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Author David Blatner provides in-depth training on InDesign CS5, Adobe's print and interactive page layout application, in InDesign CS5 Essential Training. The course shows how to create new documents with strong and flexible master pages, precisely position text and graphics, prepare documents for print, and export designs as interactive PDF or Flash SWF files. Exercise files are included with the course.
I've laid out this page, but I'm not exactly happy about how the text is flowing from one column to the next. Let me show you what I mean. At the top of this column, there is a single line, the last line of a paragraph. That's called a widow, and it's not pleasant to see it,. Not good typography at all. So we want to get rid of those widows and we can do it with the Keep Options. Let me show you what I mean. I'll place my cursor inside that paragraph. I'll go to the Control panel flyout menu and I'll choose Keep Options.
The Keep Options dialog box lets me control the behavior of this paragraph. In this case, I wanted to keep some lines together, so I'll turn on the Keep Lines Together checkbox. I can tell it to keep all the lines in the paragraph together. But if I do that, it won't break over the column at all. So I just wanted to keep two lines at the beginning and two lines at the end together. The rest can break where they may. Because the Preview checkbox is turned on, I can see this update immediately in the background and I can see that there's two lines at the top of the column here, which looks a lot better.
I'll click OK and take a look at the spread. I can see another problem at the bottom of this column, a single line, a heading that I really wish was up here at the top of the next column along with the paragraphs that follow it. Well, I can take care of that. I place my cursor inside the paragraph, press the keyboard shortcut Command+Option+K or Ctrl+Alt+K and bring up the Keep Options dialog box. In this case, I am going to turn Keep Lines Together, although it really won't do any good, because there's only a one- line paragraph, but I always turn that on for headings because I don't want the heading to break across the column.
Then I'm going to increase the Keep with Next field. I want it to keep with the next one line. In other words, keep with the next paragraph. The Preview checkbox is turned on and I can see it had exactly the effect I wanted. It's staying with the following paragraph. Instead of using the Keep with Next, I could have placed my cursor in the following paragraph and used Keep with Previous, but in this case, it was easier to set the heading to keep with the following paragraph. So that's what I did. By the way, since I have this dialog box open, I do want to point out the Start Paragraph popup menu.
This is how you can tell a paragraph to start at the beginning of a column or beginning of a page. I can even set it to begin at the beginning of the next odd page. That's very helpful for things like chapter headings. But in this case, I'm going to leave it set to Anywhere and click OK. In general, you would want to set up your Keep Options inside your paragraph styles, but that's a topic for another chapter. The important thing is now you know how to stamp out those single lines at the top or bottom of your column with Keep Options.
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