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Like other page layout applications, InDesign allows users to control the appearance of every element on a page. It helps format elements with style sheets, which collect formatting attributes for easy replication. But that's where the similarities end. InDesign CS3 One-on-One: Style Sheets demonstrates why InDesign's style sheets are far more powerful than anything found in any other page layout program. Pioneering electronic publisher and author Deke McClelland goes to the heart of InDesign's style sheets, and discusses how they define and guide just about every other program feature. He covers how to format words, paragraphs, whole frames, objects, tables, and even entire stories with a single click. Exercise files accompany the course.
Download Deke's customized keyboard layouts for InDesign Style Sheets from the Exercise Files tab.
In this exercise, I am going to show you how to base one style on another and the advantage of basing styles on each other is that they become easier to edit in the future. As we will see in the next chapters. So you are not going to see why this is so great in the next chapter, but just bear with me for now. It is a wonderful thing to do, but it does have a few repercussions as you are about to see. Alright, so I am working still inside this One style down (2 2 go) document that's found inside the 02 Graph Styles folder and I have made a new style, its called Byline.
Let's go and edit that style now. I will go ahead and press Enter on the numeric keypad or the Escape Key if didn't load my shortcuts and I am also going to press Ctrl+Shift+A that's another thing you could do. Incidentally, if I still had my text active, I could just press Ctrl+Shift+A or Command+Shift+A on the Mac to deselect that text. So that's another way to work and probably the simpler way to work since it only involves one operation there. Alright, the reason I am deselecting everything is I want to edit my Byline style. So I am going to go ahead and double-click on it. You could assign a keyboard shortcut if you want to; I am not going to bother because I am going to show you some other shortcut ways to work, shortly here.
What I would like to do is I would like to go ahead and base my Byline style on Page No. & Title and the advantage of doing that is if I were to update a Page No. & Title style in the future then my Byline style would update in kind. So any shared formatting attributes would change inside of both styles. I sense that I want to do that in the future. So I will go ahead and change the style to Page No. & Title like so. If you have your Preview checkbox on, you are going to see that some stuff gets mucked up and basically, in design it's a little bit confused about which attributes were being shared between the two styles.
So it's saying, well, you know, I know that you had a different sort of like type style associated with this. It was italic instead of upright, but you didn't have anything assigned in a way of drop cap. So I will ahead and give you those drop caps from the other style and I will also give you color because you didn't have any color assigned either. Well, we need to overwrite those attributes because they would muck things up. So go down here to Drop Caps and Nested Styles and you may recall you can get there by pressing Ctrl+0 or Command+0 on the Mac and then we will just change the second value right here Characters to 0 and then press Tab and notice that zeros are both values.
So just by changing Characters to 0 you also change Lines to 0 in one easy operation. So that totally got rid of the drop caps. Sounds good. Now, let's go ahead to this guy Character Color, there is no keyboard shortcut, because we have run out of numbers by now and we don't want it to be blue do we? Let's go ahead and drag back up to the top here. We want it to be black and so I will go ahead and assign Black as the Character Color that goes ahead and fixes the text. It looks great and now we will click OK. So we now have two styles, one that is based on the other so that if I ever edit Page No.
& Title in the future, Byline will change in kind. It's a wonderful thing to do. We will see why in the next chapter. In the meantime just have faith. In the next exercise, we are going to style this final paragraph, the description text. Join me.
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