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Often, as you're writing or editing a story in InCopy, you'll need to add a special character, like an em dash or a Euro currency character, or a copyright symbol, but you don't know how to do this because it's not on the keyboard. Well, InCopy has a number of useful menus and panels that will help you with these kind of tasks. For example, I'm going to zoom into the story I've checked out, with Command+Plus or Ctrl+Plus, and take a look at what's happening here on either side of the Pinto.
We have a dash, but it's not really a hyphen. If I click here and I type a hyphen, that's what a hyphen looks like. And that it's surrounded by - what are these weird little glyphs, like this little V with a dot? Well these are standing in for special characters. And the only reason I'm seeing them, first of all, is because I have hidden characters showing. I've turned on the Paragraph symbol. And notice that a regular space is just a dot, but these are standing for a different kind of space. If I deleted that and then press the Space, it's much larger than what that is.
Well this is actually called a thin space. And the way that the designer or previous editor added a thin space was they clicked in between these two characters, and then they went to the Type menu, down to Insert White Space, and then they entered an actual thin space, or they memorized this monstrous keyboard shortcut. So notice that InCopy and InDesign, they share the same typesetting engine. And really, InDesign's claim to fame is superior typography. It gives you an unprecedented amount of control over words and spaces and characters.
And just one example of this is, look at all the different kinds of white space. When the Spacebar doesn't satisfy, you have your choice of all different kinds of spaces, from a bit of space called a Hair Space to a Sixth of a Space to a Thin Space, and so on. You also have the equivalent of an em or an en called an Em Space and an En Space and then a space that won't break. So like if you're trying to put in two words, like Northwestern University, and you didn't want that ever to break on two lines, you could say Northwestern, then enter a nonbreaking space instead of a regular space and then the word "University." These are called the Insert White Space special characters.
Then you have the actual Insert Special Characters. So just to take a quick look, if you need a bullet or a copyright symbol, you can just say Insert > Symbol and then choose one of these that you need. Markers really mainly apply to InDesign users. This is the exact same code that they've picked up and lifted from InDesign. They didn't want to actually delete this, so it's still in here. But this would actually put in, automatically, what is the next page number. It looks at where the threaded frame is going. Something that's of more use to writers and editors are these hyphens and dashes. So to add an em dash or an en dash, which is what you see on either side of the Pinto, that's an en dash, these are the characters that you would type from the keyboard, or you can just choose it from the menu.
A discretionary hyphen is when you want to enter a hyphen to break a word at the end of the line, but if you edit the text that the word is in the middle of a line, the hyphen disappears. And a nonbreaking hyphen just as it says - a nonbreaking hyphen will not break at the end of a line. So if you're writing the word "Anne-Marie" that has a hyphen in the middle of it and I say, "Never break my name on two lines!" then you'd enter en and then enter a nonbreaking hyphen and then the word "Marie." Quotation marks are curly by default, you know, open and closed, but if you're trying to put in fake inch marks, or foot marks, you might want to say straight quotes if you wanted to.
And then there are some other special characters. Now, you might think, why would I ever need to enter a Tab key from this menu, but that's mainly if you're working in a table, for example, where the tab key brings you to the next cell, and you actually want to enter a tab within the cell, you can use it from here. Then there are some other special characters that are really beyond the scope of this video. But one thing that I want to mention to you that I have included in the exercise files is a little cheat sheet of what all of these special characters mean. Because you're going to end up opening up files from your InDesign user and seeing all sorts of interesting squigglies and non-printing things, and wonder, what is that thing? I've opened it up for you already in Reader.
This is something that I created for a blog that I co-host called InDesignsecrets.com, and it is The InDesignSecrets Guide to Special Characters in Adobe InDesign, and this also applies to InCopy as well. So here is a zoomed in view of all the different kind of non-printing characters that you're going to see based on a kind of white space, and then you'll see it's 5 pages long. So these are the different kind of hyphens and line breaks, and so on. So you can download this and print it out and refer to it. That will help you decipher what's happening in InCopy.
By the way, now you don't really have to keep going up to the type menu to insert those special characters; you can just as easily right-click in the text, and as long as you've checked out the story, you can go ahead and insert the special character right here. So if I want to insert a copyright symbol, it's the easiest way to do it that way. There is one other place I want to mention to you where you can grab some special characters, and that is the Glyphs panel. It's kind of like a character map. And the glyphs panel is available in two places: one from the Window menu down here in the Type & Tables flyout > Glyphs, but also up here in the Type menu.
These first few entries here are actually shortcuts to type-related panels. So the type-related panels can be accessed in two different places. Here we have glyphs. And the Glyphs panel shows you every single kind of character - a glyph is the technical name for a character - in the active typeface. So you can see right now we're using Chaparral Pro, and that is what all the glyphs are showing us. And if I select a glyph, it becomes highlighted in the glyphs panel. I can say, you know what, I want to grab a different kind of glyph from this typeface.
And depending on the type of typeface it is, you might see it completely organized in this manner. So, for example, I want to say let me see the Currency. Ah yeah, here is the Euro symbol that I want to enter. And then to enter a glyph from the Glyphs panel, you just double-click it, and it enters right in the text. The recently used glyphs appear in a line here, and it remembers, I believe, 20 of them. So if you want to enter the same glyph elsewhere, and you're showing like the entire font, and you don't know where that Euro symbol is, so let's say I want to add another Euro symbol right here, I could just double-click this one.
There is all sorts of fun stuff that you can do with glyphs. You can create sets of glyphs. You can do fine changes in glyphs, but again, those are all beyond the scope of this video. I just want to point out to you that you can use the Glyphs panel to grab glyphs from this typeface or from any other typeface that you have installed. If you want to learn more about using the Glyphs panel and creating glyph sets, things like that, definitely check out any videos having to do with the Glyphs panel in any of the InDesign titles here at lynda.com.
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