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Let's talk about some standard constraining behavior as you're creating page items and by constraining I mean restricted to a perfect square or a perfect circle or so forth and these shortcuts again, they are not just in InDesign. They are in any Adobe product. So if I get my Rectangle tool, by default you click-and-drag from one corner to the other and you just drag out any other arbitrary rectangle shape here. While you are dragging though, if you hold down the Shift key, that constrains it to be a perfect square. Now it matters what you let go of first. If you let go of the Shift key first, you're not constraining it anymore. So you'll end up with a rectangle.
So, I have still got my mouse button down and just toggling the Shift key on and off and you can see what's happening here. So, I let go and I end up with my square. I am going to go ahead and delete that. Another constraint is that you can instead of draw from one corner to the other you can actually draw from the center out. So, if I drag out some ruler guides here, let's say to the center of the page, approximately here, just have it snap to the center and I wanted my rectangle or square or circle whatever, to draw out from the center of the page, then I will go ahead and get my tool. Instead of clicking-and-dragging from one corner to the other, if I hold down the Option key or Alt, you will see it switches to draw out from the center where I started clicking-and-dragging.
So, kind of a nice alternative to create from the center out. Perfect. Let's do one more thing. If I want to draw a perfect square or a circle from the center at the same time, you guessed it. Just hold both keys down, Shift and Option or Shift+Alt and drag out and it draws a perfect square from the center. So, basic constraining shortcuts for any of the page creation tools, whether it be text frame, a rectangle frame or an elliptical tool or whatever, these all work the same. So, if I want to draw a perfect circle, hold down the Shift key, okay. If I want to draw it from the center, where I clicked, hold down Shift and Option or Shift and Alt together. Basic stuff.
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