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Knowing the fundamentals of drawing and reshaping paths is only part of the story. In Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Advanced, the second of the popular One-on-One series, computer graphics expert Deke McClelland covers some of Illustrator's most powerful and least understood features. He shows how to merge simple shapes to create complex ones with the Pathfinder palette, as well as align paths to create schematic illustrations. Deke explains how to paint fluid, multicolor fills with blends, and the new and improved gradient tool. He explores seamlessly repeating tile patterns, blobs and brushes, and imported images. He also dives into one of the deepest features in all of Illustrator, transparency. Exercise files accompany the tutorial.
Recommended prerequisite: Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals.
Download Deke's customized keyboard layouts and color settings for Illustrator from the Exercise Files tab.
All right gang, now for a little bit of Text Wrapping. I have gone ahead and saved my progress so far as Integrated imagery.ai and we have got this wonderful filigree that is popping up and integrating the imagery into the artwork and hiding the separate shoulder and all that jazz, but it is also encroaching on our very important ad copy. So, I want to apply a kind of Text Wrap. Well, you can either do it Illustrator's way or you can do it your way and I'm going to show you both ways inside of this exercise. So, let's start things off by just clicking on this element that we have added here.
And I'm going to ahead and zoom in, so that we can inspect it a little more closely and now you go up to the Object menu and you choose Text Wrap and you choose Make and then you just let the Text Wrap thing happen. So, it will go ahead and draw a path outline, notice that around the text and that will go ahead and cause the text to wrap around this little outline here. See the outline that is running outside the spiral, the text will wrap around that, only I appear to be lying because the text is just set in there.
We can answer that question, why is the text just sitting there? By going up to the Object menu, choosing Text Wrap and choosing Text Wrap Options, which not only allows you to change the offset, which is the distance between this boundary right there and the object itself. So, I could raise it to like 12 points, turn on Preview, so I can see what that does and that's going to move the Text Wrap Offset outward like so, but it is not going to move the text because this object must be above the text, the same group to wrap. This order can be set in the Layers panel.
Well, how bogus is that, anyway I'll cancel out. Now, I'll go ahead and press Shift+Tab to bring back the Layers palette and apparently, what we need to do? We need to grab this guy, this Compound Path that we are working with here and we need to dump it into the Text layer. Then that's going to force the wrap as we can see. There is two problems with that. I don't want it in the Text layer and also I have skunk control over what's going on. Inside of InDesign you can go ahead and grab your White Arrow tool and you can grab that Offset boundary and you can drag its points around. In our case we can't do anything like that. Now, we can move the actual points inside of the spiral and that would force the Text Wrap to move, but otherwise, we have to have a Text Wrap boundary that's equidistant all the way around the object from the object itself and that's just no good. That just doesn't give you the kind of control you need because in order to get pharmacy on the right line we would need to move some of the other text farther out and sometimes things just don't look right.
I am going to click off of my Path for a moment, so nothing selected. You can see the text that rises above an object and text that falls below an object and then text for example, that's to the left of an object and so on, they appear to be spaced differently and that's because uniform Text Wrap just does not tend to work on extremely complicated objects like this. So, what do you do, while you press Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac a few times, until you return the object to its original layer and you get rid of the Text Wrap, I recommend you change no the object.
Go ahead and deselect that, but rather you modify the boundary of the area text object. So, here is how I'm going to work. I'm going to click off of everything in order to deselect it and then I'm going to move my cursor over a little bit because I remember the area text boundary was right about here and I'll click on the segment and sure enough I went ahead and selected it, with the White Arrow tool once again and now press the Backspace key or the Delete key on the Mac to get rid of it. Notice now you lost a wall for your area text. You would think it go just flying out the right hand side now, but it doesn't, because Illustrator is always by default just going ahead and adding a virtual connection between the last two end points there. All right, now I'll once again click off the text and hopefully I can get -- notice this little purple square that is showing me that that's the text object because it is appearing on the Text layer which is set to violet and now, I'll go ahead and drag it over and I'm pressing the Shift key as I'm performing this drag to move it to this location right there.
All right, I'm going to go ahead and twirl close this top filigree layer just so that it is not distracting me over there on the right side of the screen. Now, I have a total four points describing this partial outline here and Illustrator is connecting these two end points on the fly, which is why the text has moved inward a little bit. Now, get your Pen tool and you can edit that text boundary while it has text inside of it. I'm going to drag from this location like so and then I'm going to drag up here in order to add another anchor point in the form of a smooth point.
I might go ahead and press the Ctrl key or the Command key on the Mac and move things around a little bit, except that, I want to grab the image itself. So now we are at the point where it is probably a good idea to lock a few things down. So, I'll go ahead and undo that accidental movement there and I lock down the Image layer and lock down the top filigree and I lock down the base filigree, so that only text is open like so. All right, now let's see if we can switch back to the Text layer and if we can somehow find that thing that we created there, I think it is around this location here, there it is.
You can also press Ctrl+Y or Command+Y, if you think that's going to be helpful to switch to the Outline mode. It is still fairly confusing and chaotic. But anyway, I'll press Ctrl+Y or Command+ Y again. Actually a great thing to do would be to Ctrl-click or Command- click on this eyeball in front of the text and then you could easily see where the line is because you wouldn't be seeing all the other outlines, just the one for the text object. Fantastic, there it is. Now, I'll go ahead and get my Pen tool again and I'll Alt+drag or Option+drag in order to create a cross point.
I will drag from this location in midway and I'll press Alt or Option in order to change the direction of that control handle and then I'll drag from this location like so and then press Alt or Option to change the direction of this control handle and now I'll drag like this in order to create a smooth point with big old control handles like so. I might go back and edit this one by pressing the Ctrl key or the Command key on the Mac and dragging upward just a little bit and then we are pretty much done. At this point I think we could just go ahead and -- well I'll just be fancy.
I will Alt+drag or Option+drag like so and then I'll drag from this location to knock the word would down to the next line. Now, let's see how it looks by Ctrl or Command-clicking on that eyeball again in front of text to see what in the world kind of Text Wrap we end up getting and I actually think this is pretty cool. I'll go ahead and click off and zoom out from my illustration. So that's a way to get extremely comforting control over how the text wraps inside of your illustration and it is totally editable, of course.
At any time you could go back with your White Arrow tool there, you can hunt down those points like this one. I went ahead and clicked on a segment in that case and I'll lift this point, so that the word patented goes to a different line and we get an effect like that. Then I click off and see if I like the result and not so much actually. I kind of liked it the way it was before. I think I'll stick with that. All right, so anyway, hey! I can change my mind, they are vectors and they are great. In the next exercise I'm going to show you a little meta tip that has very little to do with importing images into Illustrator, but everything to do with previewing the appearance of your trimmed art work. Stay tuned.
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