouts for InDesign Style Sheets from the Exercise Files tab.
Woo-hoo! In this exercise we are going to be creating an Object Style, to automate the creation of future anchored object here inside InDesign. I happened to be working inside of a catch-up document, if you are just joining us. It's called the anchored H.indd, found inside the O7 Objectstyles folder. There is the anchored H right there, check it out. If you click on its outline, on the outline for the anchored frame with the black arrow tool, you will select that entire frame and it contains many of the attributes that we need to create an anchored object.
Almost all the attributes that we will need actually. So let's go ahead and save off a new Object Style based on that selected object. Then I am going to bring up the Object Styles dialog box, either by clicking on this little icon or pressing Ctrl+F7 on the PC or Command+F7 on the Mac. I am going to Alt+Click or Option+Click on the little page icon. There is the new Object Style dialog box. Let's go ahead and name this guy Margin objects and I am going to go ahead and give it a keyboard shortcut, what the heck, of Shift+Alt+ numeric keypad 5 and that would be Shift+Option+Num 5 on the numeric keypad on the Mac.
Now, I am not sure that I want to save every single attribute here and the reason is if anything Object Styles tend to save too many attributes then you can end up overriding other Object Styles later, because it can be useful to combine multiple Object Styles in a single object. I will show you that later in this chapter. So you don't want to save too many attributes because you can end up wiping out attributes that were assigned by a different style. In other words, you just want to save what you have got to save. Now in our case if I go ahead and twirl open the Fill all the way up in by Alt+Clicking or Option+Clicking that little twirl triangle there then I will note that I have got a Color of None applied and I do want No Fill assigned to these anchored objects, right? So that's good.
Same with the stroke, I have got No Stroke assigned too. Very important. We will see how that's not going to exactly do what we wanted to do later, but anyway we do want to save it off and so on. So we want to save the Fill and Strokes attributes and probably the Stroke and Corner Options, what the heck? But I didn't do anything to the text frame. So I am going to turn off the Text Frame Options and you will notice they don't totally dormant on you, they just slightly sleep. It's impossible to turn them all the way off, to get completely blank checkboxes like we are seeing down here.
So don't even try because if you click again you will just bring up the checkmark again. So the blue is what we want in this case. There are no Story Options. Story Options are weird things like Optical Margin Alignment, don't worry about that, just turn it off. Then Text Wrap. Well actually if I click on Text Wrap here, this is also a way of seeing what's been assigned, you can see I have got no Text Wrap assigned and I don't want any Text Wrap for these particular anchored objects. So actually that's probably a good thing. I definitely want to save the Anchored Object Options. So having turned on these five checkboxes and none of the others and don't even worry about the Effects because there is very little you can do to control them.
If you go back to General you will see that there are all kinds of Object Effect settings and Stroke Effect settings and Fill Effect settings and Text Effect settings that are getting saved along with your style even though you specifically asked for them not to get saved. So it's little bit of a kerfuffle actually. Anyway notice we have got this checkbox, Apply Style to Selection, go ahead and turn that on. You could turn on Preview if you wanted to as well, but we don't need to. Go ahead and click OK in order to create this style and apply it to the H. Let's go ahead and make it a little wider so that we can see the entire name along with the keyboard shortcut.
There it is. We have successfully by the way created an Anchored Object Style. In the next exercise we are going to use that Anchored Object Style to automate the creation of this guy, to automate anchoring this stroke thing right there to Scotch rule. Stay tuned.
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