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026 Tracking down type issues with the composition highlighter

From: InDesign Secrets

Video: 026 Tracking down type issues with the composition highlighter

Anne-Marie Concepcion: Now I know that all of you know what this is, the problem here: the dreaded pinking. This is the kind of highlighting called Composition Highlighting that InDesign will add when you open up a document that uses a typeface that you don't have available to you on your computer. The Composition Highlighting means that it is substituting a different typeface. It's a fake typeface. If you click inside here, you can see that it's supposed to be Avenir (85 Heavy) but we don't have that. That's why it's in brackets.

026 Tracking down type issues with the composition highlighter

Anne-Marie Concepcion: Now I know that all of you know what this is, the problem here: the dreaded pinking. This is the kind of highlighting called Composition Highlighting that InDesign will add when you open up a document that uses a typeface that you don't have available to you on your computer. The Composition Highlighting means that it is substituting a different typeface. It's a fake typeface. If you click inside here, you can see that it's supposed to be Avenir (85 Heavy) but we don't have that. That's why it's in brackets.

There are actually many other types of highlighting that InDesign can do to other text situations and they aren't turned on by default. They can come in very handy though if you turn them on in diagnosing problem child files. Like is this type here... let's zoom in a bit. Is this my eyes or is this type really tracked in a lot? Like this right here. Or what is the difference between these two instances of the number 530 and other weirdnesses.

So let's see how you can do that. First of all to turn on the other composition highlightings, they are not turned on by default, go to Preferences. On the Mac, that would be under the InDesign menu > Preferences and on the PC, that last item under the Edit menu. We want to go to Composition, so there is Composition Highlighting and Substituted Fonts is turned on by default. So it's just highlighting substituted fonts. Let's turn on let's turn on all the other ones, Keep Violations, H&J Violations, Custom Tracking and Kerning, and Substituted Glyphs. And Keep Violations are if you have set up keep settings like keep the subhead with the next two lines of the follow paragraph, it's something you can set up in your paragraph style options or just for the paragraph.

If for some reason InDesign has to violate your keep settings, then it will highlight that, if you turn on this composition highlighting. Same thing with H&J Violations. If you set up certain settings for your hyphenation and justification and for whatever reason InDesign has to add another hyphen or has to violate your settings for how much word spacing there can be in a line, it will highlight that as well. If somebody has kerned or tracked characters in or out, on top of anything else, then it will automatically highlight custom tracking and kerning and finally, if you have turned on some kind of alternate for certain glyphs, then it will highlight the substituted glyphs.

So with all these turned down, let's see what we can see in our document. Whoa! I suggest you that you try this with your documents especially, if you're having other people work on them because its an eye opener, let me tell you. Now, most of these things are innocuous, other than of course the dreaded pinking. You never want to see that. But some of them definitely point to problems that you might not even realize the problems until you make a PDF or until you print it out. What we are looking at are the yellow lines here. You can see that they are sort of like different shades of yellow. I am not talking about the orange by the number. We will get to that in a second.

But the yellow highlighting points to H&J violations. So let's zoom in on this a bit. If I go to the Paragraph and go down to Justification, usually these problems are when for whatever reason because of the way that the type paragraph composer is working, it cannot fit the Word Spacing or Letter Spacing or Glyph Scaling within your minimum and maximum settings. Then it's going to highlight this. So for example, this line is probably exceeding the maximum amount of word spacing and letter spacing.

You can see for yourself, it's kind of airy. So it highlights it in this medium shade of yellow. The darker the shade of yellow, the more the violation is. So the ones that are the paler shade of yellow mean these are very close to what you had set. This is medium and then this is papa bear amount. This one for some reason, it looks to me like the word spacing is really wide. So let's click OK and zoom out again and then you can better judge the areas that InDesign is having problems with. And if this were really important to you, if you do not see any this yellow, then you would have to edit the text to get it to work right.

The dark orange is indicating Substituted Glyphs. Let's come back up here. Substituted Glyphs. I wish they would put like little patches of the color next to these. That's orange. Let's zoom in here. Now Substituted Glyphs is not as bad as Substituted Fonts. Alright, it usually means that you wanted InDesign to automatically substitute the normal glyph for the special kind of glyph, and it nearly always occurs with OpenType fonts because those are the typefaces that have lots of alternative glyphs that you can use.

So in this example, the reason that it's highlighting this in orange is because if we go to the OpenType menu, you can see that it's using Proportional Oldstyle for these numbers. So it is substituting the normal numbers. This is the default figure style. It's substituting the Proportional Oldstyle numbers for these normal numbers. If I click here and come up to the same menu, those are in the Default Figure Style. You will always see them around every instance of ligatures as well, because we have Ligatures turned on.

