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Now that you know the basics of styling your text, let's go ahead and learn a few more things that you can do. I'll zoom back in on this text here, I'll double-click to get the Type tool, select a little bit of text here, and I'm going to come up here and show you that there are two scaling options. There is a vertical scaling in the control and horizontal scaling. That literally lets you stretch your text either vertically or horizontally. Let's go ahead and change it to something like 125% taller than normal. You can see how it gets a little bit stretched up and let's go ahead and change the horizontal scaling to 75%.
Now I don't recommend that you do that to any text. It makes it look really ugly, but maybe if you need to stretch it just 1 or 2% maybe nobody would notice. It's good to know that those options are there though. Here's some other stuff you can do. I'll double-click on the word desert and I want to change the baseline shift. That is, make the whole word move up or down. I can do that by changing the Baseline Shift field up here in the Control panel. If I set this to let's say 3 points and hit Enter, you'll see the whole word moves up 3 points. Change that to a negative number and hit Return and it actually moves down.
All right, what else is up here in the Control panel? The text skew formatting field lets me slant text one way or another. For example, if I change this to 15 degrees and hit Enter, you see that all the text looks like it's falling over to the right. If I change it to -15, it'll fall over to the left. Now this is not the same thing as applying italic by any stretch of the imagination. That said, there are a few fonts that don't actually have a true italic font, and in those instances, sometimes you can apply a little bit of positive skew to make it look likes it's italic.
Look at this word here. Foot-prints is hyphenating across two different lines. I'll be looking at hyphenation later on in the next chapter, but for now I want to point out a very important character formatting called No Break, and I can find that in the Control panel by going way over to the right edge and the Control panel has a little menu and that menu offers a number of different options and when I've got text selected, I can choose No Break. No Break means don't let this hyphenate. In fact, it means don't let this break across two lines at all.
This can be useful if you have 2 or 3 words that you always want to stay together. For example, maybe I'll type Adobe Systems here and maybe I want Adobe Systems to always be on one line. So I'll select both of those words, turn on No Break, and you'll see that they are stuck together now. They will not break across two different lines. Just a couple of more cool things that you can do with text formatting. What if I want to put an underline underneath this text? I can see that there is an Underline button in the Control panel, that little T with an underscore, and if I click that, I get an underscore right underneath that text.
But I have to tell you that that underline is usually too clunky. I want to have some control over where it's positioned, how thick it is and so on. And I can do that if I don't click on this, but rather Option+Click or Alt+Click that brings up the Underline Options dialog box, and I can really fine-tune this underline to whatever I want it to be. For example, let's make it a little thinner so it's a little bit more elegant looking, and I'm going to change the Offset to maybe a little bit further away from the text. How about 1.5 points? I'll turn on the Preview checkbox so I can see that change.
I am going to move that a little bit further down, how about 3 points down? There we go. So I have a lot of control over where that underline should be. I could even change its color. If I wanted to have a different color, let's make it cyan, and I can change its style. Instead of solid maybe I want it to be Dotted or Thin-Thin, or something like that. In this case I'm just going to leave it as Solid. I'll click OK and I'll click off the text and I can see that I have my underline perfectly positioned. By the way if you forget about that Option or Alt+Click trick, you can find that in the Control panel fly-out menu here.
It's just under Underline Options. But in my mind the Option or Alt+Clicking is just so much faster than pulling it out of a menu. Now there's another option here called Strikethrough Options. Let's see what that's about. I'll select some text, I'll come up here, I'll choose Strikethrough Options or you know there is a faster way, right? You just Option or Alt+Click on the Strikethrough button in the Control panel and that brings up the Strikethrough Options dialog box. I'll move that out of the way and I'll turn Strikethrough on, so we can actually get a strikethrough. I'll turn my Preview on so I can see the strikethrough, and there you go. You can see it.
It's positioned right there. But I might want to move it down a little bit. For example, maybe I'll change this number to about 2.5 points down and this actually moves it down toward the baseline. So you can see that you can really dial-in exactly the effect that you are looking for. Phew! That's a lot of different formatting options, but there is still more to come. In the rest of this chapter we'll look at how to give your typography a really professional look.
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