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Like other page layout applications, InDesign allows users to control the appearance of every element on a page. It helps format elements with style sheets, which collect formatting attributes for easy replication. But that's where the similarities end. InDesign CS3 One-on-One: Style Sheets demonstrates why InDesign's style sheets are far more powerful than anything found in any other page layout program. Pioneering electronic publisher and author Deke McClelland goes to the heart of InDesign's style sheets, and discusses how they define and guide just about every other program feature. He covers how to format words, paragraphs, whole frames, objects, tables, and even entire stories with a single click. Exercise files accompany the course.
Download Deke's customized keyboard layouts for InDesign Style Sheets from the Exercise Files tab.
In this exercise, we are going to modify the Cell Style that we created in the previous exercise. And by virtue of the fact that we have now created a link between that Cell Style and the style yext, we can now preview what in the world we are doing because we need to be able to preview, otherwise we just have no idea what we are up to. Alright, so I am working inside of this document called Lone Cell Style.indd found inside the 06 Table Styles folder, it's just a catch-up document of course. I want you to press Ctrl+Shift+A or Command+Shift+A on the Mac to deselect everything inside this document.
I am going to zoom in. You may recall that we are formatting the header right here. So I am going to zoom in on that header and you can see how Track and Name are too close to the bottom left edge of their respective cells. I am actually going to scroll over to the right a little bit, so that I can take in Original Artists right there because Original has a G which has a descender, so that we can get a sense of just how close this descender is getting to hitting the bottom of the cell. So we need to tweak the positioning of that text. We wouldn't have a clue as to how much we should position it, if we didn't have a preview.
We can only get a preview by going ahead and roughing out the Cell Style, assigning into the text and then going back and modifying the Cell Style- as we are about to do now. So let's go ahead and modify that Cell Style, bring up the Cell Styles palette, it should still be up from the previous exercise. But if you can't find it, you go Window, Type and Styles and then Cell Styles, like so. Alright and then once you get Cell Styles up, I want you to double-click on Table head in order to bring up the Cell Style Options dialog box. Make sure the Preview checkbox is turned on, this time it's actually going to do us some good.
We are actually going to be able to use it. That's nice. Because it was unusable, that was non-functioning essentially inside of the New Cell Style dialog box. Now I want you to switch to this next item right there, Text, which you can get by pressing Ctrl+2 or Command+2 on the Mac if you like. First of all, let's go ahead and change the Vertical Justification from Align Bottom to Align Center, so that we are centering the text vertically, that looks better. Now, we need to go ahead and adjust the Cell Insets. Now for you, probably most likely you're going to see this chain icon On, so that changing any one of the Cell Inset values changes all four of them. We don't want that.
I am going to go ahead and turn the chain Off, and then I encourage you to modify the values like so. Basically, I am going to take the Top value down to 0 in order to scoot the text upward. Notice how I moved upward as I reduce the Top value; that scoots it too far up, so I am going to reduce the Bottom value to 0p1. So 0 for the Top value, 0p1 for the Bottom value. That creates a nice centering right there, that works very well for the descender. Also, I am going to go over to the Left value and I am going to increase that, I am just nudging it up from the keyboard by pressing the up arrow key until I get a Left value of 0p6. That is 6 points of space right there and that nudges the text over to the right by creating more of a margin on the left-hand side.
That's it. That takes care of the modifications we want to apply to this cell. It is now absolutely perfect. Go ahead and click OK in order to accept your modifications, then if you like you can zoom out in order to take in your entire header or most of it anyway, and then go ahead and press Ctrl+Z in order to get a sense of what it looked like before, it's Command+Z on the Mac. And then for after, press Ctrl+Shift+Z or Comman+Shift+Z on the Mac. So it makes a huge difference. Good job. You edited those inset values inside of the Cell Style Options dialog box.
In the next exercise, we are going to create a Cell Style, create and modify a Cell Style to accommodate all of the text inside of the table. Stay tuned!
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