If I select this paragraph and I come up here and I turn off Ligatures, then that markup disappears and these turn into individual characters again. But of course we like Ligatures because they look better and they read better. So I will turn it back on. You will also see it if you make a word all caps like here, TOUR INFO. So this was typed as a capital T and then a lowercase "our" is being highlighted because if you look up here it's been set to be all caps.

Same thing for small caps. You will see the small caps automatically highlighted and that's a really nice trick for you to be able to quickly tell if somebody is using small caps because some of those small caps look like full caps. So just turn on Composition Highlighting or Substituted Glyphs and you can spot them right away. Then one to worry about is this green. The green is, if we come up here to Composition, it's the Custom Tracking/Kerning. And often, more often than I care to admit, I opened up documents that I've worked on in the past and turned on Composition Highlighting for that and I see huge patches of green like mold growing on my document.

And what this means is that I was trying to get things to fit or to break right and instead of doing it correctly by editing the text or by editing the H&J settings, I was just swiping over text and kerning it in and kerning it out. So, actually here because we are not seeing any green, this text really isn't tracked in or out at all. That was just a trick on my eye, but this actually is. Apparently, someone had selected this text to get it to fit inside this box. So just clicking inside this text shows you that this text was actually kerned in or out.

And you can go through an entire document and scroll through it and look to see now, like for example say that I selected these paragraphs and I want to kern them in, say -50, then they automatically get highlighted. So you can see it even as you work. Now if you're keeping score, you may have noticed, let me jump back to the Preferences with Command or Ctrl+K, in Composition Highlighting we are not seeing the problem with the Keep Violations. And that's because really they are rarer than a unicorn.

It's is very, very seldom that InDesign is not going to be able to adhere to the keep settings that you do. The worst that can happen is that it shows a overset symbol or it pushes the text to the next frame, when you don't want it to push there. So it's really hard, in fact it is impossible for me to come up with a situation, that would show you keep violations. But H&J Violations, Custom Tracking/ Kerning, and Substituted Glyphs are all fantastic diagnostic tools for you to highlight in your documents when you're trying to figure out what's happening with the type.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for InDesign Secrets
InDesign Secrets

164 video lessons · 76169 viewers

Anne-Marie Concepción and David Blatner
Author

 
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  1. 3m 48s
    1. 164 Make a pop-up footnote for your ebook NEW
      3m 48s
  2. 14h 52m
    1. 001 Intro to InDesign Secrets
      51s
    2. 002 The hidden "auto-expand text" feature
      5m 51s
    3. 003 Letting InDesign do the math for you
      3m 15s
    4. 004 The indispensible Quick Apply feature
      5m 29s
    5. 005 Customizing the Links panel
      6m 53s
    6. 006 Magically building graphs with the Chartwell font
      7m 43s
    7. 007 Using the Eyedropper tool to pick up character or paragraph attributes
      3m 21s
    8. 008 Selecting through and into objects using cmd-click and Select Above/Below
      5m 46s
    9. 009 Some great tips and tricks for the Swatches panel
      9m 40s
    10. 010 Saving down for backward compatibility with INX and IDML
      5m 55s
    11. 011 Using the INX and IDML formats to fix problems
      4m 46s
    12. 012 InDesign's Easter eggs
      5m 0s
    13. 013 Three cool GREP styles everyone can use
      7m 35s
    14. 014 A field guide to special characters
      8m 2s
    15. 015 Trashing the application preferences to solve weird behaviors
      4m 42s
    16. 016 Aligning numbered lists by decimal points
      3m 10s
    17. 017 Running a script
      9m 33s
    18. 018 When text disappears from a text frame
      6m 18s
    19. 019 Preview and Presentation modes (changing color, etc.)
      4m 8s
    20. 020 Using multiple windows for comparisons
      3m 35s
    21. 021 Putting images on a stroke
      5m 23s
    22. 022 Making your own motion path
      5m 43s
    23. 023 Copying objects between Illustrator and InDesign
      6m 53s
    24. 024 Using layer comps in Photoshop files to show alternates in InDesign
      4m 19s
    25. 025 Adding custom HTML tags to EPUB/HTML exports
      5m 32s
    26. 026 Tracking down type issues with the composition highlighter
      8m 13s
    27. 027 Managing your InDesign panels
      5m 46s
    28. 028 Creating running heads using variables
      5m 1s
    29. 029 Live Caption tips and tricks
      8m 3s
    30. 030 Making professional drop caps
      10m 37s
    31. 031 Making two-state buttons in interactive documents
      5m 5s
    32. 032 Moving pages from one document to another
      3m 15s
    33. 033 Wrapping bulleted text around a curve
      5m 58s
    34. 034 Importing a custom dictionary
      7m 8s
    35. 035 Changing document orientation and page size
      6m 45s
    36. 036 Numbering instead of using auto page numbers
      6m 23s
    37. 037 Setting story order with the Articles panel
      8m 3s
    38. 038 Updating a linked table without losing formatting
      5m 38s
    39. 039 Creating electronic sticky notes
      4m 49s
    40. 040 Moving master page items to the top layer for visibility
      2m 48s
    41. 041 Five guide tricks that will impress your coworkers
      6m 18s
    42. 042 Letting InDesign add the diacritics
      4m 21s
    43. 043 Using single-cell table cells for custom paragraph formatting
      6m 2s
    44. 044 Formatting fractions correctly
      8m 11s
    45. 045 Fixing unwanted hyperlinks in an imported Word file
      5m 57s
    46. 046 Inline graphic tricks with invisible paragraphs
      4m 21s
    47. 047 Ensuring the first line of every chapter starts in the same spot
      3m 1s
    48. 048 Specifying an exact amount of space between objects
      5m 17s
    49. 049 Fixing last lines that are too short
      8m 16s
    50. 050 Creating web graphics from your InDesign artwork
      7m 20s
    51. 051 Using “No Language” to suppress unwanted hyphenation, spell-checking, and smart quotes
      2m 48s
    52. 052 Five things that should be in every new file
      5m 19s
    53. 053 Forcing EPUB page breaks with invisible objects
      6m 21s
    54. 054 Understanding component information
      6m 39s
    55. 055 Creating running heads using section markers
      4m 16s
    56. 056 Making a font with InDesign using the IndyFont script
      5m 20s
    57. 057 Finding where that color is used
      7m 17s
    58. 058 Text wrapping
      6m 54s
    59. 059 Inserting pages: Understanding the Pages panel
      4m 20s
    60. 060 Copying paths between Illustrator and InDesign
      5m 14s
    61. 061 Automating Find/Change with the Find/ChangeByList script
      12m 48s
    62. 062 Embedding images
      7m 43s
    63. 063 Adjusting leading inside a paragraph
      4m 31s
    64. 064 Placing one InDesign file inside another
      3m 58s
    65. 065 Creating bookmarks for PDFs
      7m 25s
    66. 066 Customizing the story editor preferences
      6m 4s
    67. 067 Setting the size of text exactly with this free script
      3m 28s
    68. 068 Using Gravity to simulate perspective
      3m 15s
    69. 069 Fixing the overflowing text frame problem in EPUBs
      5m 0s
    70. 070 Ten uses of the Story Editor
      11m 39s
    71. 071 Moving an object: Ten ways!
      7m 18s
    72. 072 Understanding optical margin alignment (and the quote trick)
      4m 23s
    73. 073 Changing the shape of any frame with the pen tool
      6m 12s
    74. 074 Working with sets in the content conveyor tool
      10m 40s
    75. 075 Running text along the top and the bottom of a circle
      3m 51s
    76. 076 Creating a list using the Table of Contents feature
      3m 25s
    77. 077 Quickly threading frames together and unthreading frames
      13m 22s
    78. 078 The secrets of formatting objects with Find/Change
      6m 34s
    79. 079 Using ruler guides: 10 great tricks
      5m 3s
    80. 080 Converting a clipping path to a frame
      4m 24s
    81. 081 Adding a drop shadow to a single word inside a frame
      3m 14s
    82. 082 Creating a custom cross-reference format
      13m 53s
    83. 083 Putting different-sized pages on a single spread
      3m 7s
    84. 084 Formatting prices with nested and grep styles
      6m 21s
    85. 085 Checking out the Gridify tricks
      5m 17s
    86. 086 Using Illustrator to create InDesign gradient swatches
      4m 49s
    87. 087 Building a simple grep style to change character size
      3m 45s
    88. 088 Exporting a grayscale PDF
      3m 16s
    89. 089 Three ways to cheat text outside of its frame
      6m 8s
    90. 090 Three great Object Styles for any designer
      8m 1s
    91. 091 Choosing alpha channel image transparency
      2m 25s
    92. 092 Adding and reading metadata for InDesign files
      3m 25s
    93. 093 Adding ALT tags to your images
      6m 59s
    94. 094 How to Place & Link a text frame's text but not its formatting
      7m 4s
    95. 095 Setting the baseline position of a caption
      2m 39s
    96. 096 Managing changing pages with primary text frames
      5m 23s
    97. 097 Secrets of the Info panel
      7m 31s
    98. 098 Surprising ways to do a word count
      5m 29s
    99. 099 Placing an object where you want it with an object style
      6m 18s
    100. 100 Aligning Objects tips and tricks
      5m 10s
    101. 101 Applying corner options to any shape
      2m 17s
    102. 102 Converting footnotes to endnotes with a free script
      4m 49s
    103. 103 Making tab leaders pretty
      4m 18s
    104. 104 Converting text to outlines the right way
      4m 30s
    105. 105 Turning InDesign into a speed demon
      8m 31s
    106. 106 Working with MiniBridge
      5m 45s
    107. 107 Customize your QR codes
      6m 17s
    108. 108 Using the same keyboard shortcut for two different commands with the Context feature
      5m 22s
    109. 109 Making a text highlighter
      3m 33s
    110. 110 Updating an interactive PDF without losing work done in Acrobat
      5m 31s
    111. 111 Adding custom text at the beginning of each line automatically
      4m 0s
    112. 112 Packaging images on the pasteboard
      3m 32s
    113. 113 Automatically updating figure references for books
      6m 9s
    114. 114 Adding Tool Tips to your form fields in InDesign
      3m 21s
    115. 115 Setting poetry, flush left, center on longest line
      3m 54s
    116. 116 Use bookmarks to navigate long documents in production
      4m 57s
    117. 117 Selecting text with the InDesign keyboard dance
      2m 0s
    118. 118 Including a total page count in your page numbers
      6m 19s
    119. 119 Making a custom arrowhead
      5m 37s
    120. 120 Making alternative body text styles for fast typesetting
      5m 4s
    121. 121 Making InDesign patterns with the free PatternMaker
      3m 45s
    122. 122 Creating pull quotes the easy way
      5m 1s
    123. 123 Allow text frame to resize with text
      2m 43s
    124. 124 Mapping Word styles to InDesign styles
      5m 48s
    125. 125 Make two automatically threaded text flows
      3m 37s
    126. 126 Saving for Web in InDesign
      6m 7s
    127. 127 Numbering rows in a table
      5m 10s
    128. 128 Making automatic jump lines
      6m 52s
    129. 129 Turning off allow pages to shuffle in order to separate facing pages
      3m 40s
    130. 130 Dealing with parentheses around text size
      4m 19s
    131. 131 Make a fill in the blank label for contracts and forms
      7m 53s
    132. 132 Changing the shape of polygons and starburst as you draw or afterward
      4m 17s
    133. 133 Contextual text and images that you only want sometimes visible
      4m 55s
    134. 134 Creating nav points in a movie
      4m 31s
    135. 135 Adding effects to your rule above and rule below
      3m 38s
    136. 136 Fitting text to a specific size
      4m 45s
    137. 137 Quick tips for making a small PDF file size
      6m 9s
    138. 138 Sharing presets, workspaces, and custom shortcuts sets
      5m 17s
    139. 139 Making a multi-level numbered list
      5m 17s
    140. 140 Faking bold and italic when the font family doesn’t have one
      5m 2s
    141. 141 Keeping the same scale size when updating or relinking to images
      3m 9s
    142. 142 Inserting glyphs
      6m 42s
    143. 143 Building richer, bolder color gradients
      3m 7s
    144. 144 Finding the right font with InDesign’s font menus
      4m 35s
    145. 145 Lay out a front, back and spine for a book jacket
      6m 12s
    146. 146 Ghosting area of image behind text
      2m 53s
    147. 147 Make a transparency mask in InDesign
      3m 45s
    148. 148 Using preflight to find common document errors
      6m 11s
    149. 149 Cropping with paste into
      5m 18s
    150. 150 Using vertical justification to spread out text in a frame automatically
      5m 16s
    151. 151 Rotate text inside a frame, or the frame around the text
      2m 30s
    152. 152 Looking at snippets vs. libraries
      6m 49s
    153. 153 Import a folder full of pictures, one per page
      8m 54s
    154. 154 When InDesign ignores your leading values
      4m 5s
    155. 155 Extracting images from a Word document
      3m 42s
    156. 156 Uncommon uses for Quick Apply
      6m 2s
    157. 157 Uncovering InDesign's magic font folders
      3m 9s
    158. 158 Sharing swatches (PS/IL/ID and ID to ID)
      3m 36s
    159. 159 Convert rounded corners to editable paths
      3m 15s
    160. 160 Convert local formatting to character styles
      5m 14s
    161. 161 Sort an index by page number
      7m 49s
    162. 162 Keeping page numbers on top of master items
      3m 55s
    163. 163 Adding automatic currency symbols in a table cell or before text
      3m 50s

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